The cuisine of Bahrain consists of dishes such as biryani, harees, khabeesa, machboos, mahyawa, maglooba, quzi and zalabia. Arabic coffee (qahwah) is the national beverage.
Bahrain is a small island state near the western shores of the Persian Gulf. Much of the cuisine of Bahrain is a mixture of Arabic, Persian, Indian, Balochi, African, Far East and European food due to the influence of the various communities present, as Bahrain was an important seaport and trading junction since ancient times.
Some of the common dishes prepared in Bahraini households are:
- Masli (Arabic: المصلي) – rice cooked with chicken, meat, fish or shrimp with the ingredients cooked directly into the pot
- Biryani (Arabic: برياني) – a very common dish, consisting of heavily seasoned rice cooked with chicken or lamb, originally from the Indian sub-continent
- Fi Ga'atah (Arabic: في قاعته) or taht al aysh (Arabic: تحت العيش) – white rice cooked with tomatoes, potatoes and eggplant in the bottom of the pan
- Harees, (Arabic: هريس) – Wheat cooked with meat then mashed, usually topped with cinnamon sugar
- Jireesh (Yireesh) (Arabic: جريش) – a mash of cooked spelt with chicken or lamb, tomatoes and some spices
- Machboos (Arabic: مجبوس) – a dish made with mutton, chicken or fish served over fragrant rice that has been cooked in a well-spiced chicken/mutton broth
- Mahyawa (Arabic: مهياوة) – a tangy fish sauce
- Mumawwash, (Arabic: مموش) – rice cooked with green lentils and can be topped with dry shrimp
- Muhammar (Arabic: محمر) – rice dish made from local rice with dates or sugar and one of the most distinctive rice dishes in Bahrain, always served with fried fish, especially the net fish of Bahrain
- Quzi (Ghoozi) (Arabic: قوزي أو غوزي) – Bahraini dish consisting of a roasted lamb stuffed with rice, meat, eggs and other ingredients
- Falafel (Arabic: فلافل ) – a dish consisting of fried chickpeas served as fried balls in sandwiches with vegetables; not originally from Bahrain but it is popular.
- Al-Mudalal (Arabic: المدلل) – rice cooked with herbs and mixed with small pieces of chicken, and then a special kind of butter, which is specially prepared for this dish, is added
Typical Bahraini beverages
Qahwah is the national beverage while tea is drunk for hospitality. Other popular beverages include laban (a kind of salty buttermilk), yoghurt drinks, sharbat (sweet drinks) like the rose sharbat or rose with milk, and soft drinks.
Bahrain produces only a small amount of its food requirements due to limited land space and imports much of its food.