Zhuolu County
涿鹿县
Cholu
Sanggan River Valley
Sanggan River Valley
Location in Zhangjiakou
Location in Zhangjiakou
Zhuolu is located in Hebei
Zhuolu
Zhuolu
Location of the seat in Hebei
Coordinates: 40°22′N 115°13′E / 40.367°N 115.217°E / 40.367; 115.217
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHebei
Prefecture-level cityZhangjiakou
County seatZhuolu Town
Area
 • Total2,802 km2 (1,082 sq mi)
Population
 • Total330,000
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
075600
Area code0313

Zhuolu County (simplified Chinese: 涿鹿县; traditional Chinese: 涿鹿縣; pinyin: Zhuōlù Xiàn) is a county in the northwest of Hebei province, bordering Beijing's Mentougou District to the east. It is under the administration of the Zhangjiakou city. It has eight towns, nine townships, and 373 village-level units (行政村). It is located near the confluence of the Sanggan River (桑干河) and Yang River (洋河) tributaries to the Yongding River,[1] on the banks of Sanggan River. Zhuolu has 2802 square kilometers (approximately 1082 square miles), with a population of 330,000 inhabitants. Its postal code number is 075600, and its telephone area code is 0313.

Historical uncertainty

Modern Zhuolu may or may not have been the location of the historical Battle of Zhuolu. However, it is promoted for tourism as such. Modern Zhuolu may or may not have been the location of what is claimed to be the only city founded by the legendary Yellow Emperor, Huáng dì 黄帝, although there is evidence to support this case.[2]

Historic sites and scenic spots

Among the historic, scenic, or tourist destination spots, there are several associated with Huang di (the Yellow Emperor) and his rival Chi You. Besides this historical-type tourism, ecological tourism is also offered, although industrial plant/sector tours seem to be less widely advertised. As of June, 2009, an investment of 2,000,000 (US$) is planned to develop and promote grape and wine country tours, in the so-called "Zhuolu Grape Sightseeing Zone".[3]

Economy

Aside from tourism, the local economy is typified by heavy manufacturing industries, together with viticulture and orchard produce, such as almonds. The Zhangjiakou vicinity is typified by iron and steel metallurgy. According to a Chinese government source, Zhuolu has the "largest grape plantation in Asia", being particularly noted for producing the Longyan grape, but also growing over twenty other varieties.[4]

Grapes and wine

Zhuolu is considered to be part of the Huai-Zhuo Basin viticultural region, along with Xuanhua and Huailai. With a claimed heat summation of 3532 degrees Celsius and 413 mm (approximately sixteen and one-quarter inches) of annual rainfall, a sandy, lime, loam soil, and a distinct day/night temperature, together with the cool, dry summers, Zhuolu may be quite suitable for the production of Vitis vinefera-based wines, such as Cabernet sauvignon.[5]

Administrative divisions

Zhuolu County is subdivided into the following:[6]

The county-administered district is Nanshan District (南山区)

Towns:

Townships:

Climate

Climate data for Zhuolu (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
17.7
(63.9)
28.9
(84.0)
32.2
(90.0)
38.1
(100.6)
37.8
(100.0)
39.2
(102.6)
37.1
(98.8)
35.9
(96.6)
28.3
(82.9)
20.8
(69.4)
15.8
(60.4)
39.2
(102.6)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
4.1
(39.4)
11.3
(52.3)
19.8
(67.6)
26.1
(79.0)
29.6
(85.3)
30.7
(87.3)
29.4
(84.9)
24.9
(76.8)
17.5
(63.5)
8.0
(46.4)
0.8
(33.4)
16.8
(62.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.5
(20.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
4.5
(40.1)
12.6
(54.7)
19.1
(66.4)
22.9
(73.2)
24.8
(76.6)
23.4
(74.1)
18.0
(64.4)
10.5
(50.9)
1.9
(35.4)
−4.8
(23.4)
10.3
(50.6)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −11.2
(11.8)
−7.9
(17.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
5.8
(42.4)
12.2
(54.0)
16.9
(62.4)
19.8
(67.6)
18.4
(65.1)
12.3
(54.1)
4.9
(40.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
−9.1
(15.6)
4.8
(40.7)
Record low °C (°F) −23.5
(−10.3)
−23.9
(−11.0)
−16.0
(3.2)
−5.2
(22.6)
0.1
(32.2)
6.1
(43.0)
9.7
(49.5)
8.5
(47.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
−8.6
(16.5)
−16.5
(2.3)
−22.2
(−8.0)
−23.9
(−11.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.0
(0.08)
3.5
(0.14)
8.5
(0.33)
17.8
(0.70)
32.9
(1.30)
67.6
(2.66)
97.9
(3.85)
77.4
(3.05)
50.8
(2.00)
22.0
(0.87)
9.4
(0.37)
2.1
(0.08)
391.9
(15.43)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.7 2.0 3.5 5.2 7.3 11.0 12.5 10.6 8.3 5.5 2.9 1.9 72.4
Average snowy days 2.8 3.2 3.1 0.9 0 0 0 0 0 0.3 2.8 2.9 16
Average relative humidity (%) 43 39 38 38 43 56 68 69 64 56 50 45 51
Mean monthly sunshine hours 197.4 197.7 241.2 255.3 279.5 249.9 241.2 244.2 227.5 215.9 186.6 186.3 2,722.7
Percent possible sunshine 66 65 65 64 62 56 53 58 62 64 63 65 62
Source: China Meteorological Administration[7][8]

References

Notes

  1. ^ Sivin, 20, grid B2
  2. ^ For example, see http://english.hebei.com.cn/system/2008/08/19/010096537.shtml Archived 16 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "张家口政务网". Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2009.
  4. ^ "张家口政务网". Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 27 June 2009.‹The template SemiBareRefNeedsTitle is being considered for deletion.› 
  5. ^ "Introduction to Vine Growing Regions (Vineyards) in China - Hebei" (PDF). dynasty-wines.com. 1 May 2006. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2006. Retrieved 24 October 2009.
  6. ^ 张家口市-行政区划网
  7. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
  8. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 25 August 2023.