Beihai
北海
Bwzhaij
Pakhoi
Beihai Silver Beach
Beihai Silver Beach
Location of Beihai in Guangxi
Location of Beihai in Guangxi
Coordinates (Beihai government): 21°28′52″N 109°07′12″E / 21.481°N 109.120°E / 21.481; 109.120Coordinates: 21°28′52″N 109°07′12″E / 21.481°N 109.120°E / 21.481; 109.120
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionGuangxi
Municipal seatHaicheng District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city3,337 km2 (1,288 sq mi)
Elevation
21 m (69 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city1,539,300
 • Density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
572,000
 • Metro
405,600
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
536000
Area code779
ISO 3166 codeCN-GX-05
Vehicle registration桂E
Websitebeihai.gov.cn
Beihai
BH name.svg
"Beihai", as written in Chinese
Chinese name
Chinese北海
PostalPakhoi
Literal meaningnorth of the sea
Zhuang name
ZhuangBwzhaij
1957 orthographyBɯƨhaiз

Beihai (Chinese: 北海; pinyin: Běihǎi; Postal romanization: Pakhoi[1]) is a prefecture-level city in the south of Guangxi, People's Republic of China. Its status as a seaport on the north shore of the Gulf of Tonkin has granted it historical importance as a port of international trade for Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, and Yunnan.[2] Between the years 2006 and 2020, Beihai is predicted to be the world's fastest growing city.[3] Beihai has a large shipyard, but most of the money generated in the city is derived from trade.

In addition, it governs the small islands of Weizhou and Xieyang, and is directly west of Leizhou Peninsula.

Subdivisions

Beihai contains three districts and one county, which are subdivided into five urban sub-districts, 23 towns, 3 townships, 87 neighborhood committees, 343 village committees. (see also Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China#Levels)

Map

History

French Indochina postage stamps for use in Beihai (Pakhoi)
French Indochina postage stamps for use in Beihai (Pakhoi)

After the 1876 Sino-British Treaty of Yantai, eight Western nations (the UK, US, Germany, Austria-Hungary, France, Italy, Portugal, and Belgium) set up consulates, hospitals, churches, schools, and maritime customs. Today, 15 of these western buildings remain in Beihai. It officially became an international tourist spot (旅游对外开放城市) in 1982.

City timeline

Climate

Beihai has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with mild to warm winters and long, hot (but not especially) summers, and very humid conditions year-round. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 14.6 °C (58.3 °F) in January to 29.0 °C (84.2 °F) in July, while extremes have ranged from 2.6 to 37.1 °C (37 to 99 °F). Rain is both the heaviest and most frequent from June to September, when 70% of the annual rainfall also occurs. This is in contrast to the autumn and winter months, where only 20 to 40 millimetres (0.79 to 1.57 in) of rain falls per month. The area receives about 2,000 hours of sunshine annually.[2]

Climate data for Beihai (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
29.9
(85.8)
31.5
(88.7)
33.4
(92.1)
35.8
(96.4)
36.2
(97.2)
36.2
(97.2)
37.1
(98.8)
36.4
(97.5)
34.7
(94.5)
32.0
(89.6)
28.8
(83.8)
37.1
(98.8)
Average high °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
19.7
(67.5)
22.5
(72.5)
27.0
(80.6)
30.4
(86.7)
31.6
(88.9)
32.0
(89.6)
31.8
(89.2)
31.2
(88.2)
29.1
(84.4)
25.3
(77.5)
21.2
(70.2)
26.7
(80.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
15.9
(60.6)
18.9
(66.0)
23.4
(74.1)
26.8
(80.2)
28.6
(83.5)
29.0
(84.2)
28.5
(83.3)
27.4
(81.3)
24.8
(76.6)
20.7
(69.3)
16.6
(61.9)
22.9
(73.3)
Average low °C (°F) 11.8
(53.2)
13.4
(56.1)
16.3
(61.3)
20.9
(69.6)
24.1
(75.4)
26.1
(79.0)
26.4
(79.5)
25.8
(78.4)
24.6
(76.3)
21.8
(71.2)
17.5
(63.5)
13.5
(56.3)
20.2
(68.3)
Record low °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
2.6
(36.7)
3.5
(38.3)
9.6
(49.3)
15.0
(59.0)
19.9
(67.8)
22.2
(72.0)
18.7
(65.7)
16.1
(61.0)
12.0
(53.6)
6.4
(43.5)
2.6
(36.7)
2.6
(36.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 33.9
(1.33)
41.5
(1.63)
59.0
(2.32)
77.8
(3.06)
131.9
(5.19)
285.4
(11.24)
394.8
(15.54)
395.3
(15.56)
215.5
(8.48)
79.6
(3.13)
38.3
(1.51)
22.2
(0.87)
1,775.2
(69.86)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.5 11.6 12.3 11.4 11.7 14.0 14.9 18.2 13.3 8.5 5.3 5.3 135.0
Average relative humidity (%) 78 83 84 84 81 82 82 84 81 76 73 72 80
Source 1: China Meteorological Data Service Center
Source 2: Weather China[2](precipitation days 1971-2000)

Language

Yue Language

Hakka Language

Min Language

Others

Mandarin is of increasing prevalence as a result of the Chinese government's general promotion of it.

Transportation

Air transportation

Beihai is served by Beihai Fucheng Airport (BHY). It serves domestic destinations and also Hong Kong.

Rail

Beihai is served by a railway branch from Nanning. There are passenger trains to Nanning and Guilin.[4] At the end of 2013, the introduction of high-speed (D-series) train service to Beihai was announced as well.[5]

Road

References

  1. ^ Theodore Shabad (1956). China's Changing Map: A Political and Economic Geography of the Chinese People's Republic. New York: Frederick A. Praeger. p. 166. LCCN 55-11530. OCLC 916993074. With the exception of Shiukwan on the Canton-Hankow railroad, Kwangtung’s regional centers are situated along the coast, notably in the Canton delta. There, in addition to Canton, are the cities of Fatshan, Kongmoon and Shekki. The metropolis of western Kwangtung is Tsamkong, and Pakhoi is the chief town of the western panhandle.
  2. ^ a b c 北海城市介绍 (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
  3. ^ City Mayors: World's fastest growing urban areas
  4. ^ Beihai train schedule (in Chinese)
  5. ^ 广西再开通运营9对动车组 陈武宣布高铁开通. huochepiao.com. 2013-12-31. Archived from the original on 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2014-01-02. (Guangxi opens new CRH service, with 9 pairs of train a day. Chen Wu announces the opening of high-speed service), 2013-12-31