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Jiayuguan
嘉峪关市
Chia-yü-kuan
Taolai River in the city
Taolai River in the city
Location of Jiayuguan City jurisdiction in Gansu
Location of Jiayuguan City jurisdiction in Gansu
Jiayuguan is located in Gansu
Jiayuguan
Jiayuguan
Location of the city center in Gansu
Jiayuguan is located in China
Jiayuguan
Jiayuguan
Jiayuguan (China)
Coordinates (Jiayuguan municipal government): 39°46′24″N 98°17′18″E / 39.7732°N 98.2882°E / 39.7732; 98.2882Coordinates: 39°46′24″N 98°17′18″E / 39.7732°N 98.2882°E / 39.7732; 98.2882
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGansu
Municipal seatGangcheng Subdistrict
Area
 • Prefecture-level city1,224 km2 (473 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,224 km2 (473 sq mi)
 • Metro
4,577 km2 (1,767 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city312,663
 • Density260/km2 (660/sq mi)
 • Urban
312,663
 • Urban density260/km2 (660/sq mi)
 • Metro
768,274
 • Metro density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
735100
ISO 3166 codeCN-GS-02
Websitewww.jyg.gansu.gov.cn

Jiayuguan (simplified Chinese: 嘉峪关; traditional Chinese: 嘉峪關; pinyin: Jiāyùguān Shì, audio ) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Gansu province, with a population of 312,663 as of the 2020 census. Compared with the 231,853 people in the sixth national census in 2010, there was an increase of 80,810 people, with an average annual increase of 3.04%.[2] Its built-up (or metro) area was home to 768,274 inhabitants made of Jiayuguan City and Suzhou urban district of Jiuquan City now being conurbated.[3] It is named after the nearby Jiayu Pass, the largest and most intact pass of the Great Wall of China.

Jiayuguan is a major industrial city. It was established in 1958, following the establishment of Jiuquan Steel Company, the largest steel company in Gansu. Mining and mineral processing are the primary industries of the city. By area, it is by far the smallest prefecture-level division of Gansu.

The fortress at Jiayuguan is situated at the end of the portion of the Great Wall of China which was built by the Ming Dynasty, in the 14th century.[4]

Administration

Jiayuguan Fort
Jiayuguan Fort

As 2019, Jiayuguan City is underdivided to 3 districts and 3 towns.[5]

Districts
Towns

Jiayuguan is divided into 2 subdistricts and 3 towns.

Map
Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin
Xiongguan Subdistrict 雄关街道 Xióngguān Jiēdào
Gangcheng Subdistrict 长城街道 Gāngchéng Jiēdào
Xincheng town 新城镇 Xīnchéng Zhèn
Yuquan town 峪泉镇 Yùquán Zhèn
Wenshu town 文殊镇 Wénshū Zhèn

Formerly, Jiayuguan had 3 management districts and further divided into 3 towns with a total population of 231,853 (2010).[6]

Map
Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Town
Xiongguan District 雄关区 Xióngguān Qū Yuquan town (峪泉镇; Yùquán Zhèn)
Changcheng District 长城区 Chángchéng Qū Xincheng town (新城镇; Xīnchéng Zhèn)
Jingtie District 镜铁区 Jìngtiě Qū Wenshu town (文殊镇; Wénshū Zhèn)

Transport

Jiayuguan is served by China National Highway 312, and the Lanzhou-Xinjiang and Jiayuguan-Ceke Railways. A 69-km-long branch railway, the Jiajing Railway (嘉镜铁路), runs from Jiayuguan to Jingtieshan (镜铁山矿区).

Jiayuguan is served by the Jiayuguan Airport that offers direct air services to Xi'an on Shanghai Airlines and Beijing on Air China.

Climate

Jiayuguan has a cool arid climate (Köppen BWk), in common with most of northwestern China. Summers feature pleasant mornings and very warm afternoons, whilst winters are freezing to frigid though with essentially no snow due to the extreme aridity produced by the Siberian High.

Climate data for Jiayuguan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −2
(28)
3
(38)
11
(51)
17
(63)
22
(72)
27
(81)
29
(84)
28
(83)
23
(73)
16
(60)
6
(42)
0
(32)
15
(59)
Average low °C (°F) −16
(3)
−12
(11)
−4
(25)
2
(36)
8
(46)
13
(55)
15
(59)
14
(58)
8
(47)
1
(33)
−7
(20)
−13
(9)
1
(34)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 0
(0)
0.25
(0.1)
0.51
(0.2)
0.51
(0.2)
0.76
(0.3)
1.0
(0.4)
1.8
(0.7)
2.8
(1.1)
0.51
(0.2)
0
(0)
0.25
(0.1)
0.25
(0.1)
8.64
(3.4)
Source: Weatherbase [7]

References

  1. ^ "China: Gānsù (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ "嘉峪关市第七次全国人口普查公报". tjj.jyg.gov.cn. Retrieved 2022-04-28.
  3. ^ "China: Gānsù (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  4. ^ Gore, Rick (March 1980). "Journey to China's Far West". National Geographic. Vol. 157, no. 3. p. 314. ISSN 0027-9358. OCLC 643483454.
  5. ^ "统计用区划代码 www.stats.gov.cn" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2020-12-27.
  6. ^ Main data bulletin of the sixth national census in 2010 Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine, 2011-09-05(in Chinese)
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Jiayuguan, China". 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.