Qionghai
琼海市
Qionghai 03.jpg
Map showing entire Qionghai area within Hainan province
Map showing entire Qionghai area within Hainan province
Coordinates: 19°14′35″N 110°27′51″E / 19.24306°N 110.46417°E / 19.24306; 110.46417
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHainan
Township-level divisions12 towns
Municipal seatJiaji (嘉积镇)
Area
 • Total1,692 km2 (653 sq mi)
Elevation
22 m (73 ft)
Population
 (2010)
483,217
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
571400
Area code(s)0898
Licence plates琼C
Websitehttp://www.qionghai.gov.cn/

Qionghai, or in local Hainanese dialect as Kheng Hai, is one of the seven county-level cities of Hainan province, China. Although called a "city", Qionghai refers to a large land area in Hainan - an area which was once a county. Within this area is the main city, Qionghai City. It is located in the east of the island at the mouth of the Wanquan River, 86 kilometres (53 mi) from the provincial capital of Haikou. It has an area of 1,692 square kilometres (653 sq mi) and in 2010, it had a population of 483,217 people.

The seat of government is at Jiaji (simplified Chinese: 嘉积镇; traditional Chinese: 嘉積鎮; pinyin: Jiājī Zhèn), locally referred to as Kachek city. Bo'ao, seat of the Boao Forum for Asia, belongs to Qionghai.

The former counties of Qiongdong (postal: Kiungtung) and Lehui (樂㑹, postal: Lokwei) are now part of Qionghai City.

Climate

Qionghai has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen Am).[1] Monsoonal influences are strong, with a relatively lengthy wet season and a pronounced dry season (January to March). Rainfall is heaviest and most frequent from August to October, when typhoons may strike, and is otherwise still common throughout the year, averaging an annual total of 2,000 mm (79 in); there are 9.3 days with 50 mm (1.97 in) or more of rain. Humidity is consistently very high, with an average relative humidity of 85.8%. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 31% in February to 62% in July, the city receives 2,037 hours of bright sunshine annually; the city receives about only a third of possible sunshine from December thru February, while May thru July is the sunniest time of year.

Climate data for Qionghai (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.2
(88.2)
34.7
(94.5)
33.9
(93.0)
36.8
(98.2)
38.8
(101.8)
39.2
(102.6)
39.2
(102.6)
37.2
(99.0)
36.9
(98.4)
34.8
(94.6)
33.5
(92.3)
30.4
(86.7)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F) 22.8
(73.0)
24.1
(75.4)
26.8
(80.2)
30.0
(86.0)
32.2
(90.0)
33.2
(91.8)
33.3
(91.9)
32.8
(91.0)
31.5
(88.7)
29.2
(84.6)
26.5
(79.7)
23.7
(74.7)
28.8
(83.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
20.2
(68.4)
22.7
(72.9)
25.7
(78.3)
27.6
(81.7)
28.7
(83.7)
28.6
(83.5)
28.1
(82.6)
27.1
(80.8)
25.5
(77.9)
22.7
(72.9)
19.7
(67.5)
24.6
(76.3)
Average low °C (°F) 16.1
(61.0)
17.7
(63.9)
20.0
(68.0)
23.0
(73.4)
24.6
(76.3)
25.6
(78.1)
25.5
(77.9)
25.0
(77.0)
24.3
(75.7)
22.8
(73.0)
20.0
(68.0)
17.1
(62.8)
21.8
(71.3)
Record low °C (°F) 7.8
(46.0)
8.0
(46.4)
6.3
(43.3)
14.6
(58.3)
15.7
(60.3)
21.0
(69.8)
22.2
(72.0)
21.5
(70.7)
18.8
(65.8)
13.9
(57.0)
10.1
(50.2)
6.3
(43.3)
6.3
(43.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31.9
(1.26)
48.4
(1.91)
55.9
(2.20)
106.3
(4.19)
229.8
(9.05)
166.8
(6.57)
165.2
(6.50)
268.6
(10.57)
361.4
(14.23)
356.7
(14.04)
138.3
(5.44)
70.8
(2.79)
2,000.1
(78.75)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.6 11.1 10.1 12.1 15.0 14.6 12.9 17.9 17.5 16.5 13.4 10.8 162.5
Average relative humidity (%) 86 87 86 85 83 82 82 84 85 84 83 83 84
Mean monthly sunshine hours 116.3 101.6 150.3 181.4 219.3 225.3 251.4 215.4 179.8 162.5 121.1 112.2 2,036.6
Percent possible sunshine 34 31 41 48 55 57 62 54 49 45 36 33 46
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000),[2][3]

Administrative divisions

Qionghai is divided into 12 towns:[4]

  • Jiaji (嘉积镇)
  • Wanquan (万泉镇)
  • Shibi (石壁镇)
  • Zhongyuan (中原镇)
  • Bo'ao/Boao (博鳌镇)
  • Yangjiang (阳江镇)
  • Longjiang (龙江镇)
  • Tanmen (潭门镇)
  • Tayang (塔洋镇)
  • Changpo (长坡镇)
  • Dalu (大路镇)
  • Huishan (会山镇)

Other

Qionghai Police Station
Qionghai Police Station

The most famous dish of Qionghai is called Kazek Duck.

Qionghai is served by Qionghai Bo'ao Airport.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). Updated Asian Map of the Köppen climate classification system. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633-1644.
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  3. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  4. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:琼海市 (in Chinese (China)). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 2012-07-03. Retrieved 2013-02-10.