Yellow River basin
Stone sickle, Peiligang culture (7000–5000 BC)
Model of a Yangshao culture village (4800–2500 BC)
Vessel of the Dawenkou culture (4300–2400 BC)

Yellow River civilization, Huanghe civilization or Huanghe Valley civilization (Chinese: 黃河文明), Hwan‐huou civilization is an ancient Chinese civilization that prospered in the middle and lower basin of the Yellow River.[1] Agriculture was started in the flood plain of the Yellow River, and before long, through flood control and the irrigation of the Yellow River, cities were developed and political power found reinforcement. One of the "four major civilizations of the ancient world", it is often included in textbooks of East Asian history, but the idea of including only the Yellow River civilization as one of the four biggest ancient civilizations has become outdated as a result of the discovery of other early cultures in China, such as the Yangtze and Liao civilizations. The area saw the Yangshao and Longshan cultures of the Neolithic era and developed into the bronze ware culture of the Shang and Zhou dynasties.


See also


  1. ^ Ge, Jianxiong; Hu, Yunsheng (2021), Ge, Jianxiong; Hu, Yunsheng (eds.), "The Yellow River and the Yellow River Civilization", A Historical Survey of the Yellow River and the River Civilizations, Understanding China, Singapore: Springer, pp. 1–48, doi:10.1007/978-981-33-4481-5_1, ISBN 978-981-334-481-5, S2CID 234233730, retrieved 2023-04-28
  2. ^ Zhang, Jianping; Lu, Houyuan; Gu, Wanfa; Wu, Naiqin; Zhou, Kunshu; Hu, Yayi; Xin, Yingjun; Wang, Can (2012-12-17). "Early Mixed Farming of Millet and Rice 7800 Years Ago in the Middle Yellow River Region, China". PLOS ONE. 7 (12): e52146. Bibcode:2012PLoSO...752146Z. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052146. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 3524165. PMID 23284907.