Sanggan River
Sanggan river valley - Nankoucun - Huashaoyingzhen IMG 4119 Yangyuan co, Zhangjiakou, Hebei.jpg
Sanggan River Valley
Native name桑干河
ProvincesShanxi, Hebei, Beijing
CitiesXinzhou, Shuozhou, Datong, Zhangjiakou, Yanqing
Physical characteristics
SourceHui River and Yuanzi River
 • locationGuancen Mountain of Ningwu County, Shanxi Province
 • coordinates38°44′N 111°56′E / 38.733°N 111.933°E / 38.733; 111.933
MouthGuanting Reservoir
 • location
Between Hebei and Beijing
Length506 km (314 mi)
Basin size23,900 km2 (9,200 sq mi)
 • average7.5 m3/s (260 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River systemHai River

The Sanggan River or Sanggan He (Chinese: 桑干河), also known in English as Sangkan River, is a river in northern China. It runs 506 kilometers and has a drainage area of 23,900 squared kilometers. In addition to its significance in hydrology, it is culturally significant as it has been mentioned in various poems, essays, and novels, including a poem by Chen Tao and an award-winning novel The Sun Shines Over Sanggan River by Ding Ling.[1] It is also one of the rivers that gave birth to early civilizations.


The Sangan River is a part of the drainage system of Hai River. It originates in Shanxi Province. It merges with the Yang He (洋河) in Hebei Province and then flows into the Guanting Reservoir. The outflow of the reservoir is known as the Yongding River (formerly known as the Wuding River).

See also


  1. ^ Davis, 80 (note 1, on page 29)


Coordinates: 40°17′56″N 115°34′56″E / 40.2990°N 115.5823°E / 40.2990; 115.5823