Kisra made with millet and okra sauce
Location of Chad

Chadian cuisine is the cooking traditions, practices, foods and dishes associated with the Republic of Chad. Chadians use a medium variety of grains, vegetables, fruits and meats. Commonly consumed grains include millet,[1] sorghum,[1] and rice as staple foods. Commonly eaten vegetables include okra and cassava. A variety of fruits are also eaten. Meats include mutton, chicken, pork, goat, fish, lamb and beef. The day's main meal is typically consumed in the evening on a large communal plate, with men and women usually eating in separate areas.[1] This meal is typically served on the ground upon a mat, with people sitting and eating around it.[1]

Northern and southern cuisines

Fish is more abundant in southern Chad, including tilapia, perch, eel, carp and catfish.[2] Southern Chadians do not consume many dairy products from livestock, and are not as dependent upon fish as a protein source, but have more options in using fresh produce and spices compared to people in northern Chad. People in Northern Chad include nomadic Arabs and Tuaregs who rely upon staple foods, including dairy products and meats.[3]

Foods and dishes

Millet porridge



Goat meat

Fruits and vegetables

Okra is widely consumed in Chad[2]
Sorghum balls with dried okra sauce[2]

* Particularly common in Southern Chad[1][2]


Tea is the most commonly consumed beverage in Chad.[1] Red, black and green teas are consumed in Chadian cuisine. Karkanji/carcaje[1][2] is a red tea made from dried hibiscus flowers with ginger, clove, cinnamon and sugar added to taste. It is very common in Chad.[1] Liquor and millet beer are consumed by non-Muslim Chadians in Southern regions of the country.[1] Millet beer is known as bili-bili.[3]

Additional beverages in Chadian cuisine include:

International representation

Chadian cuisine has made its way into the international culinary scene. The globalization of food, travel, and the Chadian diaspora have all contributed to the spread of Chadian cuisine outside of Chad. In cities with significant African communities, such as Paris, London, and New York, Chadian dishes can sometimes be found in African restaurants or at cultural events.

Some popular Chadian dishes that have gained recognition abroad include:

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Zuchora-Walske, Christine (2009). Chad in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. pp. 53-55. ISBN 1575059568
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "African Cuisine - Chad |". Archived from the original on 22 January 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Hitton, Shanti. "Food in Chad, Africa". USA Today. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Evans, Dyfed Lloyd The Recipes of Africa. Dyfed Lloyd Evans. pp. 162-165
  5. ^ McGuigan, Brendan. "Culture of Chad, Africa". USA Today. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
  6. ^ Miller, Jeff; Deutsch, Jonathan (2009). "Food Studies". doi:10.5040/9781350047679. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)