Jiyuan
济源市
Tsiyuan
Jiyuan - view from Jiyuan Century Hotel to Manghe N St, pic01.jpg
Location of Jiyuan City jurisdiction in Henan
Location of Jiyuan City jurisdiction in Henan
Jiyuan is located in China
Jiyuan
Jiyuan
Location in China
Coordinates: 35°04′01″N 112°36′07″E / 35.067°N 112.602°E / 35.067; 112.602Coordinates: 35°04′01″N 112°36′07″E / 35.067°N 112.602°E / 35.067; 112.602
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Area
 • Total1,965 km2 (759 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total733,700
 • Density370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal Code
454650
Area code(s)0391
GDP¥12.076 billion (2004)
Major NationalitiesHan
Township-level divisions16
License plate prefixesU
Websitejiyuan.gov.cn

Jiyuan (simplified Chinese: 济源; traditional Chinese: 濟源; pinyin: Jìyuán) is a sub-prefecture-level city in northwestern Henan province, People's Republic of China. It borders the prefecture-level cities of Jiaozuo and Luoyang to the east and southwest respectively, as well as the province of Shanxi to the north.

Administration

The sub-prefecture-level city of Jiyuan administers 5 subdistrict and 11 towns.[3] Jiyuan is named after the Ji river whose source is said to be a spring located on the west of the city.

Subdistricts
  • Beihai Subdistrict (北海街道)
  • Jishui Subdistrict (济水街道)
  • Qinyuan Subdistrict (沁园街道)
Towns
  • Chengliu (承留镇)
  • Dayu (大峪镇)
  • Kejing (克井镇)
  • Lilin (梨林镇)
  • Potou (坡头镇)
  • Shaoyuan (邵原镇)
  • Sili (思礼镇)
  • Wangwu (王屋镇)
  • Wulongkou (五龙口镇)
  • Xiaye (下冶镇)
  • Zhicheng (轵城镇)

History

Jiyuan was a county belonging to Jiaozuo City in the past, then it was divided from the city. The former Ji River—one of the ancient "Four Rivers", alongside the Yangtze, Huai, and Yellow Rivers—originated around Jiyuan, which was the source of its name, Chinese for "Source of the Ji". (Today, the Ji has been entirely subsumed by the Yellow River, which shifted to the bed of the Ji during its massive 1852 flood.)[4] According to the latest archaeological findings, as early as around 10,000 years ago, precisely at the end of the Paleolithic Period and the beginning of the Neolithic Period, people have lived here. It used to be the capital of the Xia Dynasty and was well known for its wealth between the Period of Warring States and Han Dynasty.

Agriculture

There are many crops grown in Jiyuan, such as wheat, peanut, cotton, sweet potato, maize and other crops.

Climate

Climate data for Jiyuan (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
9.7
(49.5)
14.8
(58.6)
22.0
(71.6)
27.3
(81.1)
32.4
(90.3)
31.9
(89.4)
30.3
(86.5)
27.0
(80.6)
22.0
(71.6)
14.8
(58.6)
8.6
(47.5)
20.6
(69.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
3.4
(38.1)
8.5
(47.3)
15.4
(59.7)
20.8
(69.4)
26.0
(78.8)
27.1
(80.8)
25.6
(78.1)
21.1
(70.0)
15.6
(60.1)
8.1
(46.6)
2.2
(36.0)
14.5
(58.1)
Average low °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.8
(37.0)
8.8
(47.8)
14.1
(57.4)
19.6
(67.3)
22.7
(72.9)
21.4
(70.5)
16.2
(61.2)
10.3
(50.5)
2.9
(37.2)
−2.5
(27.5)
9.2
(48.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.0
(0.31)
12.6
(0.50)
23.1
(0.91)
23.6
(0.93)
56.9
(2.24)
60.5
(2.38)
136.9
(5.39)
106.1
(4.18)
75.0
(2.95)
38.6
(1.52)
19.5
(0.77)
7.1
(0.28)
567.9
(22.36)
Average relative humidity (%) 61 61 63 65 67 62 77 82 77 69 66 61 68
Source: China Meteorological Administration[5]

Transportation

References

Citations

  1. ^ 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  2. ^ 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  3. ^ "济源市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  4. ^ Pletcher & al. (2011), p. 171.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-13.

Bibliography