Oroqen Banner
鄂伦春旗ɔrɔtʃeenŋi buwaanᠣᠷᠴᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
Oroqen Autonomous Banner
鄂伦春自治旗
ɔrɔtʃeenŋi buwaan
ᠣᠷᠴᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
Location in Hulunbuir
Location in Hulunbuir
Oroqen is located in Inner Mongolia
Oroqen
Oroqen
Location in Inner Mongolia
Oroqen is located in China
Oroqen
Oroqen
Oroqen (China)
Coordinates: 50°35′N 123°43′E / 50.583°N 123.717°E / 50.583; 123.717
CountryChina
Autonomous regionInner Mongolia
Prefecture-level cityHulunbuir
Banner seatAlihe (Ali Gol)
Area
 • Total60,378 km2 (23,312 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total174,023
 • Density2.9/km2 (7.5/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Websitewww.elc.gov.cn
Oroqen Autonomous Banner
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese鄂伦春自治旗
Traditional Chinese鄂倫春自治旗
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicОрчон өөртөө засах хошуу
Mongolian scriptᠣᠷᠴᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
Oroqen name
Oroqenɔrɔtʃeenŋi buwaan

Oroqen Autonomous Banner (Oroqen: ɔrɔtʃeenŋi buwaan; Mongolian: ᠣᠷᠴᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ; Chinese: 鄂伦春自治旗) is an autonomous banner that lies directly south of the urban district of Hailar in the prefecture-level city of Hulunbuir.[2] It covers an area of 60,378 square kilometres (23,312 sq mi). As of the 2010 census, there were 223,752 inhabitants with a population density of 4.84 inhabitants per km2.

Administrative divisions

Oroqen Autonomous Banner is made up of 8 towns and 2 townships.[3] The banner's seat of government is located in Alihe (Ali Gol).[4]

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Mongolian (Hudum Script) Mongolian (Cyrillic) Oroqen Administrative division code
Towns
Alihe Town
(Ali Gol Town)
阿里河镇 Ālǐhé Zhèn ᠠᠯᠢ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Аль гол балгас aali biraa kutuun 150723100
Dayangshu Town 大杨树镇 Dàyángshù Zhèn ᠳ᠋ᠠ ᠶᠠᠩ ᠱᠦ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Да ян шуу балгас ədiŋə ulixdaan kutuun 150723101
Ganhe Town 甘河镇 Gānhé Zhèn ᠭᠠᠨ ᠾᠧ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Ган ге балгас gaan dɔɔn kutuun 150723102
Jiwen Town 吉文镇 Jíwén Zhèn ᠵᠢᠸᠧᠨ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Жвен балгас 150723103
Nomin Town 诺敏镇 Nuòmǐn Zhèn ᠨᠣᠮᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Номин балгас nəmiin kutuun 150723104
Olobtai Town 乌鲁布铁镇 Wūlǔbùtiě Zhèn ᠥᠯᠥᠪᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Өлөвтэй балгас 150723105
Yili Town 宜里镇 Yílǐ Zhèn ᠢᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Ил балгас 150723106
Keyihe Town 克一河镇 Kèyīhé Zhèn ᠺᠧ ᠢ ᠾᠧ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Ке И ге балгас 150723107
Townships
Guli Township 古里乡 Gǔlǐ Xiāng ᠭᠦ᠋ ᠯᠢ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩ Хөө ли шиян guuli 150723200
Tuozhamin Township 托扎敏乡 Tuōzhāmǐn Xiāng ᠲᠦᠸᠧ ᠵᠠ ᠮᠢᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩ Түве жаа мин шиян totʃamiin 150723201

In addition, Oroqen Autonomous Banner claims jurisdiction over Jagdaqi and Songling District; technically however, the two districts are de facto under the jurisdiction of Daxing'anling Prefecture, Heilongjiang Province. The government of Hulunbuir disputes this arrangement.[5]

Ethnic groups in Oroqen Autonomous Banner, 2000 census

Nationality Population Percentage
Han 257,861 88.28%
Mongols 12,045 4.12%
Manchu 8,743 2.99%
Daur 6,379 2.18%
Evenks 3,155 1.08%
Oroqen 2,050 0.7%
Hui 1,038 0.36%
Korean 633 0.22%
Xibe 54 0.02%
Russians 37 0.01%
Others 102 0.04%

Climate

Climate data for Oroqen Autonomous Banner (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
6.4
(43.5)
18.4
(65.1)
29.0
(84.2)
34.8
(94.6)
40.5
(104.9)
37.2
(99.0)
36.0
(96.8)
31.9
(89.4)
26.5
(79.7)
13.6
(56.5)
0.4
(32.7)
40.5
(104.9)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −13.7
(7.3)
−7.9
(17.8)
0.4
(32.7)
10.7
(51.3)
19.2
(66.6)
24.8
(76.6)
26.5
(79.7)
24.3
(75.7)
18.4
(65.1)
8.5
(47.3)
−5.2
(22.6)
−14.1
(6.6)
7.7
(45.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −21.7
(−7.1)
−17.1
(1.2)
−7.8
(18.0)
3.1
(37.6)
11.3
(52.3)
17.1
(62.8)
19.8
(67.6)
17.3
(63.1)
10.1
(50.2)
0.8
(33.4)
−12.5
(9.5)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−0.1
(31.9)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −27.6
(−17.7)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−15.5
(4.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
3.0
(37.4)
9.6
(49.3)
14.0
(57.2)
11.6
(52.9)
3.6
(38.5)
−5.3
(22.5)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−6.7
(20.0)
Record low °C (°F) −40.3
(−40.5)
−39.6
(−39.3)
−31.8
(−25.2)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−8.4
(16.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
−7.9
(17.8)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−34.3
(−29.7)
−40.2
(−40.4)
−40.3
(−40.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.4
(0.13)
3.2
(0.13)
6.1
(0.24)
18.5
(0.73)
47.0
(1.85)
95.3
(3.75)
168.7
(6.64)
118.5
(4.67)
64.1
(2.52)
21.5
(0.85)
9.8
(0.39)
6.4
(0.25)
562.5
(22.15)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.5 3.6 4.8 6.4 10.8 14.6 17.0 15.4 10.6 6.6 6.3 7.1 108.7
Average snowy days 7.9 5.9 6.9 6.6 1.0 0.1 0 0 0.6 5.2 8.5 9.7 52.4
Average relative humidity (%) 67 62 54 49 52 69 78 80 72 61 67 70 65
Mean monthly sunshine hours 173.3 210.3 266.4 251.5 250.2 241.3 221.6 216.4 213.9 201.4 167.7 149.8 2,563.8
Percent possible sunshine 65 73 72 60 52 49 45 49 57 62 63 61 59
Source: China Meteorological Administration[6][7]
Climate data for Nuominzhen (Xiaoergou), Oroqen Autonomous Banner (1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −13.6
(7.5)
−7.4
(18.7)
1.5
(34.7)
12.2
(54.0)
20.6
(69.1)
25.7
(78.3)
27.5
(81.5)
25.2
(77.4)
19.6
(67.3)
10.1
(50.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
−13.2
(8.2)
8.7
(47.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −23.0
(−9.4)
−17.7
(0.1)
−6.9
(19.6)
4.5
(40.1)
12.7
(54.9)
18.5
(65.3)
21.2
(70.2)
18.5
(65.3)
11.5
(52.7)
2.3
(36.1)
−10.8
(12.6)
−21.3
(−6.3)
0.8
(33.4)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −29.7
(−21.5)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−15.0
(5.0)
−3.1
(26.4)
4.4
(39.9)
11.4
(52.5)
15.5
(59.9)
13.1
(55.6)
4.9
(40.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
−16.8
(1.8)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−6.0
(21.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.6
(0.14)
3.2
(0.13)
6.0
(0.24)
20.1
(0.79)
41.8
(1.65)
102.2
(4.02)
146.0
(5.75)
116.0
(4.57)
55.9
(2.20)
23.2
(0.91)
6.7
(0.26)
5.8
(0.23)
530.5
(20.89)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.9 3.5 4.5 6.2 9.5 13.6 15.0 13.4 9.4 5.8 4.8 6.0 96.6
Average snowy days 6.7 5.4 6.6 5.0 0.5 0.1 0 0 0.2 3.9 7.4 8.9 44.7
Average relative humidity (%) 66 62 55 48 51 67 76 79 71 61 66 69 64
Mean monthly sunshine hours 178.2 208.2 260.5 251.4 264.1 260.4 246.1 230.7 222.9 208.8 169.9 150.8 2,652
Percent possible sunshine 66 72 70 61 55 54 51 53 60 64 63 59 61
Source: China Meteorological Administration[6][8]

References

  1. ^ Inner Mongolia: Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties
  2. ^ Naeher, Carsten; Stary, Giovanni; Weiers, Michael (2002). Proceedings of the First International Conference on Manchu-Tungus Studies, Bonn, August 28-September 1, 2000: Trends in Tungusic and Siberian linguistics. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. pp. 112–113. ISBN 978-3-447-04628-2.
  3. ^ 2022年统计用区划代码(鄂伦春自治旗) [2020 Statistical Division Codes (Oroqen Autonomous Banner)] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2022.
  4. ^ Cope, Lida (2014-06-03). Applied Linguists Needed: Cross-disciplinary Networking in Endangered Language Contexts. Routledge. p. 75. ISBN 978-1-317-97805-3.
  5. ^ 内蒙古自治区呼伦贝尔市积极推进恢复加松地区管理权 (in Simplified Chinese). The Paper. 2019-05-22. Archived from the original on 2022-08-02. Retrieved 2021-09-02.
  6. ^ a b 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  7. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  8. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.