|Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine|
|Appointed by||Verkhovna Rada |
(Prime Minister's proposal)
|Main organ||Cabinet of Ministers|
|Responsible to||President and the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament)|
Hrushevsky Street, Kyiv
The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Кабінет Міністрів України, romanized: Kabinet Ministriv Ukrainy; shortened to CabMin), commonly referred to as the Government of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Уряд України, Uriad Ukrainy), is the highest body of state executive power in Ukraine. As Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, it was formed on 18 April 1991, by the Law of Ukrainian SSR No.980-XII. Vitold Fokin was approved as the first Prime Minister of Ukraine.
The cabinet is a collegiate body consisting of the cabinet's "presidium" composed of the Prime Minister of Ukraine and their vice prime ministers as well as other ministers who participate and vote on sessions of the cabinet. The prime minister presides over the cabinet. Some vice prime ministers may be appointed as the first vice prime ministers. Unlike the Soviet period of the government when presidium was actually a functioning institution, the current government presidium is nominal and vice prime ministers do not have much advantage over other ministers. All government decisions are being voted for and adopted at the sessions of the cabinet by ministers only or heads of central offices of executive authority with ministerial status. The Secretariat of Cabinet of Ministers ensures the operations of the cabinet, while the National Agency of Ukraine for Civil Service provides human resources of government officials.
The basic unit of government administration in Ukraine is a central office of executive authority (central executive office) which may be granted ministerial status. Each such central office of executive authority is chaired by its head (holova). Many central offices of executive authority without ministerial status may be part of a government ministry, while others function separately or support either the President of Ukraine or the Verkhovna Rada (parliament). Central offices of executive authority without ministerial status are designated either as services, agencies, or inspections. Selected central offices of executive authority are granted a "special status". Only very few central executive offices are designated as funds, committees or otherwise.
The current Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine is the Shmyhal Government that was formed on 4 March 2020, led by Denys Shmyhal.
The number of ministries in the cabinet has changed over time, some ministries were abolished, others combined with others or degraded to state committees or agencies. Each ministry is in charge of other government sub-departments. There are three basic types of government sub-departments known as "central offices (organs) of executive authority": services, agencies, inspections. Beside the basic government sub-departments there also other government sub-departments which were granted a special status. Among such sub-departments there are various government committees, government commissions, government funds, and other institutions. Sub-departments may be elevated to ministerial status by their reorganization and, vice versa, government ministries may degraded to sub-departments (e.g. Ministry of Emergencies was degraded to a sub-department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs).
The Cabinet is responsible to the President of Ukraine and is under the control of, and is held accountable to, the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament). The Cabinet consists of the Prime Minister, the First Vice-Prime Minister, three Vice-Prime Ministers, and other Ministers, who head their assigned Ministries (departments). At one time, there also was an institute of "state ministries", this institute being abolished on 25 February 1992 by the Presidential Decree (#98). The Secretariat of Cabinet of Ministers (or Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers) supports the effective operation of the government. Structural part of the secretariat is also the office of the Prime Minister of Ukraine.
Parts of Cabinet meetings are broadcast live on Ukrainian TV.
Since August 2016, Ukrainians can sign and submit electronic petitions to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine "to (assist with) the formation of the priorities of state policy and management decision-making". To be considered, the petition must get at least 25,000 votes three months from the date of publication.
According to Oleksandr Zapadynchuk, the process of establishing an administrative system in an already independent Ukraine started in the spring of 1991 when the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (in place of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR) was created, with new members of the government being appointed, as well as a new government office being formed. Until the adaptation of the Constitution of Ukraine in 1996, the government of Ukraine was ruled by the 1978 Constitution of Ukraine (the Ukrainian SSR). Also, the 1978 Constitution ruled that the President of Ukraine (an office created in 1991) is a head of state and a head of government (executive power) (Article 114-1). At the same time, the government headed by Prime Minister de facto remained independent and detached from the President, a state institution which had to function governed by its own programme.
The Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) has five days to approve the Prime Minister after the President proposes a candidate. A vote in Parliament is required to approve or dismiss any government minister. The President or one-third of members of parliament can initiate a vote of no confidence, but only once in a parliament session.
The entire Cabinet has to be dismissed following the Prime Minister's resignation. But a Cabinet's resignation cannot be considered within a year of the Cabinet's approval of its program of activities, meaning a Cabinet dismissal can not done in its first year of existence.
The President can order the Cabinet to carry out its duties for up to 60 days until a new Cabinet begins to work.
The composition of Cabinet is determined by the Parliament of Ukraine on the petition of the Prime Minister of Ukraine (with exception of Minister of Defence and Minister of Foreign Affairs, which candidates are proposed by the President). The legislation on Labor and State Service do not cover regulations of Cabinet's members. Positions of Cabinet of Ministers are political and are regulated by the Constitution of Ukraine and the Law of Ukraine on the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
The Verkhovna Rada terminates the powers of members of parliament appointed to the Cabinet of Ministers.
The 2004 Constitutional amendments are also erroneously known as the 2004 Constitution of Ukraine. The following amendments were procedurally adopted however as amendments rather than as constitution which requires approval of 2/3 parliament.
Under the terms of Article 83 of Ukraine's Constitution a governing coalition needs to be formed by factions (rather than by individuals) that represent a majority of the parliament (Verkhovna Rada), a "coalition of parliamentary factions" (Ukrainian: Коаліція парламентських партій). A February 2010 law on the parliament's regulations does demand both a decision by the factions and 226 signatures by members of parliament. On 1 October 2010, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine declared the constitutional amendments of 2004 illegal, thus abolishing the principle of coalition creation in the parliament (Constitution of Ukraine). In February 2014 the parliament passed a law that reinstated the 2004 amendments of the constitution. Three days later they also terminated the powers of five judges of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine appointed from the parliament's quota, for violating their oath.
Main article: Shmyhal Government
|Servant of the People|
|Presidential nominations||President Volodymyr Zelensky|
|Prime Minister||Denys Shmyhal|
|First Vice Prime Minister||Oleksiy Liubchenko (20 May 2021 – 3 November 2021)|
Yulia Svyrydenko (since 4 November 2021)
|Vice Prime Minister (European and Euro-Atlantic Integration)||Vadym Prystaiko (4 March 2020 – 4 June 2020)|
|Olha Stefanyshyna (since 4 June 2020)|
|Vice Prime Minister||Oleh Urusky (16 July 2020 – 3 November 2021)|
Pavlo Riabikin (since 4 November 2021)
|Vice Prime Minister||Mykhailo Fedorov[a]|
|Vice Prime Minister||Oleksii Reznikov (until 3 November 2021)|
|Iryna Vereshchuk (since 4 November 2021)|
|Minister of Internal Affairs||Denys Monastyrsky (since 16 July 2021)|
|Arsen Avakov (until 15 July 2021)|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Dmytro Kuleba|
|Minister for Veterans Affairs||Serhiy Bessarab (until 16 December 2020)|
Yulia Laputina (since 18 December 2020)
|Minister of Youth and Sports||Vadym Hutsait|
|Minister of Finance||Ihor Umansky (4 March 2020 – 30 March 2020)|
Serhiy Marchenko (since 30 March 2020)
|Minister of Infrastructure||Vladyslav Krykliy (18 May 2021 parliament dismissed Krykliy as Minister)[b]|
Oleksandr Kubrakov (since 20 May 2021)
|Minister of Social Policy||Maryna Lazebna (4 March 2020 – 18 July 2022)|
Oksana Zholnovych (since 19 July 2022)
|Minister of Justice||Denys Maliuska[c]|
|Minister of Defence||Andriy Taran (until 3 November 2021)|
Oleksii Reznikov (since 4 November 2021)
|Minister of Healthcare||Illia Yemets (4 March 2020 – 30 March 2020)|
Maksym Stepanov (30 March 2020 – 18 May 2021)
Viktor Liashko (since 20 May 2021)
|Minister of Education and Science||Yuriy Poliukhovych (acting 4 March 2020 – 25 March 2020)|
Liubomyra Mandziy (acting 25 March 2020 – 25 June 2020)
Serhiy Shkarlet (acting until 17 December 2020)
|Minister of Energy||Vitaliy Shubin (acting 11 March 2020 – 16 April 2020)|
Olha Buslavets (acting minister 16 April 2020 – 20 November 2020)
Yuriy Boyko (acting minister 20 November 2020 – 21 December 2020)
Yuriy Vitrenko (acting 21 December 2020 – 29 April 2021)
Herman Halushchenko (since 29 April 2021)
|Minister of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources||Roman Abramovsky (19 June 2020 – 3 November 2021)|
Ruslan Strilets (acting until 14 April 2022)
|Minister of Economic Development and Trade||Pavlo Kukhta (acting 4 March 2020 – 17 March 2020)|
Ihor Petrashko (17 March 2020 – 18 May 2021)
Oleksiy Liubchenko (20 May 2021 – 3 November 2021)
Yulia Svyrydenko (since 4 November 2021)
|Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food||Roman Leshchenko (17 December 2020)|
Mykola Solskyi (since 24 March 2022)
|Minister of Communities and Territories Development||Oleksiy Chernyshov|
|Minister of Culture and Information Policy||Svitlana Fomenko (acting 10 March 2020 – 4 June 2020)|
|Oleksandr Tkachenko (since 4 June 2020)|
|Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers||Oleh Nemchinov|
See also: President of Ukraine
Further information: Government ministries of Ukraine