Xiaogan
孝感市
Siaokan
view west towards city
view west towards city's south central area
Location of Xiaogan City in Hubei and the PRC
Location of Xiaogan City in Hubei and the PRC
Xiaogan is located in Hubei
Xiaogan
Xiaogan
Location of the city centre in Hubei
Coordinates (Xiaogan municipal government): 30°55′05″N 113°57′25″E / 30.918°N 113.957°E / 30.918; 113.957Coordinates: 30°55′05″N 113°57′25″E / 30.918°N 113.957°E / 30.918; 113.957
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHubei
Municipal seatXiaonnan District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city8,922.72 km2 (3,445.08 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,034.8 km2 (399.5 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,034.8 km2 (399.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city4,270,371
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
988,479
 • Urban density960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Metro
988,479
 • Metro density960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
432100
Area code(s)712
ISO 3166 codeCN-HB-09
Websitewww.xiaogan.gov.cn

Xiaogan (Chinese: 孝感; pinyin: Xiàogǎn) is a prefecture-level city in east-central Hubei province, People's Republic of China, some 60 kilometres (37 mi) northwest of the provincial capital of Wuhan. According to the 2020 census, its population totaled 4,270,371, of whom 988,479 lived in the built-up (or metro) area of Xiaonan District.

The city name Xiaogan, meaning Filial Piety Moves Tian (Chinese: ), is from the story of Dong Yong (Chinese: 董永), who sold himself for his father's funeral, in The Twenty-four Filial Exemplars.[2]

The Sheshui River originates in Xiaogan's Dawu County. On the third day of the third month of the lunar calendar, many in Wuhan eat 'di cai zhu ji dan' (地菜煮鸡蛋) which is supposed to prevent illness in the coming year. This practice is related to a story involving Shennong in Xiaogan.[3]

Administrative divisions

Map of Xiaogan (labeled as HSIAO-KAN (SIAOKAN) 孝感) and nearby areas (1953)
Map of Xiaogan (labeled as HSIAO-KAN (SIAOKAN) 孝感) and nearby areas (1953)

Since 2000, Xiaogan has been divided into 1 district, 3 county-level cites and 3 counties:[4][5]

Map

Geography

Climate data for Xiaogan (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.8
(46.0)
10.4
(50.7)
14.9
(58.8)
21.7
(71.1)
26.7
(80.1)
29.7
(85.5)
32.2
(90.0)
32.0
(89.6)
28.2
(82.8)
22.7
(72.9)
16.6
(61.9)
10.4
(50.7)
21.1
(70.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
6.0
(42.8)
10.3
(50.5)
16.8
(62.2)
22.0
(71.6)
25.5
(77.9)
28.3
(82.9)
27.6
(81.7)
23.2
(73.8)
17.3
(63.1)
11.1
(52.0)
5.5
(41.9)
16.4
(61.5)
Average low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
2.5
(36.5)
6.5
(43.7)
12.7
(54.9)
18.1
(64.6)
22.2
(72.0)
25.2
(77.4)
24.3
(75.7)
19.5
(67.1)
13.4
(56.1)
7.2
(45.0)
1.8
(35.2)
12.8
(55.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.6
(1.52)
52.5
(2.07)
78.1
(3.07)
115.6
(4.55)
154.6
(6.09)
181.4
(7.14)
194.5
(7.66)
120.1
(4.73)
65.9
(2.59)
74.8
(2.94)
52.8
(2.08)
23.4
(0.92)
1,152.3
(45.36)
Average relative humidity (%) 77 77 78 78 78 82 83 82 79 79 77 75 79
Source: China Meteorological Administration[6]

Food

Notable people from Xiaogan

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ "China: Húbĕi (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  2. ^ 孝行感天-孝感的由来. Huaxia.com (in Simplified Chinese). 17 September 2009. Retrieved 27 March 2018. 孝感既为董永故里,其遗址很多,集中分布于两地:今孝感市区和董永曾长期生活过的今孝南区毛陈镇。
  3. ^ 三月三吃地菜煮鸡蛋能治头痛?专家:可防流感. 长江日报. 2018-04-19. Retrieved 1 May 2020 – via QQ News.
  4. ^ 2016年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:孝感市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 统计用区划代码 名称 420901000000 市辖区 420902000000 孝南区 420921000000 孝昌县 420922000000 大悟县 420923000000 云梦县 420981000000 应城市 420982000000 安陆市 420984000000 汉川市
  5. ^ 孝感市历史沿革 (in Chinese). XZQH.org. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 2000年第五次全国人口普查,孝感市总人口4992537人。其中:孝南区883123人,孝昌县612166人,大悟县605786人,云梦县571591人,应城市650485人,安陆市611990人,汉川市1057396人。
  6. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 15 April 2020.

Further reading

  • Acerbi, Jacob (2020). Chaos and Grime: A Year in the Life of a Chinese City. Philadelphia: LSI Holdings, LLC. ISBN 1734454415, 978-1734454413.

External links[edit]

Media related to Xiaogan at Wikimedia Commons