Jingyuan
泾源县
ڭٍْ‌يُوًا ثِيًا
Jingyuan in Guyuan
Jingyuan in Guyuan
Guyuan in Ningxia
Guyuan in Ningxia
Coordinates: 35°29′54″N 106°19′50″E / 35.4982°N 106.3306°E / 35.4982; 106.3306
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionNingxia
Prefecture-level cityGuyuan
Area
 • Total1,128.67 km2 (435.78 sq mi)
Population
 • Total101,026
 • Density90/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Jingyuan County (simplified Chinese: 泾源县; traditional Chinese: 涇源縣; pinyin: Jīngyuán Xiàn, Xiao'erjing: ڭٍْ‌يُوًا ثِيًا) is a county under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Guyuan in the south of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, bordering Gansu province to the east, south, and southwest. The southernmost county-level division of Ningxia, it has a total area of 961 km2 (371 sq mi), and a population of approximately 120,000 people.[when?]

Characteristics

Jingyuan County, located at the southern tip of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, is the source of the Jing River. It is an agricultural region, with wheat being the primary crop. In recent years, the county has also begun to produce vegetables. The county government is located in the town of Xiangshui, and the county's postal code is 756400.

History and Demographics

According to the 1983 data, 96.8% of Jingyuan County's population (79,823 persons out of the then total population of 82,464) were Hui (Chinese Muslims) - the highest by far percentage of the Hui in any county-level jurisdiction in Ningxia or anywhere else in China. (Ningxia's county with second-highest percentage of Hui in its total population was Tongxin County, with 79.0% Hui).[1] According to Dru C. Gladney, the area became so heavily Hui after the suppression of the Dungan revolt (1862–1877), when many Muslims fled to, or were forcibly relocated to this mountainous district, near the Liu Pan mountain range, from other, more strategically located areas which the government wanted to keep Hui-free.[2] Even in modern times one can still see remains of Qing-era forts that were built on hilltops to monitor the potentially troublesome Hui settlers.[2]

Administrative divisions

Jingyuan County has 3 towns and 4 townships.

3 towns
4 townships

Climate

Climate data for Jingyuan (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
19.4
(66.9)
24.0
(75.2)
27.7
(81.9)
29.1
(84.4)
30.5
(86.9)
32.6
(90.7)
29.9
(85.8)
30.9
(87.6)
22.7
(72.9)
18.5
(65.3)
14.9
(58.8)
32.6
(90.7)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
2.9
(37.2)
8.0
(46.4)
14.4
(57.9)
18.4
(65.1)
21.9
(71.4)
23.4
(74.1)
21.9
(71.4)
17.1
(62.8)
12.2
(54.0)
7.3
(45.1)
2.2
(36.0)
12.5
(54.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.3
(20.7)
−3.4
(25.9)
1.8
(35.2)
8.1
(46.6)
12.3
(54.1)
16.2
(61.2)
18
(64)
16.6
(61.9)
12.1
(53.8)
6.6
(43.9)
1.0
(33.8)
−4.5
(23.9)
6.5
(43.8)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −11.1
(12.0)
−7.9
(17.8)
−2.8
(27.0)
2.6
(36.7)
6.7
(44.1)
10.9
(51.6)
13.3
(55.9)
12.6
(54.7)
8.4
(47.1)
2.6
(36.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
−9.3
(15.3)
1.9
(35.4)
Record low °C (°F) −23.1
(−9.6)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−17.8
(0.0)
−10.2
(13.6)
−5.7
(21.7)
1.0
(33.8)
5.2
(41.4)
4.9
(40.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
−10.7
(12.7)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−27.4
(−17.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.2
(0.24)
9.8
(0.39)
18.5
(0.73)
34.3
(1.35)
59.9
(2.36)
92.3
(3.63)
127.4
(5.02)
147.2
(5.80)
96.5
(3.80)
50.4
(1.98)
13.0
(0.51)
3.0
(0.12)
658.5
(25.93)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.9 6.6 7.9 7.7 10.7 12.3 14.8 15.1 14.0 10.6 5.7 3.7 115
Average snowy days 7.9 8.4 7.4 2.6 0.5 0 0 0 0 2.3 5.5 5.1 39.7
Average relative humidity (%) 58 60 58 55 59 66 74 78 79 73 62 57 65
Mean monthly sunshine hours 187.4 170.5 195.4 213.7 226.5 219.4 208.4 187.4 149.4 170.3 182.9 193.1 2,304.4
Percent possible sunshine 60 55 52 54 52 51 47 45 41 49 60 64 53
Source: China Meteorological Administration[3][4]

References

  1. ^ Gladney (1991), pp. 119-120
  2. ^ a b Gladney (1991), p. 39
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 26 August 2023.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 26 August 2023.