'Nickel Capital' (镍都)
Location of Jinchang City jurisdiction in Gansu
Location of Jinchang City jurisdiction in Gansu
Jinchang is located in Gansu
Location of the city centre in Gansu
Jinchang is located in China
Jinchang (China)
Coordinates (Jinchang municipal government): 38°31′17″N 102°11′17″E / 38.5214°N 102.1880°E / 38.5214; 102.1880
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Municipal seatJinchuan District
 • Prefecture-level city7,575 km2 (2,925 sq mi)
 • Urban
3,067 km2 (1,184 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,067 km2 (1,184 sq mi)
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city438,026
 • Density58/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density85/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density85/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Prefecture-level cityCN¥ 22.5 billion
US$ 3.6 billion
 • Per capitaCN¥ 47,739
US$ 7,665
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
ISO 3166 codeCN-GS-03

Jinchang (Chinese: 金昌; pinyin: Jīnchāng) is a prefecture-level city in the centre of Gansu province, People's Republic of China, bordering Inner Mongolia to the north. As of the 2020 Chinese census, its population was 438,026 inhabitants, of which 260,385 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of the Jinchuan District.


Jinchang City is located in central Gansu province, west of the Yellow River, north of the Qilian Mountains, and south of the Alashan Plateau. The southwest of the city borders Qinghai Province and the northwest borders Inner Mongolia. The area is 8,896 km2 (3,435 sq mi).


Jinchang is served by the Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway and the Jinchang Jinchuan Airport, opened in August 2011.


Jinchang has important archaeological sites from the Stone Age, a Western Han site, and sections of the Great Wall from the Han and Qing dynasties.


Jinchang has 1 district and 1 county[3][4][5] with a total population of 464,050,[3][6] half of which is urban.

Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area (km2) Density (/km2)
Jinchuan District 金川区 Jīnchuān Qū 228,561 3,060 74.69
Yongchang County 永昌县 Yǒngchāng Xiàn 235,489 5,867 40.13


Jinchang has a continental, semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with plenty of sunshine and a prevailing northwesterly wind throughout much of the year. Both diurnal and seasonal temperature variations are rather large, and springtime winds are often strong.[7]


The 2002 GDP was 4.5 billion RMB. The average urban income was 8,233 RMB while rural was 3,051 RMB. Agriculture and natural resource based industries are the key to Jinchang's economy. It is called China's 'Nickel Capital' (鎳都) and has an abundance of other mineral resources including quartz, iron, manganese, copper, cobalt, zinc, gold, tungsten, limestone, etc. Here placed Jinchuan Group. The installation of a solar farm in the western part of Jinchang with a rated capacity of 1 GW and of a solar production facility with 300 MW capacity has been announced in May 2012. [8]

Vegetable oil is its primary agricultural product.


Cultural sites such as the Han and Qing dynasty Great Walls are popular tourist sites. The relatively undeveloped natural environment is also a draw for tourists.


  1. ^ "China: Gānsù (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ 甘肃省统计局、国家统计局甘肃调查总队 (November 2016). 《甘肃发展年鉴-2016》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7894-0.
  3. ^ a b 金昌市历史沿革 (in Chinese (China)). 17 June 2016. 2010年第六次人口普查,金昌市常住总人口464050人,其中,金川区228561人,永昌县235489人
  4. ^ 2016年统计用区划代码 (in Chinese (China)). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 统计用区划代码 名称 620301000000 市辖区 620302000000 金川区 620321000000 永昌县
  5. ^ 位置、面积 (in Chinese (China)). Jinchang Government. 16 March 2017. 至2015年,金昌市辖一区一县。 金川区全区总面积3770平方公里,辖宁远堡、双湾两个镇、27个行政村(农村社区)和六个城区街道办事处、16个城市社区。永昌县辖6个镇4个乡,10社区,111个村民委员会
  6. ^ Main data bulletin of the sixth national census in 2010 Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine, 2011-05-09(in Chinese)
  7. ^ 甘肃省金昌市地方志编纂委员会 [Jinchang, Gansu Almanac Compilation Committee], ed. (1994). 《金昌市志》. 中国城市出版社. p. 18. ISBN 9787507406887.
  8. ^ "Chinese firm wins 1 GW solar boost for city | Renewable Energy Techno…". Archived from the original on 8 September 2012.