Haining
海宁市
Haining is located in Zhejiang
Haining
Haining
Location in Zhejiang
Coordinates: 30°32′N 120°41′E / 30.533°N 120.683°E / 30.533; 120.683
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceZhejiang
Prefecture-level cityJiaxing
Area
 • County-level city700.5 km2 (270.5 sq mi)
 • Metro
700.5 km2 (270.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)
 • County-level city1,076,199
 • Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,076,199
 • Metro density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
GDP (Nominal)2017
 - TotalCNY 84 billion
(US$13.2 billion)
Websitewww.haining.gov.cn

Haining (simplified Chinese: 海宁; traditional Chinese: 海寧; pinyin: Hǎiníng) is a county-level city in Zhejiang Province, China, and under the jurisdiction of Jiaxing. It is in the south side of Yangtze River Delta, and in the north of Zhejiang. It is 125 km (78 mi) to the southwest of central Shanghai, and 61.5 km (38.2 mi) east of Hangzhou, the provincial capital. To its south lies the Qiantang River. The city has a land area of 700.5 km2 (270.5 sq mi) and as of the 2020 census, had a population of 1,076,199 inhabitants. Haining is known for its leather industry and spectacular tide in the Qiantang River. Since June 2021, it's linked to Hangzhou by the new suburban Hangzhou - Haining subway Line.

Basic Facts

Located in the YRD region close to Shanghai and adjoining Hangzhou, Haining serves as the core of the Hangzhou Metropolitan Economic Circle and the Greater Hangzhou Bay Rim Area. The city benefits from the “one-hour economic circle” of Shanghai, Hangzhou and Suzhou with a well-developed transportation network.[1]

Haining has been promoting integrated development between traditional and emerging industries, resulting in two 100 billion RMB-worth industry clusters centered on fashion and strategic new industries respectively. Based on key industrial development platforms such as “Three Zones and One Belt” and distinctive towns, Haining keeps strengthening industry clustering and upgrading the cross-sector industry clusters into larger innovation-driven ones.[1]

In 2018, the International Campus of Zhejiang University was opened in the Eastern Part of Haining,[2] with several institutes that offer joint education programs in life sciences and engineering, together with the University of Edinburgh[3] or the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.[4] The vicinity of an academic institution for education and research is believed to foster the growth of engineering and biotech companies for which a "science park" is currently under construction.

Long known as the land of fish and rice, the home of silk and leather, and a place of rich cultural heritage and scenery, Haining, a typical water-bred city in southern China.[citation needed] Haining is the birthplace of Wang Guowei, a scholar of Chinese literature, Xu Zhimo, a Romantic poet, Jin Yong, a novelist of the martial arts genre, Li Shanlan, a mathematician, and Jiang Baili, a military theorist, among others.[1]

History

In May 1949, Haining County was occupied by the Communist Army. In June 1949, the county government was relocated to Xiashi Town. In October 1958, Haiyan County was merged into Haining. In December 1961, Haiyan County was re-established. In November 1986, Haining County was elevated to Haining City, under jurisdiction of Jiaxing. Throughout history, Yanguan Town had long served as the seat of county government. During Second Sino-Japanese War, the county seat was moved to Yuanhua Town and even outside the county. After the war, the county government was formed in Xiashi Town.[1]

Administrative divisions

Subdistricts:[5]

Towns:

Climate

Climate data for Haining (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.3
(72.1)
27.8
(82.0)
30.7
(87.3)
33.2
(91.8)
36.1
(97.0)
37.5
(99.5)
39.3
(102.7)
39.7
(103.5)
38.1
(100.6)
34.2
(93.6)
30.3
(86.5)
24.1
(75.4)
39.7
(103.5)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
10.6
(51.1)
15.1
(59.2)
21.0
(69.8)
25.9
(78.6)
28.4
(83.1)
33.0
(91.4)
32.3
(90.1)
28.1
(82.6)
23.2
(73.8)
17.5
(63.5)
11.1
(52.0)
21.2
(70.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
6.4
(43.5)
10.4
(50.7)
16.0
(60.8)
21.2
(70.2)
24.6
(76.3)
28.8
(83.8)
28.3
(82.9)
24.1
(75.4)
18.7
(65.7)
12.8
(55.0)
6.7
(44.1)
16.9
(62.4)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
3.1
(37.6)
6.8
(44.2)
12.0
(53.6)
17.3
(63.1)
21.6
(70.9)
25.5
(77.9)
25.2
(77.4)
21.0
(69.8)
15.1
(59.2)
9.1
(48.4)
3.3
(37.9)
13.5
(56.2)
Record low °C (°F) −7.6
(18.3)
−7.4
(18.7)
−3.6
(25.5)
0.2
(32.4)
7.8
(46.0)
12.9
(55.2)
18.6
(65.5)
18.8
(65.8)
12.5
(54.5)
3.0
(37.4)
−3.0
(26.6)
−9.9
(14.2)
−9.9
(14.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 85.5
(3.37)
79.6
(3.13)
115.5
(4.55)
96.9
(3.81)
118.0
(4.65)
229.2
(9.02)
147.8
(5.82)
177.0
(6.97)
110.6
(4.35)
67.6
(2.66)
67.3
(2.65)
57.5
(2.26)
1,352.5
(53.24)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.2 11.6 13.7 12.7 12.7 15.7 11.8 12.9 10.6 7.5 10.1 9.0 140.5
Average snowy days 3.2 2.2 0.7 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 1.1 7.5
Average relative humidity (%) 78 78 77 75 77 83 79 81 82 79 80 77 79
Mean monthly sunshine hours 104.8 106.3 129.0 150.8 165.5 129.5 208.7 203.7 155.5 151.4 123.4 119.6 1,748.2
Percent possible sunshine 33 34 35 39 39 31 49 50 42 43 39 38 39
Source: China Meteorological Administration[6][7]

Economic Development

During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, Haining's GDP grew at a compound annual growth rate of 8.24%, ranking the first in Jiaxing.[citation needed] In 2016, its GDP reached RMB 74.41 billion, an increase of 6.4% over the previous year, which accounts for 19.8% of the total GDP of Jiaxing, with per capita GDP of RMB 109,600, 1.34 times as much as that of Jiaxing.[1] In 2016, the industrial structure of Haining was increasingly optimized towards one that the tertiary industry accounts for the largest percentage and the primary industry the smallest. The value added of the secondary industry of the city was RMB 32.68 billion in 2016, playing a dominant role with a percentage of 53.5% among the three levels of industries; and the tertiary industry which saw a rapid growth, accounted for 43.9%, representing 55.6% of the GDP growth.

In recent years, Haining has adopted a project- driven model for industrial development, and kept promoting the launch of major real economy projects, with a view to providing strong support for industrial transformation.[1] In 2016, the total output value of industrial enterprises with an annual revenue of RMB 20 million or more increased by 3.6% to RMB 145.6 billion, with the value added reaching 28.05 billion RMB, up by 5.2%. In 2016, the fixed asset investment in Haining was RMB 55.54 billion, an increase of 8.0% over the previous year. The productive investment in the city reached RMB 25.23 billion, rising by 11.1%, with the proportion in the total fixed asset investment increasing to 45.42% from 44.16%, leading to an increasingly optimized investment structure. With the transformation and upgrading of industrial clusters, Haining has witnessed an increasing demand for investment in technical reformation.

Culture

Haining is famous for its leather-silhouette show (also known as shadow play), colored lanterns, and tidal bore viewing.[citation needed] Haining began to be inhabited as early as the New Stone Age some 6,000 years ago. During the Spring and Autumn period (770-476BC), it became part of the State of the Wu and then belonged to the State of the Yue before coming under the State of the Chu. In 221BC, during the Qin dynasty, it fell under the jurisdiction of Changshui County (present-day Jiaxing). In 223AD, or the second year of the reign of Wu State King Huangwu of the Three Kingdoms period, it became known as Yanguan County. In 1295, or the first year of the reign of Yuan Emperor Yuanzheng, the county was promoted to be Yuanguan Prefecture. It became Haining Prefecture in 558. As the sea often encroached upon the prefecture via the Qiantangjiang River, the area was renamed Haining Prefecture in 1329 in the hope of calming the waves (in Chinese, “hai” means sea and “ning” to calm or pacify), and it remains so today. Following the founding the PRC, the area became Haining County, and then Haining City in November 1986 with the approval of the State Council.[8]

Industry

Haining has developed as a city well known for its quality leather products and textiles.[9]

Transportation

The Hangzhou–Haining intercity railway opened in June 2021 and it connects Haining with nearby Hangzhou.

People from Haining

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Research Report on the Investment Environment of Haining City, Zhejiang Province" (PDF). Deloitte.
  2. ^ "International Campus".
  3. ^ ZJU Institute
  4. ^ Grainger Engineering Office of Marketing and Communications. "Home | UIUC-ZJU Partnership | UIUC". Zjui.illinois.edu. Retrieved 2022-12-22.
  5. ^ "嘉兴市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  6. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 12 August 2023.
  7. ^ "Experience Template" 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 12 August 2023.
  8. ^ "HAINING-CHINA". HaiNing Municipal People's Government.
  9. ^ "Protest over factory pollution in E China enters third day". China Daily. Xinhua. 18 September 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2011. Hangzhou - Hundreds of villagers in East China's Zhejiang Province protested for the third day on Saturday at a solar panel manufacturer, whose parent is a New York-listed firm, over concerns of its harmful wastes.

Research Report on the Investment Environment of Haining City made by Deloitte in 2016