Kaiyuan
开远市
A street in central Kaiyuan
A street in central Kaiyuan
Kaiyuan is located in Yunnan
Kaiyuan
Kaiyuan
Location in Yunnan
Coordinates: 23°42′40″N 103°14′46″E / 23.71111°N 103.24611°E / 23.71111; 103.24611Coordinates: 23°42′40″N 103°14′46″E / 23.71111°N 103.24611°E / 23.71111; 103.24611
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
PrefectureHonghe
Area
 • Total1,946.51 km2 (751.55 sq mi)
Population
 • Total299,000
 • Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Postal code
661600
Area code(s)0873
Websitewww.ynkaiyuan.gov.cn

Kaiyuan (simplified Chinese: 开远; traditional Chinese: 開遠; pinyin: Kāiyuǎn) is a county-level city within the jurisdiction of Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture in the southeast of Yunnan province, China.

Geography

The maximum sea level of Kaiyuan is 2,775.6 meters and the minimum is 950 meters. The annual average temperature is 19.9 degrees Celsius.

Administrative divisions

At present, Kaiyuan City has 2 subdistricts, 2 towns, 2 townships and 1 ethnic township.[1]

2 subdistricts
2 towns
2 townships
1 ethnic township

Demography

It has a population of 299,000, of whom 156,000 belong to ethnic minorities, including Yi, Zhuang, Miao, and Hui.

Ethnic groups

See also: List of lesser-known Loloish languages

The Kaiyuan City Almanac (1996:618) lists the following ethnic Yi subgroups.

Daizhanpo 呆占泼 and Digaopo 底高泼 are identified by Pelkey (2011)[9] as Hlepho Phowa speakers. Labopho means ‘Highland Pho’, and Digaopho means ‘Lowland Pho’.[9] Pelkey (2011:110) identifies Phowa subgroups as Hlepho (ɬɛ˧ pʰo˨˩), Anipho (a˧nɨ˥ pʰo˨˩), Digaopho (ti˨˩kaʌ˥ pʰo˨˩), Labopho (lɑ˨˩bo˨˩ pʰo˨˩), and Asaheipho (a˧sa˧χɨ˥ pʰo˨˩).

Culture

Kaiyuan is thought highly of in the field of traditional martial arts, and held the first Chinese Traditional Martial Arts Festival in 2006.

Economy

Kaiyuan is a long-established industrial city, which has been paying much attention to its environment problems. Its aim is "to construct an affluent city with an ecological industrial base". Kaiyuan is also home to the Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences.

With the approval of central government, Yunnan has established an experimental zone for private small businesses at Kaiyuan. [1]

Climate

Climate data for Kaiyuan (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
32.0
(89.6)
34.2
(93.6)
36.5
(97.7)
37.3
(99.1)
36.0
(96.8)
35.6
(96.1)
35.2
(95.4)
35.8
(96.4)
32.5
(90.5)
30.5
(86.9)
29.4
(84.9)
37.3
(99.1)
Average high °C (°F) 21.1
(70.0)
23.6
(74.5)
27.0
(80.6)
29.6
(85.3)
29.9
(85.8)
30.1
(86.2)
29.6
(85.3)
29.7
(85.5)
28.6
(83.5)
26.1
(79.0)
23.4
(74.1)
20.6
(69.1)
26.6
(79.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
15.6
(60.1)
19.1
(66.4)
22.3
(72.1)
23.9
(75.0)
24.8
(76.6)
24.5
(76.1)
24.1
(75.4)
22.8
(73.0)
20.3
(68.5)
16.5
(61.7)
13.4
(56.1)
20.1
(68.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
9.9
(49.8)
13.2
(55.8)
16.7
(62.1)
19.3
(66.7)
21.1
(70.0)
21.1
(70.0)
20.6
(69.1)
19.0
(66.2)
16.5
(61.7)
12.1
(53.8)
8.5
(47.3)
15.5
(60.0)
Record low °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
2.7
(36.9)
1.7
(35.1)
7.6
(45.7)
10.4
(50.7)
14.6
(58.3)
15.9
(60.6)
15.3
(59.5)
9.8
(49.6)
5.7
(42.3)
2.2
(36.0)
−2.7
(27.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 14.9
(0.59)
18.8
(0.74)
24.4
(0.96)
45.7
(1.80)
89.9
(3.54)
117.5
(4.63)
147.0
(5.79)
120.5
(4.74)
81.1
(3.19)
55.3
(2.18)
42.5
(1.67)
12.9
(0.51)
770.5
(30.34)
Average relative humidity (%) 69 64 60 61 66 73 78 78 75 75 75 73 71
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

References

  1. ^ "国家统计局" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  2. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vdefault.aspx?departmentid=148450[dead link]
  3. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=148211[dead link]
  4. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=148204[dead link]
  5. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=148675[dead link]
  6. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=148668[dead link]
  7. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=148682[dead link]
  8. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vindex.aspx?departmentid=154164[dead link]
  9. ^ a b Pelkey, Jamin. 2011. Dialectology as Dialectic: Interpreting Phula Variation. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.