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Popular Ukrainian dishes
Popular Ukrainian dishes

Ukrainian cuisine is the collection of the various cooking traditions of the people of Ukraine, one of the largest and most populous European countries. It is heavily influenced by the rich dark soil (chernozem) from which its ingredients come and often involves many components.[1] Traditional Ukrainian dishes often experience a complex heating process – "at first they are fried or boiled, and then stewed or baked. This is the most distinctive feature of Ukrainian cuisine".[2]

The national dish of Ukraine is borscht, the well-known beet soup, of which many varieties exist. However, varenyky (boiled dumplings similar to pierogi) and a type of cabbage roll known as holubtsi are also national favourites and are a common meal in traditional Ukrainian restaurants.[3] These dishes indicate the regional similarities within Eastern European cuisine.

The cuisine emphasizes the importance of wheat in particular, and grain in general, as the country is often referred to as the "breadbasket of Europe".[4] The majority of Ukrainian dishes descend from ancient peasant dishes based on plentiful grain resources such as rye, as well as staple vegetables such as potato, cabbages, mushrooms and beetroots. Ukrainian dishes incorporate both traditional Slavic techniques as well as other European techniques, a byproduct of years of foreign jurisdiction and influence. As there has been a significant Ukrainian diaspora over several centuries (for example, over a million Canadians have Ukrainian heritage), the cuisine is represented in European countries and those further afield, particularly Argentina, Brazil, and the USA.

Soups

Ukrainian borshch with smetana sour cream
Ukrainian borshch with smetana sour cream

Salads and appetizers

Kholodets
Kholodets

Bread and grain

Traditional Ukrainian paska
Traditional Ukrainian paska

Bread and wheat products are important to Ukrainian cuisine. The country has been considered one of the traditional "breadbaskets" of the world.[7] Decorations on the top can be elaborate for celebrations.

Main courses

Varenyky stuffed with meat, served with fried onions and sour cream
Varenyky stuffed with meat, served with fried onions and sour cream
Kruchenyky served with kasha and a mushroom sauce
Kruchenyky served with kasha and a mushroom sauce

Desserts

Beverages

Mead

Alcoholic

Non-alcoholic

Ryazhanka

See also

References

  1. ^ "Food in Ukraine – Ukrainian Food, Ukrainian Cuisine – traditional, popular, dishes, recipe, diet, history, common, meals, staple". www.foodbycountry.com.
  2. ^ "Ukrainian National Food and Cuisine". ukrainetrek.com.
  3. ^ "5 Best Ukraine traditional Foods".
  4. ^ "The Bread Basket of Europe". InfoPlease.
  5. ^ a b c d "Cuisine – Flavors and Colors of Ukrainian Culture." Ukraine.com. Accessed July 2011.
  6. ^ a b c "Ukraine National Food, Meals and Cookery." Ukrainetrek.com. Accessed July 2011.
  7. ^ Merrill, Lorraine (2003). "Environment". In Katz, Solomon (ed.). Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. Vol. 1. New York: Charles Scribners' Sons. p. 576. ISBN 0-684-80565-0.
  8. ^ Stuffed Pork Rolls with Mushrooms (Kruchenyky). Enjoyyourcooking.com (2010-11-20). Retrieved on 2016-12-17.
  9. ^ Recipe: Kutia, Star of the Ukrainian Christmas Eve Supper Archived 2019-11-14 at the Wayback Machine. Sovabooks.com.au. Retrieved on 2016-12-17.

Further reading