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Yulin
玉林市 • Yilinz Si
Watlam
Yulin in 2006
Yulin in 2006
Location of Yulin City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Location of Yulin City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Coordinates (Yulin municipal government): 22°39′14″N 110°10′52″E / 22.654°N 110.181°E / 22.654; 110.181Coordinates: 22°39′14″N 110°10′52″E / 22.654°N 110.181°E / 22.654; 110.181
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionGuangxi
Municipal seatYuzhou District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city12,828 km2 (4,953 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,237 km2 (478 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,689.4 km2 (1,424.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city5,796,766
 • Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,226,830
 • Urban density990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
 • Metro
2,438,467
 • Metro density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
537000
Area code(s)0775
ISO 3166 codeCN-GX-09
Websiteyulin.gov.cn

Yulin (Chinese: 玉林; pinyin: Yùlín; lit. 'Jade Forest', 鬱林), alternately romanized as Watlam, is one of the fourteen prefecture-level cities of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. Its Chinese name was changed in 1956 from the historical name "" (pinyin: Yùlín; lit. 'Dense Forest'), which is homophonous in Standard Mandarin, but different in the local dialect of Yue Chinese; "" is [uat˥] while "" is [ȵok˨].[2] The former romanization follows the pronunciation of the historical name in Yue Chinese. Its built-up area is made of two urban districts, and Beiliu City was home to 2,438,467 inhabitants as of 2020 census.

Geography and climate

Map including Yulin (labeled as YÜ-LIN (WATLAM) 鬱林) (AMS, 1954)
Map including Yulin (labeled as YÜ-LIN (WATLAM) 鬱林) (AMS, 1954)

Yulin is located in southeastern Guangxi province along the border with Guangdong. It is a hilly basin with a total area of 12,838 km2 (4,957 sq mi).

Yulin's climate is subtropical and monsoonal. Average annual temperatures is 22.9 °C. Yearly precipitation is 1,577 mm.

Climate data for Yulin (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
18.8
(65.8)
21.7
(71.1)
26.6
(79.9)
30.4
(86.7)
32.2
(90.0)
33.2
(91.8)
33.1
(91.6)
31.8
(89.2)
29.3
(84.7)
25.1
(77.2)
20.8
(69.4)
26.8
(80.2)
Average low °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
12.3
(54.1)
15.3
(59.5)
20.0
(68.0)
22.9
(73.2)
24.8
(76.6)
25.3
(77.5)
25.3
(77.5)
23.7
(74.7)
20.4
(68.7)
15.7
(60.3)
11.4
(52.5)
19.0
(66.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 59
(2.3)
68
(2.7)
83
(3.3)
158
(6.2)
244
(9.6)
256
(10.1)
246
(9.7)
191
(7.5)
137
(5.4)
60
(2.4)
44
(1.7)
31
(1.2)
1,577
(62.1)
Source: National Meteorological Center of CMA[3]

History

Artifacts suggest that the area was settled before the Qin dynasty but a commandery by the name of Yulin was not established until early Han dynasty. The urban centre of Yulin became a zhou in 996 AD. Since ancient times, Yulin has been important for trade and communications between central China and the south, especially along the coast of the Tonkin Gulf.

Administration

Yulin has two districts, one city, four counties, and 119 towns and townships.

Districts:

County-level City:

Counties:

Demographics:

Map

Language and culture

Some Chinese linguists have suggested that the Yulin dialect is the best surviving example of what ancient spoken Chinese would have sounded like based on rhyme patterns in Tang dynasty poetry.[citation needed]

Dog meat festival

Main article: Lychee and Dog Meat Festival

Yulin is also known for its annual dog meat festival which takes place on 21 June. Over 10,000 dogs are killed at this festival for human consumption. Reports of inhumane treatment, including torture, caused celebrities and others to protest against the festival.[4]

Economy

Yulin is rich in natural resources. Important mineral resources include granite, limestone, iron, and gemstones. It is also Guangxi's biggest source of porcelain clay. Major agricultural products are rice, bananas, tomatoes, mandarin oranges, mangoes, longan, anise, tea, sugarcane, livestock such as cattle, pigs, geese, chickens and dogs. Industrial goods include machinery, construction materials, processed food, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, cigarettes, and ceramics.

Transportation

Yulin is where the G59 Hohhot–Beihai Expressway and G80 Guangzhou–Kunming Expressway intersect, and there are also provincial highways and "not tolled" roads available.[A]

Yulin is served by Yulin railway station, which sees both high-speed and conventional services. Typical trains take approximately 2 hours to reach Nanning.

Yulin is served by Yulin Fumian Airport, which opened in August 2020.

Education

Yulin is home to Yulin Normal University, where there are 13 departments with 38 four-year undergraduate specialties, 14 three-year specialties, more than 17,200 students including 12,000 full-time students and 5,200 higher education students.

Guangxi Yulin High School[5] is a high-level key middle school in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and an advanced unit of national spiritual civilization construction. It is also the first demonstration ordinary high school in Guangxi.

Notes

  1. ^ Chinese highways without any divided carriageway are not allowed to have any toll booths

References

  1. ^ "China: Guăngxī (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ 郁南(鬱南)的「郁」和玉林(鬱林)的「玉」在粤语读音上有没有区别?. Zhihu (in Chinese). 5 September 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2017.
  3. ^ "玉林-天气预报". China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
  4. ^ "Dog-lovers v dog-eaters: Pet food". The Economist. 20 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  5. ^ (Beta版)玉林高中-Guangxi Yulin High School. www.gxylgz.cn (in Simplified Chinese). Retrieved 2018-07-04.