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The cuisine of Sardinia is the traditional cuisine of the island of Sardinia, and the expression of its culinary art. It is characterised by its own variety, and by the fact of having been enriched through a number of interactions with the other Mediterranean cultures while retaining its own identity. Sardinia's food culture is strictly divided into food from the land and food from the sea, reflecting the island's historical vicissitudes and especially its geographic landscapes, spacing from the coastline to the ragged mountains of the interior. The Sardinian cuisine is considered part of the Mediterranean diet, a nutritional model that was proclaimed by UNESCO as an intangible cultural heritage.

Seafood

According to some studies, it seems that the garum, a fermented fish sauce beloved by the ancient Roman patricians, came from Sardinia too. The excavation sites around the Cagliari port bear witness of the fact that the ancient Sardinians from the coastal areas never ceased their activities on the sea. Sardinian seafood culture had been influenced by the Italian Pisan-Genoan cuisine, especially to the South-West of the island, and by the Catalan culture starting from Alghero all the way to the Strait of Bonifacio. The coastal centres, especially Cagliari, Carloforte, Oristano, Alghero, Castelsardo, Santa Teresa di Gallura, La Maddalena and Olbia, present fish- and crustacean-based dishes with recipes exalting their local qualities[citation needed] .

Inland and mountain food

First courses

Here are some typical first courses:

Second courses

Sweets

Even desserts, like the other products of Sardinian gastronomy, vary considerably from region to region. Here are the most known ones:

Bread

Wine

Several vineyards are present in every corner across the island, from the Campidanese and coastal plains, to the hilly and mountainous highlands. The particular composition of the soil and the sunny climate allow for high quality productions. The long winemaking tradition has its roots in the Nuraghic past, and from then on it did not suffer any interruptions since the island never fell under Arab rule, and thus the Islamic prohibition on alcohol did not affect Sardinia at all; on the contrary, winemaking saw a major increase in the Byzantine and the Judgedoms period. Today, there are 15 IGT, 19 DOC and 1 Docg wines on the island. The Cannonau is a typical sardinian red wine very rich in phenols made from Grenache grapes - perfect for red meats.

Cheese

One of the popular cheeses of the area is casu marzu, a Sardinian sheep's milk cheese that contains live maggots to help assist the fermentation of the cheese.

Bibliography