Dachang County
大厂县 · دَاچْا
大厂回族自治县 · دَاچْا خُوِذُو ذِجِشِیًا
Dachang Hui Autonomous County
Outer Beijing aerial view 02.jpg
Dachang in Langfang
Dachang in Langfang
Langfang in Hebei
Langfang in Hebei
Coordinates: 39°53′11″N 116°59′23″E / 39.8865°N 116.9896°E / 39.8865; 116.9896Coordinates: 39°53′11″N 116°59′23″E / 39.8865°N 116.9896°E / 39.8865; 116.9896
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHebei
Prefecture-level cityLangfang
County seatDachang Town (大厂镇)
Area
 • Total176 km2 (68 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (66 ft)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total134,000
 • Density760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
065300
Area code(s)0316
Websitehttp://www.lfdc.gov.cn/

Dachang Hui Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 大厂回族自治县; traditional Chinese: 大廠回族自治縣; pinyin: Dàchǎng Huízú Zìzhìxiàn; Xiao'erjing: دَاچْا خُوِذُو ذِجِشِیًا) is a Hui autonomous county of Hebei province. It is under the administration of Langfang prefecture-level city, and was established in 1955. The Hui Muslim county of Dachang was subjected to slaughter by the Japanese in the Second Sino-Japanese War.[1]

Together with Sanhe City, and Xianghe County, it forms the Northern three counties [zh], an exclave of Hebei province surrounded by the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin, and itself borders Beijing to the west.

A Dachang Hui Imam, Ma Zhenwu, wrote a Qur'an translation into Chinese including Chinese characters and Xiao'erjing.[2]

The county spans an area of 176 square kilometres (68 sq mi), and has a population of about 134,000 people as of 2019.[3]

Administrative divisions

The county administers one subdistrict and five towns.[4] The county also administers the Hebei Dachang High-tech Industrial Development Zone, which serves as a township-level division.[4] These township-level divisions then administer 16 residential communities, and 105 administrative villages.[3]

Dachang's sole subdistrict is Beichen Subdistrict [zh].[4]

Dachang's five towns are Dachang [zh], Xiadian [zh], Qigezhuang [zh], Shaofu, and Chenfu.[4]

Geography

The county is bounded by the Chaobai River, across from which is Tongzhou District in Beijing.[3]

Dachang's county center lies 42 kilometres (26 mi) from Tiananmen Square, and 107 kilometres (66 mi) from the center of Tianjin.[3]

34.2% of the county is forested.[3]

Demographics

As of 2019, Dachang is home to about 27,400 Hui people, comprising approximately 20.45% of the county's population.[3]

Economy

As of 2019, Dachang's gross domestic product totaled ¥16.48 billion.[3] The county's urban residents have an annual per capita disposable income of ¥45,044, and the county's rural residents have an annual per capita disposable income of ¥18,418.[3]

Transportation

A number of expressways pass through the county, including the Jingping Expressway, the Jingqin Expressway, the Beijing–Harbin Expressway, and the G95 Capital Area Loop Expressway.[3]

Five passenger bus lines link Dachang to Beijing.[3]

The Beijing–Tangshan intercity railway is planned to run through the county, but is still under construction as of 2021.[3]

References

  1. ^ "China's Islamic Communities Generate Local Histories | China Heritage Quarterly". China Heritage Newsletter. China Heritage Project, The Australian National University (5). March 2006. ISSN 1833-8461.
  2. ^ Garnaut, Anthony (March 2006). "The Islamic Heritage in China: A General Survey". China Heritage Newsletter (5).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k 县情概览 [County Overview] (in Chinese). Dachang Hui Autonomous County People's Government. 2021-01-11. Archived from the original on 2021-02-24. Retrieved 2021-02-24.
  4. ^ a b c d 2019年统计用区划代码 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2019. Archived from the original on 2020-09-10. Retrieved 2020-09-10.