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Jinzhong
晋中市
Kinchung
Hall of Great Accomplishment in the Confucious Temple of Pingyao
Hall of Great Accomplishment in the Confucious Temple of Pingyao
Location of Jinzhong City jurisdiction in Shanxi
Location of Jinzhong City jurisdiction in Shanxi
Jinzhong is located in Shanxi
Jinzhong
Jinzhong
Location of the city center in Shanxi
Coordinates (Jinzhong municipal government): 37°41′17″N 112°45′09″E / 37.6880°N 112.7526°E / 37.6880; 112.7526Coordinates: 37°41′17″N 112°45′09″E / 37.6880°N 112.7526°E / 37.6880; 112.7526
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShanxi
County-level divisions12
Municipal seatYuci District
Government
 • TypePrefecture-level city
 • CPC Jinzhong SecretaryZhang Pu (张璞)
 • MayorWu Qinghai (吴清海)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city16,408 km2 (6,335 sq mi)
 • Urban2,361 km2 (912 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,787 km2 (1,076 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census[2])
 • Prefecture-level city3,379,498
 • Density210/km2 (530/sq mi)
 • Urban1,226,617
 • Urban density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Metro
5,433,659
 • Metro density1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
030600
Area code(s)0354
ISO 3166 codeCN-SX-07
Licence plates晋K
Administrative division code140700
Websitesxjz.gov.cn
Jinzhong
Traditional Chinese晉中
Simplified Chinese晋中
Literal meaningCentral Jin
Yuci
Chinese榆次
Literal meaningElm Place

Jinzhong, formerly Yuci, is a prefecture-level city in east central Shanxi province of the People's Republic of China, bordering Hebei province to the east. As of the 2020 census, its total population was 3,379,498 inhabitants whom 1,226,617 lived in the Yuci and Taigu urban districts. However,5,433,659 lived in the built-up (or metro) area of Taiyuan - Jinzhong made of Yuci district plus the 6 Taiyuan urban districts, largely conurbated.[2]

History

Lingshi County was the location of the Nanshan Colliery disaster.

In 1999, the area was considered sufficiently urbanized that Jinzhong Prefecture became a prefecture-level city, with its former seat at Yuci becoming its county-level Yuci District.

Administrative divisions

Jinzhong is divided into the following county-level subdivisions:

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km2) Density (/km2)
Yuci District 榆次区 Yúcì Qū 530,000 1,327 399
Taigu District 太谷区 Tàigǔ Qū 280,000 1,034 271
Jiexiu City 介休市 Jièxiū Shì 380,000 743 511
Yushe County 榆社县 Yúshè Xiàn 140,000 1,651 85
Zuoquan County 左权县 Zuǒquán Xiàn 160,000 2,028 79
Heshun County 和顺县 Héshùn Xiàn 140,000 2,251 62
Xiyang County 昔阳县 Xīyáng Xiàn 230,000 1,943 118
Shouyang County 寿阳县 Shòuyáng Xiàn 210,000 2,111 99
Qi County 祁县 Qí Xiàn 260,000 854 304
Pingyao County 平遥县 Píngyáo Xiàn 490,000 1,260 389
Lingshi County 灵石县 Língshí Xiàn 240,000 1,206 199

Climate

Jinzhong has a continental, monsoon-influenced semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk),[3] with cold and very dry winters, and hot, humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −5.5 °C (22.1 °F) in January to 24.2 °C (75.6 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 10.39 °C (50.7 °F). Typifying the influence of the East Asian Monsoon, over two-thirds of the annual 388 millimetres (15.3 in) of precipitation occurs from June to September.

Climate data for Jinzhong (Yuci District), 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
5.8
(42.4)
11.9
(53.4)
20.0
(68.0)
25.6
(78.1)
29.3
(84.7)
30.4
(86.7)
28.5
(83.3)
24.1
(75.4)
17.9
(64.2)
9.7
(49.5)
3.2
(37.8)
17.4
(63.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−1.5
(29.3)
4.6
(40.3)
12.6
(54.7)
18.5
(65.3)
22.4
(72.3)
24.2
(75.6)
22.4
(72.3)
17.3
(63.1)
10.7
(51.3)
2.7
(36.9)
−3.7
(25.3)
10.4
(50.7)
Average low °C (°F) −11.2
(11.8)
−7.4
(18.7)
−1.6
(29.1)
5.4
(41.7)
11.4
(52.5)
15.9
(60.6)
18.9
(66.0)
17.4
(63.3)
11.8
(53.2)
4.9
(40.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
−8.9
(16.0)
4.5
(40.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.0
(0.08)
3.3
(0.13)
9.9
(0.39)
21.0
(0.83)
37.2
(1.46)
52.2
(2.06)
81.9
(3.22)
87.8
(3.46)
54.0
(2.13)
27.0
(1.06)
9.9
(0.39)
1.7
(0.07)
387.9
(15.28)
Average relative humidity (%) 47 45 44 42 48 56 67 71 69 62 55 50 55
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4]

Transportation

Culture

The prefecture-level city houses several Shanxi Courtyard Houses, businessmen's residences lauded as outstanding civilian residences.

Yuci District is increasingly connected to nearby Taiyuan, whose built-up area was home to 3,848,151 people in 2010.

Sister Cities

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References

  1. ^ a b c d Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 46. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b "China: Shānxī (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  3. ^ Peel, M. C., Finlayson, B. L., and McMahon, T. A.: Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633-1644, doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007, 2007.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data. China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2018-11-09.