Jinxiu County
金秀县 · Ginhsiu Swciyen
金秀瑶族自治县 · Ginhsiu Yauzcuz Swciyen
Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County
Jinxiu is located in Guangxi
Jinxiu
Jinxiu
Location of the seat in Guangxi
Coordinates: 24°07′N 110°11′E / 24.117°N 110.183°E / 24.117; 110.183Coordinates: 24°07′N 110°11′E / 24.117°N 110.183°E / 24.117; 110.183
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionGuangxi
Prefecture-level cityLaibin
Township-level divisions3 towns
7 townships
County seatJinxiu (金秀镇)
Area
 • Total2,517 km2 (972 sq mi)
Elevation
787 m (2,582 ft)
Population
 (2004)
 • Total150,000
 • Density60/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Jinxiu (Chinese: 金秀; pinyin: Jīnxiù; Zhuang: Ginhsiu) is a county of eastern Guangxi, China, located in an area of relatively high concentrations of the Yao people. It is administered as the Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County of Laibin City. Established in 1952, with the name of Dayaoshan Autonomous Zone, in 1966, it was renamed as Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County. It has an area of 2,517 square kilometres (972 sq mi), much of it mountainous, and a population in 2004 of approximately 150,000.

Administrative divisions

The county administers 3 towns and 7 townships:[1]

Towns:

Townships:

Ethnic groups

Practically isolated from the outside world until the 1930s, Jinxiu was inhabited by five different branches of Yao: Chashan 茶山, Ao 坳, Hualan 花蓝, Pan 盘, and Shanzi 山子. The first three branches (Chashan 茶山, Ao 坳, Hualan 花蓝) were considered the owners of the lands, as the dates of their first arrivals are estimated at around 1,000 years ago. They lived in settled villages and enjoyed some economic stability. The Pan 盘 and Shanzi 山子 are more recent arrivals, and they lived as tenants of the other established Yao people, living a nomadic life that did not allow them to accumulate many material possessions.

Languages

The languages spoken by each five Yao groups are as follows (L.-Thongkum 1993). Unless indicated otherwise, all locations are in Jinxiu County.

Additionally, Jiongnai is spoken in Liuxiang 六巷乡, and Longhua 龙化村 of Changdong 长垌乡. Mao Zongwu (2004) notes that Jiongnai speakers are also given the exonym "Hualan Yao" 花蓝瑶.

L.-Thongkum (1993:170) proposes the following classification scheme for the languages of the four Mienic-speaking groups, which go back to what she calls the Proto-Mjuenic language.

Climate

Climate data for Jinxiu (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
28.2
(82.8)
30.7
(87.3)
31.8
(89.2)
32.7
(90.9)
31.9
(89.4)
33.7
(92.7)
33.7
(92.7)
33.3
(91.9)
29.9
(85.8)
27.6
(81.7)
25.6
(78.1)
33.7
(92.7)
Average high °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
15.0
(59.0)
18.3
(64.9)
22.4
(72.3)
25.5
(77.9)
27.3
(81.1)
28.4
(83.1)
28.6
(83.5)
26.9
(80.4)
24.2
(75.6)
20.3
(68.5)
16.3
(61.3)
22.2
(72.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.1
(52.0)
14.4
(57.9)
18.6
(65.5)
21.5
(70.7)
23.5
(74.3)
24.3
(75.7)
23.8
(74.8)
21.8
(71.2)
18.6
(65.5)
14.4
(57.9)
10.4
(50.7)
17.6
(63.7)
Average low °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
8.1
(46.6)
11.3
(52.3)
15.6
(60.1)
18.4
(65.1)
20.7
(69.3)
21.4
(70.5)
20.7
(69.3)
18.5
(65.3)
15.0
(59.0)
10.5
(50.9)
6.3
(43.3)
14.4
(57.8)
Record low °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−3.0
(26.6)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.3
(37.9)
7.5
(45.5)
11.3
(52.3)
14.0
(57.2)
15.1
(59.2)
10.4
(50.7)
2.5
(36.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
−5.5
(22.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 59.1
(2.33)
71.4
(2.81)
91.1
(3.59)
134.6
(5.30)
240.1
(9.45)
279.4
(11.00)
275.2
(10.83)
265.4
(10.45)
149.5
(5.89)
71.9
(2.83)
54.1
(2.13)
30.3
(1.19)
1,722.1
(67.8)
Average relative humidity (%) 81 83 83 83 83 84 82 84 83 80 77 76 82
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Notes

  1. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:金秀瑶族自治县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on February 19, 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
  2. ^ a b c d e 广西瑶族社会历史调查 (2009).
  3. ^ Also spoken in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand

References