Shangzhi
尚志市
Location of Shangzhi in Harbin
Location of Shangzhi in Harbin
Harbin in Heilongjiang
Harbin in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 45°12′25″N 127°57′54″E / 45.207°N 127.965°E / 45.207; 127.965Coordinates: 45°12′25″N 127°57′54″E / 45.207°N 127.965°E / 45.207; 127.965[1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHeilongjiang
Sub-provincial cityHarbin
Divisions
  • 10 towns
  • 7 townships
SeatShangzhi Town (尚志镇)
Area
 • Total8,824.9 km2 (3,407.3 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[3]
 • Total560,448
 • Density64/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
1506XX
Area code0451
ClimateDwb
Websitewww.shangzhi.gov.cn

Shangzhi (Chinese: 尚志; pinyin: Shàngzhì) is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It is 127 kilometres (79 mi) away from central Harbin and has an area of approximately 9,000 km2 (3,500 sq mi). The city proper has a population of around 120,000, while the total administrative population is approximately 600,000 inhabitants.[when?] The most spacious county-level division of Harbin City, it borders Yanshou County to the north, Wuchang to the southwest, Acheng District to the northwest, and Bin County to the northwest, as well as the prefecture-level city of Mudanjiang to the southeast.

The city of Shangzhi was once called Zhuhe (珠河; Zhūhé). It was developed during the Guangxu era in the late Qing dynasty, and was renamed to Shangzhi to commemorate the anti-Japanese war hero Zhao Shangzhi in 1946.

The most famous place in Shangzhi is the Yabuli (simplified Chinese: 亚布力; traditional Chinese: 亞布力; pinyin: Yàbùlì) Skiing Centre -[citation needed]

Climate

Shangzhi has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, very dry, bitterly cold winters, very warm and humid summers, and short, rather dry spring and autumn in between. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −19.2 °C (−2.6 °F) in January to 22.0 °C (71.6 °F) in July, and the annual mean is +3.42 °C (38.2 °F). Close to three-fourths of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 49% in July to 63% in March, the city receives 2,450 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Shangzhi (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −11.9
(10.6)
−6.4
(20.5)
2.1
(35.8)
13.2
(55.8)
20.4
(68.7)
25.5
(77.9)
27.2
(81.0)
26.0
(78.8)
20.8
(69.4)
12.2
(54.0)
−0.1
(31.8)
−9.3
(15.3)
10.0
(50.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −19.2
(−2.6)
−14.3
(6.3)
−4.4
(24.1)
6.3
(43.3)
13.5
(56.3)
19.4
(66.9)
22.0
(71.6)
20.7
(69.3)
13.7
(56.7)
5.1
(41.2)
−6.1
(21.0)
−15.7
(3.7)
3.4
(38.2)
Average low °C (°F) −25.4
(−13.7)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−10.9
(12.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
6.3
(43.3)
13.5
(56.3)
17.4
(63.3)
16.1
(61.0)
7.6
(45.7)
−0.8
(30.6)
−11.5
(11.3)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−2.6
(27.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.3
(0.25)
6.6
(0.26)
16.4
(0.65)
28.4
(1.12)
49.3
(1.94)
89.1
(3.51)
183.8
(7.24)
152.9
(6.02)
61.2
(2.41)
32.8
(1.29)
18.4
(0.72)
11.2
(0.44)
656.4
(25.85)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.5 6.9 6.9 9.2 12.6 14.7 16.2 14.9 12.0 9.0 8.1 9.0 126.0
Average relative humidity (%) 75 71 64 60 63 72 81 83 78 70 71 74 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 166.6 181.7 232.0 224.3 248.3 243.3 229.9 220.6 215.4 192.4 155.5 140.1 2,450.1
Percent possible sunshine 59 62 63 56 54 52 49 51 57 57 54 52 55
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[4][5]

Administrative divisions

Map including Yimianpo (labeled as I-mien-p'o 一靣坡) (AMS, 1955)
Map including Yimianpo (labeled as I-mien-p'o 一靣坡) (AMS, 1955)

Shangzhi is divided into 10 towns and seven townships:[6][7]

Towns

Townships

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Shangzhi" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ Harbin Statistical Yearbook 2011 (《哈尔滨统计年鉴2011》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ 全国各县市区人口排名 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2022-01-05.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  5. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21.
  6. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:尚志市 (in Chinese (China)). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
  7. ^ "国家统计局 2019" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.