The Government of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Vlada Republike Slovenije) exercises executive authority in Slovenia pursuant to the Constitution and the laws of Slovenia. It is also the highest administrative authority in Slovenia.

The government carries out the country's domestic and foreign policy, shaped by the National Assembly; it directs and coordinates the work of government institutions and bears full responsibility for everything occurring within the authority of executive power. The government, headed by the Prime Minister, thus represents the country's political leadership and makes decisions in the name of the whole executive power.

The following duties are attributed to the government:

  1. executes the domestic and foreign policies of the state;
  2. directs and co-ordinates the activities of government agencies;
  3. administers the implementation of laws, resolutions of the National Assembly, and legislation of the President of the Republic of Slovenia;
  4. introduces bills and submits international treaties to the National Assembly for ratification and denunciation;
  5. prepares the draft of the state budget and submits it to the National Assembly, administers the implementation of the state budget and presents a report on the performance of the state budget to the National Assembly;
  6. issues regulations and orders based on and for the implementation of the law;
  7. manages relations with other states;
  8. performs other duties which the Constitution and the laws vest in the Government of the Republic.

Statistics

Government Building and President's Office of Slovenia

The longest-serving Prime Minister to date was Janez Drnovšek who held the post for ten years and 45 days (3,695 days) between the years 1992 and 2002, followed by Janez Janša who ruled for five years and 28 days (2,584 days). He also holds the longest uninterrupted mandate of 2,180 days between the years 2004 and 2008. The shortest term is held by Andrej Bajuk, who was in the position for 176 days. Alenka Bratušek is the first woman to take the position of the Prime Minister of Slovenia and, until now, the only one to do so. The first minority cabinet was led by Borut Pahor in 2012 as two coalition parties: Zares and DeSUS left the coalition. The first preliminary elections followed just a few months after the coalition's break up. Since then, Slovenia witnessed another preliminary election in 2014, when Janša's second cabinet broke up after DeSUS and DL left the coalition and the cabinet found itself in the minority.

Current government

Main article: 14th Government of Slovenia

Name Position Party Took office
Janez Janša
(born 1958)
Prime Minister SDS 13 March 2020
Zdravko Počivalšek
(born 1957)
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Economic Development and Technology
SMC 13 March 2020
Matej Tonin
(born 1983)
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Defence
NSi 13 March 2020
Anže Logar
(born 1976)
Minister of Foreign Affairs SDS 13 March 2020
Aleš Hojs
(born 1961)
Minister of the Interior SDS 13 March 2020
Andrej Šircelj
(born 1959)
Minister of Finance SDS 13 March 2020
Lilijana Kozlovič
(born 1962)
Minister of Justice SMC 13 March 2020
Boštjan Koritnik
(born 1979)
Minister of Public Administration SMC 13 March 2020
Janez Cigler Kralj
(born 1978)
Minister of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunity NSi 13 March 2020
Janez Poklukar
(born 1979)
Minister of Health NSi 23 February 2021
Simona Kustec
(born 1976)
Minister of Education, Science and Sport SMC 13 March 2020
Jernej Vrtovec
(born 1985)
Minister of Infrastructure NSi 13 March 2020
Vasko Simoniti
(born 1951)
Minister of Culture SDS 13 March 2020
Jože Podgoršek
(born 1972)
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Food DeSUS 15 October 2020
Andrej Vizjak
(born 1964)
Minister of Environment and Spatial Planning SDS 13 March 2020
Zvone Černač
(born 1962)
Minister without portfolio for Development and EU Cohesion Policy SDS 13 March 2020
Helena Jaklitsch
(born 1976)
Minister without portfolio for Slovenian Diaspora SDS 13 March 2020

Government history

First Slovenian Government in the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs

Knight Josip Pogačnik, first slovene prime minister in State SHS
Knight Josip Pogačnik, first slovene prime minister in State SHS

Slovenian National Council (Slovene: :Slovenski narodni svet) was the first executive council established in Slovenia, though it never became Slovenian parliament. The Council named on the 31. of October 1918 the first Slovene National government (Slovene: :Narodna vlada). Knight Josip Pogačnik was named as the first Slovene prime minister in the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (SHS). The government, which had full organisational capabilities, took care of peace and order, economy, transport, education, food, science, culture and other public affairs. The Cabinet consisted of 12 departments called poverjeništva, that were led by representatives of all major Slovenian parties at the time. The government was active until 20. January 1919, when it was relieved by the new government of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in Belgrade.[1]

List of governments of the Republic of Slovenia

See also: Prime Minister of Slovenia and List of governments of Slovenia

Assembly of Socialist Republic of Slovenia in 1990 accepted two new acts that allowed the unification of political parties in the Republic and elections to new assemblies. The president of the Assembly Miran Potrč determined the date of the first democratic elections in Socialist Republic of Slovenia to be on the 8 of April 1990. Since 16 May 1990 (the first multi-party parliamentary election held following the 45-year Communist rule), the Republic of Slovenia has had a total of twelve governments headed by eight different prime ministers. The prime minister in the first government of the Republic of Slovenia was Lojze Peterle. That government was formed by the coalition Democratic Opposition of Slovenia (Demos), which composed of five parties: Slovene Christian Democrats (SKD), (Slovenian Social Democratic Union (SDZS), Slovenian Democratic Union (SDZ), Farmers' Alliance (SLS) and Greens of Slovenia (ZS). Since the first government eight governments have been formed by the left parties and four by the right political parties.[2]

Bratušek's Government (2013-2014)

Main article: 11th Government of Slovenia

The cabinet was sworn on 20 March 2013.[3]

Name Position Portfolio Party Period
Alenka Bratušek Prime Minister Prime Minister PS 2013-2014
ZaAB
Dejan Židan Vice president Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Food SD 2013-2014
Karl Erjavec Vice president Minister of Foreign Affairs DeSUS 2013-2014
Gregor Virant Vice president Minister of Interior and Public Administration DL 2013-2014
Uroš Čufer Minister Minister of Finance PS 2013-2014
Roman Jakič Minister Minister of Defence PS 2013-2014
ZaAB
Stanko Stepišnik Minister Minister of Economic Development and Technology PS 2013-2014
Metod Dragonja PS/ZaAB 2014
Senko Pličanič Minister Minister of Justice DL 2013-2014
Jernej Pikalo Minister Minister of Education, Science and Sport SD 2013-2014
Uroš Grilc Minister Minister of Culture PS 2013-2014
ZaAB
Tomaž Gantar Minister Minister of Health DeSUS 2013-2014
Alenka Trop Skaza Independent 2014
Alenka Bratušek Prime Minister/Minister (acting) ZaAB 2014
Igor Maher Minister Minister of Infrastructure and Urban Planning DL 2013
Samo Omerzel 2013-2014
Anja Kopač Mrak Minister Minister of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities SD 2013-2014
Tina Komel Minister Minister without portfolio for Slovenian diaspora PS 2013-2014
Gorazd Žmavc DeSUS 2014

Janša's Government (2012-2013)

Main article: 10th Government of Slovenia

The cabinet was sworn in on 10 February 2012.[4]

Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice and Public Administration
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education, Science, Culture and Sport
Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Health
Minister of Economy and Technology
Minister of Agriculture and Environment
Minister of Infrastructure and Urban Planning
Minister without portfolio for Slovenian diaspora

Pahor's Government (2008–2012)

Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education
Minister of Higher Education
Minister of Culture
Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Health
Minister of Economy
Minister of Agriculture
Minister of Environment
Minister of Transport
Minister of Public Administration
Minister without portfolio
for Local Autonomies and
Regional Development
Minister without portfolio
for Economic Development and
European Affairs
Minister without portfolio
for Slovenian diaspora

Janša's Government (2004–2008)

Main article: 8th Government of Slovenia

Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education
Minister of Higher Education
Minister of Culture
Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Health
Minister of Economy
Minister of Agriculture
Minister of Environment
Minister of Transport
Minister of Public Administration
Minister without portfolio
for Local Autonomies and
Regional Development
Minister without portfolio
for Economic Development

Rop's Government (2002–2004)

Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education
Minister of Culture
Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Health
Minister of Agriculture
Minister of Environment
Minister of Transport
Minister of Economy
Minister of Legislation
Minister without portfolio
for European Affairs
Minister without portfolio
for Local Autonomies and
Regional Development

Bajuk's Government 2000

Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education
Minister of Culture
Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Health
Minister of Economy
Minister of Agriculture
Minister of Environment
Minister of Transport
Minister of Economic Relations and Development
Minister of Research
Minister of Legislation

Drnovšek's Governments (1992–2002)

Prime Minister
Vice President of Government
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education
Minister of Culture
Minister of Welfare
Minister of Environment

Peterle's Government (1990–1992)

Main article: 1st Government of Slovenia

[1] [2]

References

  1. ^ Repe, Božo (2003). Oris sodobne obče in slovenske zgodovine [Outline of modern general and Slovene history] (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Filozofska fakulteta Univerze v Ljubljani. ISBN 961-237-046-X.
  2. ^ Borak, Neven (2005). Slovenska novejša zgodovina 1 [Slovenian modern history] (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga Založba. ISBN 86-11-16897-6.
  3. ^ "Prisegla je nova vlada Alenke Bratušek". Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija.
  4. ^ "Slovenija dobila deseto vlado". Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija.
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