Hebi
鹤壁市
Hopi
View near Hebi East railway station, 2016
Location of Hebi in Henan
Location of Hebi in Henan
Hebi is located in Northern China
Hebi
Hebi
Location in the North China Plain
Hebi is located in China
Hebi
Hebi
Hebi (China)
Coordinates (Hebi municipal government): 35°44′53″N 114°17′49″E / 35.748°N 114.297°E / 35.748; 114.297Coordinates: 35°44′53″N 114°17′49″E / 35.748°N 114.297°E / 35.748; 114.297
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Municipal seatQibin District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city2,299 km2 (888 sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2018)[1]
543 km2 (210 sq mi)
 • Metro
847.3 km2 (327.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census for total, 2018 otherwise)[2]
 • Prefecture-level city1,565,973
 • Density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2018)[1]
667,600
 • Urban density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
 • Metro
574,000
 • Metro density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)392
ISO 3166 codeCN-HA-06
GDP¥10,817 per capita (2004)
Major NationalitiesHan
County-level divisions5
Township-level divisionsunknown
License plate prefixesF
Websitehebi.gov.cn

Hebi (simplified Chinese: 鹤壁; traditional Chinese: 鶴壁; pinyin: Hèbì [xɤ̂.pî]; postal: Hopi) is a prefecture-level city in northern Henan province, China. Situated in mountainous terrain at the edge of the Shanxi plateau, Hebi is about 25 miles (40 km) south of Anyang, 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Xinxiang and 65 miles (105 km) north of Kaifeng.

As of the 2020 census, its population was 1,565,973 inhabitants and in the 2018 estimate 574,000 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Qibin District and Qi County largely conurbated. One can notice that Shancheng District and Heshan District are for the moment, part of another built-up area of 372,600 inhabitants close to Anyang.[3]

Hebi has several coal mines. The city is also home to Hebi New Area, an economic development zone.

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Hebi administers 3 districts and 2 counties.

Map

History

The name of "Hebi" first appears in book "History of Jin". It is believed that during ancient times, cranes would rest on the cliffs of the southern mountains. The southern mountain was then named 鹤山(HeShan), where 鹤 means crane. The villiage near the southern mountain was then named 鹤壁(Hebi), which literally translates to "Cranes resting on cliffs").

Relocation of the Urban Area of Hebi

The urban area of Hebi has undergone three relocations. In 1957, the urban area was selected to be in Hebiji. With the construction of the mine #2 and mine #3, the urban area moved south to what is now known as Zhongshan District in December 1957. Later in 1959, the urban area changed from Zhongshan District to another district that is known as Dahu. However, the surrounding areas of the urban area became mostly subsidence areas, restricting further development of the city. Therefore, in 1992, Hebi government established Qibin Economic Development Zone at the junction of Qi County, Junxian County in the southeast. As the scale of the Qibin Economic Development Zone expands, the political center of the city also moved to Qibin District in May of 1999. Qibin District is now the new political, economic center of Hebi City.

References

  1. ^ a b Cox, Wendell (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. ^ "China: Hénán (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  3. ^ "China: Hénán (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".