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Ting River
Native name汀江 (Chinese)
Physical characteristics
Length300 kilometres (190 mi)
Nanxi Creek, an (eventual) tributary of the Ting River. Xinnan Village, Hukeng Town, Yongding County, Fujian

The Ting River (Chinese: 汀江; pinyin: Tíng Jiāng) flows 300 kilometres (190 mi) from Ninghua County in western Fujian south to the port and Special Economic Zone of Shantou, Guangdong. It is a main tributary of the Han River and is also referred to Hakka Mother River (Chinese: 客家母亲河).

The former prefecture of Tingzhou fu or T'ingchow-fu (汀州府) was administered from a centre on the upper river, now the town of Tingzhou in Changting County; all these places are named for the river. As most inhabitants of Tingzhou-fu/Changting are Hakka, and as (Hakka-speaking) Meizhou (梅州) is next downstream, the Tingjiang is considered by some to be the mother river of all the Hakkas.

The Tingjiang is unique among Fujianese rivers in that its lower watershed and debouchment are outside the province. The traffic in Tingzhou-fu/Changting then (before road and rail came very recently) was always primarily with eastern areas of Guangdong, namely Meizhou and, further down, the Min-Nan-speaking Chao-Shan area -- Chaozhou (潮州) and Shantou (汕头).


See also

25°48′49″N 116°34′14″E / 25.8135°N 116.5706°E / 25.8135; 116.5706