Lingwu
灵武市 · لِئٍ‌وُ شِ
Taizi Great Mosque
Location of Lingwu in Yinchuan
Location of Lingwu in Yinchuan
Lingwu is located in Ningxia
Lingwu
Lingwu
Location in Ningxia
Coordinates: 38°06′11″N 106°20′24″E / 38.103°N 106.340°E / 38.103; 106.340
CountryChina
RegionNingxia
Prefecture-level cityYinchuan
Municipal seatChengqu Subdistrict
Area
 • Total3,009.04 km2 (1,161.80 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Total261,677
 • Density87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Lingwu (simplified Chinese: 灵武; traditional Chinese: 靈武; pinyin: Língwǔ Shì, Xiao'erjing: لِئٍ‌وُ شِ) is a county-level city of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Southwest China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yinchuan. It is the most important industrial city of Ningxia.[citation needed] Lingwu spans an area of 3,846 square kilometres (1,485 sq mi),[1] and according to the 2010 Chinese census, Lingwu has a population of 261,677.[2]

Toponymy

Lingwu was historically known as Lingzhou (simplified Chinese: 灵州; traditional Chinese: 靈州; pinyin: Língzhōu, Xiao'erjing: لِئٍ‌جِوْ).[3]

History

During the Warring States period, the area was absorbed into the Qin dynasty under Beidi Commandery.[2] The area was first incorporated into the Han dynasty in 191 BCE by Emperor Hui.[2][3] In 437 CE, under the Northern Wei, the area was incorporated as Bogulu Town [zh].[2] In 526 CE, Bogulu Town was renamed as Lingzhou.[2] In 756 CE, during the Tang dynasty, Emperor Suzong fled to Lingzhou during the Anshi Rebellion,[2] where he ascended the throne with the aid of loyal bureaucrats and military supporters, only notifying his father Xuanzong after the fact.[citation needed] Lingzhou became part of the Western Xia in 1038.[2] It was besieged by Genghis Khan in November 1226.[citation needed]

On May 20, 1996, Lingwu was upgraded from a county to a county-level city.[2] On October 25, 2002, Lingwu was transferred from the prefecture-level city of Wuzhong to Yinchuan.[2]

Geography

The western border of Lingwu is formed by the Yellow River.[1]

Climate

Lingwu's climate is arid, with little precipitation and high levels of sunshine.[1]

Climate data for Lingwu (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.9
(55.2)
21.1
(70.0)
27.1
(80.8)
34.3
(93.7)
36.0
(96.8)
36.6
(97.9)
37.5
(99.5)
36.3
(97.3)
35.2
(95.4)
29.0
(84.2)
24.3
(75.7)
16.0
(60.8)
37.5
(99.5)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 0.8
(33.4)
5.9
(42.6)
12.9
(55.2)
20.6
(69.1)
25.2
(77.4)
28.9
(84.0)
30.4
(86.7)
28.7
(83.7)
24.2
(75.6)
18.0
(64.4)
9.2
(48.6)
2.1
(35.8)
17.2
(63.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.0
(19.4)
−2.5
(27.5)
4.8
(40.6)
12.4
(54.3)
17.6
(63.7)
21.8
(71.2)
23.7
(74.7)
21.8
(71.2)
16.3
(61.3)
9.0
(48.2)
1.9
(35.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
9.6
(49.2)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −13.3
(8.1)
−9.2
(15.4)
−2.1
(28.2)
4.3
(39.7)
9.4
(48.9)
14.2
(57.6)
17.1
(62.8)
15.5
(59.9)
9.8
(49.6)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
−10.5
(13.1)
2.8
(37.1)
Record low °C (°F) −26.5
(−15.7)
−26.6
(−15.9)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
4.6
(40.3)
8.8
(47.8)
4.8
(40.6)
−2.7
(27.1)
−11.6
(11.1)
−17.8
(0.0)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−26.6
(−15.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.3
(0.05)
2.1
(0.08)
5.2
(0.20)
11.1
(0.44)
19.4
(0.76)
27.4
(1.08)
39.0
(1.54)
40.9
(1.61)
30.1
(1.19)
12.1
(0.48)
4.4
(0.17)
1.0
(0.04)
194
(7.64)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.5 1.1 2.3 3.6 4.7 5.9 7.5 7.9 6.6 4.1 1.9 0.9 48
Average snowy days 2.6 1.7 1.3 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0.3 1.6 1.3 9.2
Average relative humidity (%) 53 46 42 39 48 57 65 70 71 64 60 56 56
Mean monthly sunshine hours 209.0 210.1 249.5 271.1 301.5 298.0 295.0 267.0 225.6 237.7 215.6 213.2 2,993.3
Percent possible sunshine 68 68 67 68 68 68 66 64 61 69 72 72 68
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4][5]

Administrative divisions

Lingwu administers one subdistrict, six towns, two townships and one other township-level division.[6]

Subdistricts

The city's sole subdistrict is:

Towns

The city's six towns are:

Townships

The city's two townships are:

Other township-level divisions

The city also administers the township-level division of:

Demographics

Lingwu's population was reported as 261,677 in the 2010 Chinese census.[2] In the 2000 Chinese census, the city's population was 249,890.[2] The city has a Hui majority population.

Economy

The city has significant coal, natural gas, and petroleum reserves.[3] Lingwu has a proven coal reserve of 27.3 billion tons.[3]

Lingwu also has a significant agricultural sector, with rice, wheat, corn, and jujubes all being grown in the city.[3] The city is well known for its "Lingwu long jujube" (Chinese: 灵武长枣).[3] This fruit has proven to be one of Ningxia's most popular agricultural products, producing an income of over 10 million yuan per year.[7]

Notable sites

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f 灵武市概况地图 [Lingwu Overview]. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2016-07-19. Archived from the original on 2021-03-31. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k 灵武市历史沿革 [Lingwu Organizational History]. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2016-07-19. Archived from the original on 2020-09-28. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  3. ^ a b c d e f 灵武概况 [Lingwu Overview] (in Chinese). Lingwu Municipal People's Government. 2021-01-05. Archived from the original on 2021-03-31. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 26 August 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 26 August 2023.
  6. ^ a b c d e 2020年统计用区划代码 [2020 Statistical Division Codes] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2020. Archived from the original on 2021-03-31. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  7. ^ Liu, Chengjun; Tang, Yi (2006-09-25). 灵武长枣正向规模化、标准化和产业化方向发展 [Lingwu long jujube is developing towards scale, standardization and industrialization] (in Chinese). Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 2012-11-27. Retrieved 2021-03-31.