Pingchuan; Pingchüan
Wolong Town, Pingquan (20220824105628).jpg
Pingquan in Chengde
Pingquan in Chengde
Pingquan is located in Hebei
Location of the city center in Hebei
Coordinates: 41°01′06″N 118°42′07″E / 41.0184°N 118.7020°E / 41.0184; 118.7020Coordinates: 41°01′06″N 118°42′07″E / 41.0184°N 118.7020°E / 41.0184; 118.7020
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Prefecture-level cityChengde
County seatPingquan (平泉镇)
 • County-level city3,295.5 km2 (1,272.4 sq mi)
 • Urban
26.00 km2 (10.04 sq mi)
508 m (1,667 ft)
 • County-level city487,000
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
 • Urban167,700
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
Area code0314

Pingquan (Chinese: 平泉; pinyin: Píngquán) is a county-level city of northeastern Hebei province, China, bordering Liaoning province to the east. It has a population of 470,000[when?] residing in an area of 3,297 km2 (1,273 sq mi). It is a centre of trade and business, and gold and silver are mined nearby.[2]


Map including Pingquan (labeled as 平泉 P'ING-CH'ÜAN (PA-KOU) 八溝) (AMS, 1951)
Map including Pingquan (labeled as 平泉 P'ING-CH'ÜAN (PA-KOU) 八溝) (AMS, 1951)

Pingguan was formerly called Bakou (Pakow). It absorbed Chinese colonies in the neighboring Mongol land: a large portion of the Kharachin Right Wing Banner and a large part of the Kharachin Middle Banner. Both banners belonged to the Josutu League.[3] During the Jindandao Incident of 1891, Pingquan was assaulted by Chinese religious sects. Catholic church were burnt and Chinese converts were massacred.[4]

Administrative divisions

There are 10 towns, 4 townships, and 5 ethnic townships under the county's administration.[5]


  • Pingquan (平泉镇)
  • Huangtuliangzi (黄土梁子镇)
  • Yushulinzi (榆树林子镇)
  • Yangshuling (杨树岭镇)
  • Qigou (七沟镇)
  • Xiaosigou (小寺沟镇)
  • Dangba (党坝镇)
  • Wolong (卧龙镇)
  • Nanwudajiazi (南五十家子镇)
  • Beiwudajiazi (北五十家子镇)


  • Wangtufang Township (王土房乡)
  • Taitoushan Township (台头山乡)
  • Songshutai Township (松树台乡)
  • Daohugou Township (道虎沟乡)
  • Liuxi Manchu Ethnic Township (柳溪满族乡)
  • Qijiadai Manchu Ethnic Township (七家岱满族乡)
  • Pingfang Manchu and Mongol Ethnic Township (平房满族蒙古族乡)
  • Maolangou Manchu and Mongol Ethnic Township (茅兰沟满族蒙古族乡)
  • Guozhangzi Manchu Ethnic Township (郭杖子满族乡)


Institutions of higher education include:


Major local companies include:


  1. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 46. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Pingquan". The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. New York: Columbia University Press. April 2001. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
  3. ^ Yamazaki Sōyo 山崎惣與, Manshū-koku chimei daijiten 滿洲國地名大辭典, p.556,758, 1941.
  4. ^ Richard Shek, The Revolt of the Zaili, Jindan Sect in Rehe (Jehol), 1891, Modern China, Vol. 6, pp. 161-196, 1980. online edition
  5. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:阜平县 (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
  6. ^ China Internet Information Center. "Hebei". Retrieved 2007-03-27.
  7. ^ MA Jianxu; LI Mingdong; MA Peisun; LIU Xiang; MA Jianhua (2000). "Microbionic and peristaltic robots in a pipe". Chinese Science Bulletin. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
  8. ^ Chengde Commission of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation. "Export Products". Investment Network. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
  9. ^ "Business Inviting Projects of Pingquan County". 2004. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
  10. ^ "Pingquan Lihua Cement Co Ltd". Wanfang Data. Retrieved 2007-03-27.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "Hebei Pingquan Changcheng Chemical Co.,Ltd". 2004. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
  12. ^ "Chengde Jibei Yanshan Activated Carbon Co., Ltd". 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-29.