Mile
弥勒市
弥勒市人民政府01.jpg
弥勒市庆来公园.jpg
弥勒市玉皇公园.jpg
弥勒市天际线01.jpg
From top, left to right:
Mile City government, Qinglai Park, Yuhuang Park, road crossing of Shangqing Road and Zhongshan Road
Mile is located in Yunnan
Mile
Mile
Location of the city center in Yunnan
Coordinates: 24°24′15″N 103°26′34″E / 24.40417°N 103.44278°E / 24.40417; 103.44278Coordinates: 24°24′15″N 103°26′34″E / 24.40417°N 103.44278°E / 24.40417; 103.44278
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
PrefectureHonghe
Area
 • County-level city4,004 km2 (1,546 sq mi)
Highest elevation
2,315 m (7,595 ft)
Lowest elevation
862 m (2,828 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • County-level city570,100
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
 • Rural
(2005)[1]
433,500
Postal code
652300
Area code(s)0873
Websitewww.mile.hh.gov.cn

Mile (Chinese: 弥勒市; pinyin: Mílè Shì; [mǐlɤ̂ ʂî]; Hani language: Miqleiq Siif; Yi: ꂱꇍꏃ) is a county-level city located in Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan province, China.[2] It is named after the Maitreya Buddha, for which there was a temple located on a nearby mountain,[3] making it the only city in China named after The Buddha.[4] It is a center for sugar and tobacco production in Yunnan.[1]

History

Mile has been known since at least 116 BC in written history. In 1290 it was established as a prefecture and in 1770 as a county.[1]

It is the birthplace of Ming dynasty politician Yang Shengwu (杨绳武), Qing dynasty merchant Wang Chi (zh:王炽) and Republic era general Zhang Chong and mathematician Xiong Qinglai.[5]

In 2014, Mile County was upgraded as a county level city.[4]

Administrative divisions

In the present, Mile City has 10 towns and 2 townships.[6]

10 towns
  • Miyang (弥阳镇)
  • Xinshao (新哨镇)
  • Hongxi (虹溪镇)
  • Zhuyuan (竹园镇)
  • Pengpu (朋普镇)
  • Xunjiansi (巡检司镇)
  • Xiyi (西一镇)
  • Xier (西二镇)
  • Xisan (西三镇)
  • Dongshan (东山镇)
2 townships

Demographics

Mile has a population of 570,100 as of 2021, including 44.9% ethnic minorities.[5]

The Mile County Gazetteer 弥勒县志 (1987:689-699) reports the following Yi subgroups.

The local Yi people have a ceremony to worship their fire god once a year.[8]

Climate

Climate data for Mile (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.0
(80.6)
29.6
(85.3)
32.2
(90.0)
35.0
(95.0)
35.8
(96.4)
34.1
(93.4)
33.5
(92.3)
32.4
(90.3)
33.2
(91.8)
30.5
(86.9)
28.5
(83.3)
26.0
(78.8)
35.8
(96.4)
Average high °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
20.4
(68.7)
24.3
(75.7)
27.6
(81.7)
27.9
(82.2)
27.2
(81.0)
26.8
(80.2)
27.0
(80.6)
26.0
(78.8)
23.3
(73.9)
20.4
(68.7)
17.5
(63.5)
23.8
(74.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
11.9
(53.4)
15.7
(60.3)
19.5
(67.1)
21.7
(71.1)
22.5
(72.5)
22.2
(72.0)
21.7
(71.1)
20.4
(68.7)
17.9
(64.2)
13.8
(56.8)
10.2
(50.4)
17.3
(63.1)
Average low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
5.2
(41.4)
8.3
(46.9)
12.5
(54.5)
16.6
(61.9)
18.9
(66.0)
18.8
(65.8)
18.1
(64.6)
16.6
(61.9)
14.2
(57.6)
9.1
(48.4)
4.9
(40.8)
12.3
(54.1)
Record low °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
−2.8
(27.0)
−3.9
(25.0)
4.4
(39.9)
4.8
(40.6)
12.7
(54.9)
13.8
(56.8)
12.4
(54.3)
8.7
(47.7)
4.7
(40.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
−4.6
(23.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15.7
(0.62)
18.8
(0.74)
22.3
(0.88)
35.9
(1.41)
96.5
(3.80)
165.2
(6.50)
184.1
(7.25)
148.4
(5.84)
99.6
(3.92)
73.3
(2.89)
39.9
(1.57)
13.6
(0.54)
913.3
(35.96)
Average relative humidity (%) 73 68 61 69 66 78 83 83 79 79 77 76 74
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

References

  1. ^ a b c d "弥勒县概况".
  2. ^ 弥勒县志 (in Chinese). 云南人民出版社. 1987.
  3. ^ 网易 (2021-01-25). "我国唯一以佛命名的城市-云南弥勒(图)". www.163.com. Retrieved 2021-11-30.
  4. ^ a b 严建著 (2018-07-01). 一路走来 (in Chinese). Beijing Book Co. Inc. ISBN 978-7-5482-3344-2.
  5. ^ a b "弥勒市情简介". 2021-07-05.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "国家统计局" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  7. ^ 杜玉亭著 (2015-06-01). 杜玉亭学术文选 (in Chinese). Beijing Book Co. Inc. ISBN 978-7-5482-1850-0.
  8. ^ 邢毅编著 (2015-04-01). 云南民族建筑 (in Chinese). Beijing Book Co. Inc. ISBN 978-7-5482-2227-9.