usuri ula (in Manchu)
CountryChina, Russia
Physical characteristics
 • coordinates
48°16′00″N 134°43′13″E / 48.2666°N 134.7204°E / 48.2666; 134.7204
Length897 km (557 mi)[1]
Basin size193,000 km2 (75,000 sq mi)
 • locationKhabarovsk, Russia (near mouth)
 • average1,620 m3/s (57,000 cu ft/s)[1]
Basin features
ProgressionAmurSea of Okhotsk
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese烏蘇里江
Simplified Chinese乌苏里江
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᡠᠰᡠᡵᡳ
Romanizationusuri ula
Russian name
Russianрека Уссури
Romanizationreka Ussuri

The Ussuri or Wusuli (Russian: Уссури; Chinese: ; pinyin: Wūsūlǐ Jiāng) is a river that runs through Khabarovsk and Primorsky Krais, Russia and the southeast region of Northeast China. It rises in the Sikhote-Alin mountain range, flowing north and forming part of the Sino-Russian border (which is based on the Sino-Russian Convention of Peking of 1860), until it joins the Amur as a tributary to it near Khabarovsk. It is approximately 897 km (557 mi) long. The Ussuri drains the Ussuri basin, which covers 193,000 km2 (75,000 sq mi).[2] Its waters come from rain (60%), snow (30–35%), and subterranean springs. The average discharge is 1,620 m3/s (57,000 cu ft/s),[1] and the average elevation is 1,682 metres (5,518 ft).


The Ussuri near Gornye Klyuchi

The Ussuri has been known by many names. In Manchu, it was called the Usuri Ula or Dobi Bira (River of Foxes) and in Mongolian the Üssüri Müren.[3] Ussuri is Manchu for soot-black river.[4]



Major tributaries of the Ussuri are, from source to mouth:

See also


  1. ^ a b c Amur-Heilong River Basin Reader (PDF). ISBN 9789881722713.
  2. ^ Уссури, Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  3. ^ Narangoa 2014, p. 299.
  4. ^ Shavkunov E.V., Professor, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Head of the Sector of Archeology of Medieval States of the Institute of History of the Far Eastern Military District. "Книги и статьи по топонимике". (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-01-20.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)