Rugao
如皋市
Viking Century Star (ship, 2003) 001.jpg
Rugao is located in Jiangsu
Rugao
Rugao
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 32°14′46″N 120°35′28″E / 32.246°N 120.591°E / 32.246; 120.591Coordinates: 32°14′46″N 120°35′28″E / 32.246°N 120.591°E / 32.246; 120.591[1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangsu
Prefecture-level cityNantong
Area
 • Total1,576.47 km2 (608.68 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,241,700
 • Density790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal Code
226500

Rugao (Chinese: 如皋; pinyin: Rúgāo) is a county-level city under the administration of Nantong, Jiangsu province, China, located in the Yangtze River Delta on the northern (left) bank of the river.

History

Map including Rugao (labeled as JU-KAO 如皋) (AMS, 1952)
Map including Rugao (labeled as JU-KAO 如皋) (AMS, 1952)

In 411, the western part of then Hailing (Taizhou) was separated from the county to create Rugao county, which named after a coastal village. During Sui dynasty, the county was merged into Ninghai county. Restored in 952, the county was transferred to then Tongzhou in 1724.[2] Around the 1930s, Rugao was the most populous county in then Jiangsu province.[3] Two county governments of the New Fourth Army were established in the then county: Ruxi (literally Western Rugao) and Rugao (1940–5, was renamed as Rudong by the CPC in November 1945 ), while the Tongzhou-Yangzhou Canal marked the boundary between the two regions, during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Ruxi succeed to the designation Rugao in 1945, the reshuffling of territory came true only in January 1949, when the CPC totally controlled the area. On 1 June 1990, with approval of the State Council, Rugao was turned into a county-level city, which went into effect in 1991.[2]

Administrative divisions

In the present, Rugao City has one subdistrict and 19 towns.[4]

1 subdistrict
19 towns
  • Chaiwan (柴湾镇)
  • Xue'an (雪岸镇)
  • Dongchen (东陈镇)
  • Dingyan (丁堰镇)
  • Baipu (白蒲镇)
  • Linzi (林梓镇)
  • Xiayuan (下原镇)
  • Jiuhua (九华镇)
  • Guoyuan (郭园镇)
  • Shizhuang (石庄镇)
  • Changjiang (长江镇)
  • Wuyao (吴窑镇)
  • Jiang'an (江安镇)
  • Gaoming (高明镇)
  • Changqing (常青镇)
  • Banjing (搬经镇)
  • Motou (磨头镇)
  • Taoyuan (桃园镇)
  • Yuanqiao (袁桥镇)

Education

Tourism

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Rugao" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ a b 中国历史地名大辞典 [The Great Encyclopaedia of Chinese Historical Toponyms]. p. 1154. ISBN 978-7-500-44929-4.
  3. ^ 江苏省志・人口志 [Jiangsu Provical Gazetteer, Volume on Demography]. Fangzhi Publishing House. pp. 90–8. ISBN 978-7-801-22526-9.
  4. ^ "南通市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.