Longsheng County
龙胜县
Lungzhingz Yen
Lungsheng
Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County
龙胜各族自治县
Lungzhingz Gakcuz Swciyen
1 longsheng ping an rice terrace 2011.jpg
Longsheng is located in Guangxi
Longsheng
Longsheng
Location of the seat in Guangxi
Coordinates: 25°47′53″N 110°00′40″E / 25.798°N 110.011°E / 25.798; 110.011
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionGuangxi
Prefecture-level cityGuilin
Area
 • Total2,537 km2 (980 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Longsheng Various Nationalities (Gezu) Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 龙胜各族自治县; traditional Chinese: 龍勝各族自治縣; pinyin: Lóngshèng Gèzú Zìzhìxiàn; Zhuang: Lungzhingz Gakcuz Swciyen; usually referred to as "Longsheng County" 龙胜县; 龍勝縣) is a county in the northeast of Guangxi, China, bordering Hunan Province to the north. It is under the administration of Guilin City. The county covers 2,538 km2 (980 sq mi), and as of 2019 it had a census registered population of 186,000. The county has six towns and four townships under its jurisdiction, the county seat is the town of Longsheng.

Administrative divisions

As of 2020, Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County has six towns and four townships under its jurisdiction.[1] The county seat is Longsheng Town.[citation needed]

Name Chinese character[1] Area (Km2)[citation needed] Population (2018)[citation needed] Notes
Longsheng 龙胜镇 320 37,000
Piaoli 瓢里镇 207.82 14,944
Sanmen 三门镇 327.88 14,500
Longji 龙脊镇 273.34 16,000
Pingdeng 平等镇 365 28,800
Lejiang 乐江镇 227.88 19039
Sishui Township 泗水乡 167.8 13,000
Jiangdi Township 江底乡 251.17 8,900
Madi Township 马堤乡 141.48 15,100
Weijiang Township 伟江乡 170.6 9,700

Geography

Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County is located in northeastern Guangxi. Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County shares a border with Rong'an County and Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County to the southwest, Tongdao Dong Autonomous County to the northwest, Xing'an County and Ziyuan County to the east, Chengbu Miao Autonomous County to the north, and Lingchuan County and Lingui District to the south.

Mountains

There are more than 21 mountains over 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) above sea level in Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County.[2] The highest point in the count is the Great South Mountain (Chinese: 大南山) which stands 1,940 metres (6,360 ft) above sea level.[2] The lowest point is Shimentang (石门塘), which, at 163 metres (535 ft) above sea level.[2]

Rivers and Streams

There are over 480 rivers and streams in Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County.[2] Sang River is the largest river in the county.[2]

Climate

Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County enjoys a subtropical humid monsoon climate, with an average annual temperature of 18.1 °C (64.6 °F), total annual rainfall of 1,500-millimetre (59 in) to 2,400-millimetre (94 in), and a frost-free period of 314 days. The warmest temperature recorded in Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County, on July 30, 1962, is 39.5 °C (103.1 °F). Its record low temperature is −4.8 °C (23.4 °F) observed on January 30, 1977.

Climate data for Longsheng (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
30.0
(86.0)
35.1
(95.2)
35.7
(96.3)
34.9
(94.8)
37.0
(98.6)
38.9
(102.0)
38.0
(100.4)
37.5
(99.5)
35.5
(95.9)
31.2
(88.2)
27.0
(80.6)
38.9
(102.0)
Average high °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
14.0
(57.2)
17.9
(64.2)
23.7
(74.7)
27.5
(81.5)
30.1
(86.2)
31.9
(89.4)
32.6
(90.7)
30.4
(86.7)
25.6
(78.1)
20.6
(69.1)
15.3
(59.5)
23.5
(74.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
10.0
(50.0)
13.6
(56.5)
18.8
(65.8)
22.6
(72.7)
25.4
(77.7)
26.8
(80.2)
26.6
(79.9)
24.1
(75.4)
19.7
(67.5)
14.8
(58.6)
9.8
(49.6)
18.3
(65.0)
Average low °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
7.4
(45.3)
10.6
(51.1)
15.5
(59.9)
19.1
(66.4)
22.2
(72.0)
23.5
(74.3)
23.1
(73.6)
20.3
(68.5)
16.1
(61.0)
11.1
(52.0)
6.3
(43.3)
15.0
(59.1)
Record low °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
−1.9
(28.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.2
(39.6)
9.3
(48.7)
12.5
(54.5)
17.1
(62.8)
17.6
(63.7)
12.4
(54.3)
4.1
(39.4)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.7
(25.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58.8
(2.31)
80.0
(3.15)
106.1
(4.18)
151.7
(5.97)
262.2
(10.32)
282.2
(11.11)
213.4
(8.40)
150.6
(5.93)
71.0
(2.80)
66.2
(2.61)
66.6
(2.62)
41.6
(1.64)
1,550.4
(61.04)
Average relative humidity (%) 80 80 80 81 83 84 84 83 80 80 78 77 81
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Demographics

By the end of 2019, there were 186,000 people lived in Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County, among them, 150,300 are agricultural population and 127,600 are ethnic minorities.[3]

Ethnic groups

There are five nationalities in Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County: the Miao, Yao, Dong, Zhuang and Han.[3] According to 2010 census, the county is mostly populated by ethnic Dong (26.5%), with a sizeable population of ethnic Zhuang (22%), Yao (17%) and Miao (15%).[citation needed]

Dong people

The Dong people of Longsheng County are largely concentrated in 23 villages throughout the county.[4]

Miao people

The Miao people of Longsheng County are largely concentrated in 13 villages throughout the county: Niutou (Chinese: 牛头), Zhangjia (Chinese: 张家), Longjia (Chinese: 龙家), Lishi (Chinese: 里市), Dongsheng (Chinese: 东升), Yangwan (Chinese: 洋湾), Furong (Chinese: 芙蓉), Bunong (Chinese: 布弄), Zhongdong (Chinese: 中洞), Limu (Chinese: 里木), Conglin (Chinese: 从林), Dawan (Chinese: 大湾), and Liangping (Chinese: 凉坪).[4]

Yao people

The Yao people of Longsheng County are largely concentrated in 13 villages throughout the county.[4] In the eastern part, the Yao live in the villages of Zhonglu (Chinese: 中禄), Dazhai (Chinese: 大寨), Xiaozhai (Chinese: 小寨), Pannei (Chinese: 潘内), Ximen (Chinese: 细门), Zhoujia (Chinese: 周家), Jianxin (Chinese: 建新), Lijiang (Chinese: 李江), and Qinling (Chinese: 秦岭).[4] In the northern part, the Yao live in the villages of Liuli (Chinese: 琉璃) and Tongluo (Chinese: 铜锣).[4] In the southern part, the Yao live in the villages of Tonglie (Chinese: 同列) and Tandi (Chinese: 滩底).[4]

The subgroups of the Yao people of Longsheng County include the Pan Yao (Chinese: 盘瑶), Red Yao [zh] (Chinese: 红瑶) (Younuo), and the Flowery Yao (Chinese: 花瑶).[citation needed]

Zhuang people

The Zhuang people of Longsheng County are largely concentrated in 17 villages in the western portion of the county: Longji (Chinese: 龙脊), Ping'an (Chinese: 平安), Jinjiang (Chinese: 金江), Haijiang (Chinese: 海江), Baishi (Chinese: 白石), Daliu (Chinese: 大柳), Shuangdong (Chinese: 双洞), Jinjie (Chinese: 金结), Pingye (Chinese: 平也), Dayun (Chinese: 大云), Jiaozhou (Chinese: 交州), Liuman (Chinese: 六漫), Silong (Chinese: 思陇), Meidong (Chinese: 梅洞), Menghua (Chinese: 孟化), Hongzhai (Chinese: 洪寨), and Huaqiao (Chinese: 花桥).[4]

Language

Mandarin is the official language.[citation needed] Local residents exclusively speak native languages at home.[citation needed]

Religion

The Miao, Yao, Dong and Zhuang people believe in animism and worship ancestors.[citation needed] Buddhism and Taoism are widespread religions of Han Chinese in Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County.[citation needed]

Transport

The China National Highway 321, commonly referred to as "G321", is a southeast-northwest highway passing through the county's downtown, commercial, and industrial districts in the western part of Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County.[citation needed]

The G65 Baotou–Maoming Expressway, more commonly known as "Bao-Mao Expressway", runs from the northwest to southeast of Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County.[citation needed]

Tourism

Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County is known worldwide for the Longsheng Rice Terraces.[citation needed] Major tourist destinations include Yulongtan Scenic Spot (玉龙滩旅游风景区), Huaping National Nature Reserve (花坪国家级自然保护区), Baimian Yao Village (白面瑶寨), Longsheng Hot Spring (龙胜温泉), Weijiang Rice Terraces (伟江梯田), and Xiabilin Waterfall (下碧林瀑布).[citation needed] The county boasts many cultural and historical relics, including the Shunfeng Bridge (顺风桥; also known as "Red Army Bridge") and the Pan Village Wind-rain Bridge (潘寨风雨桥).[citation needed]

Gallery


References

  1. ^ a b 2020年统计用区划代码 [2020 Statistical Division Codes] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2020. Archived from the original on 2021-03-28. Retrieved 2021-03-28.
  2. ^ a b c d e Yang Tongming 2007, p. 2.
  3. ^ a b 龙胜各族自治县人口与民族情况. glls.gov.cn (in Chinese). 20 May 2020. Retrieved 15 November 2020.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g 第一节 人口 [Section 1 Population]. gxdqw.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2021-03-28.

Bibliography