Mengla County
勐腊县 · ເມືອງລ້າ
Traffic in the town of Mengla
Traffic in the town of Mengla
Location of Mengla County (pink) within Xishuangbanna Prefecture (yellow) and Yunnan
Location of Mengla County (pink) within Xishuangbanna Prefecture (yellow) and Yunnan
Mengla County is located in Yunnan
Mengla County
Mengla County
Location of the seat in Yunnan
Coordinates (Mengla government): 21°27′32″N 101°33′50″E / 21.459°N 101.564°E / 21.459; 101.564Coordinates: 21°27′32″N 101°33′50″E / 21.459°N 101.564°E / 21.459; 101.564
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
PrefectureXishuangbanna
GB/T 2260 CODE[1]532823
Area
 • Total7,056 km2 (2,724 sq mi)
Population
 • Total194,360
 • Density28/km2 (71/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
666300[2]
Area code(s)0691[2]
Websitehttp://www.ynml.gov.cn/
1Yunnan Statistics Bureau [1]
2Xishuangbanna Gov. [2]
3Yunnan Portal [3]

Mengla County (simplified Chinese: 勐腊县; traditional Chinese: 猛臘縣; pinyin: Měnglà Xiàn; Tai Lue: ᨾᩮᩨ᩠ᨦᩃᩢᩣ, Mueang La; Lao: ເມືອງລ້າ; Thai: เมืองล้า) is a county under the jurisdiction of the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, in far southern Yunnan province, China. Meng is a variation of Mueang.

Name

"Mongla", "Mengla" and "Meungla" are different romanizations of the same Tai word. Thus, to differentiate Mengla County in China and Mong La Township in Myanmar, the locals call the former Greater Mengla/Mongla while the latter Lesser Mongla/Mengla.

Administrative divisions

Mengla County has 8 towns and 2 townships.[3]

Biodiversity

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), is located in Menglun in Mengla County, covering an area of more than 1000 ha. Over 13,000 species of tropical plants are preserved in its 35 living collections.[4]

The last Indochinese tiger in the wild in China is believed to have been killed near Mengla in 2009. The perpetrator is believed to have been sentenced to 12 years imprisonment for this.[citation needed]

A tiny frog, Raorchestes menglaensis (known as the Zhishihe's bubble-nest frog or Mengla small treefrog) is only known from its type locality, Zhishihe in Mengla County.[5]

Climate

Mengla has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw) with strong monsoonal influences. Summer is long and there is virtually no "winter" as such; instead, there is a dry season (December thru April) and wet season (May thru October). The coolest month is December, averaging 18.4 °C (65.1 °F), while the warmest is June, at 26.7 °C (80.1 °F); the annual mean is 23.4 °C (74.1 °F). However, high temperatures reach their peak in April before the onset of the monsoon from the Indian Ocean.

Climate data for Mengla (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1951–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.1
(89.8)
34.3
(93.7)
37.0
(98.6)
37.5
(99.5)
39.9
(103.8)
36.7
(98.1)
35.3
(95.5)
35.0
(95.0)
34.1
(93.4)
33.9
(93.0)
32.3
(90.1)
30.3
(86.5)
39.9
(103.8)
Average high °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
28.0
(82.4)
30.4
(86.7)
32.1
(89.8)
31.6
(88.9)
30.9
(87.6)
29.9
(85.8)
30.1
(86.2)
30.2
(86.4)
28.9
(84.0)
26.5
(79.7)
24.2
(75.6)
29.0
(84.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
20.1
(68.2)
22.4
(72.3)
25.1
(77.2)
26.2
(79.2)
26.7
(80.1)
26.2
(79.2)
26.2
(79.2)
25.8
(78.4)
24.2
(75.6)
21.2
(70.2)
18.4
(65.1)
23.4
(74.2)
Average low °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
12.1
(53.8)
14.4
(57.9)
18.1
(64.6)
20.8
(69.4)
22.5
(72.5)
22.5
(72.5)
22.3
(72.1)
21.3
(70.3)
19.5
(67.1)
15.8
(60.4)
12.6
(54.7)
17.8
(64.1)
Record low °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
5.9
(42.6)
6.1
(43.0)
11.5
(52.7)
15.7
(60.3)
18.8
(65.8)
19.5
(67.1)
18.0
(64.4)
15.3
(59.5)
12.3
(54.1)
6.5
(43.7)
1.1
(34.0)
1.1
(34.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16.2
(0.64)
21.7
(0.85)
48.2
(1.90)
96.3
(3.79)
170.6
(6.72)
198.8
(7.83)
319.5
(12.58)
309.1
(12.17)
172.4
(6.79)
87.7
(3.45)
50.0
(1.97)
22.4
(0.88)
1,512.9
(59.57)
Average relative humidity (%) 83 77 75 77 81 84 87 87 86 85 85 85 83
Source 1: China Meteorological Data Service Center
Source 2: Weather China (precipitation days 1971-2000)

Transport

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2009-01-29.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b "Area Code and Postal Code in Yunnan Province". Archived from the original on 2007-11-07. Retrieved 2009-01-30.
  3. ^ "国家统计局" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  4. ^ "Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden". Chinese Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  5. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2013). "Raorchestes menglaensis (Kou, 1990)". Amphibian Species of the World 5.6, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 9 November 2013.