Goan cuisine consists of regional foods popular in Goa, an Indian state located along India's west coast on the shore of the Arabian Sea. Rice, seafood, coconut, vegetables, meat, bread, pork and local spices are some of the main ingredients in Goan cuisine. Use of kokum and vinegar is another distinct feature. Goan food is considered incomplete without fish.
The cuisine of Goa originated from its Konkani roots, and was influenced by the 451 years of Portuguese rule and the Sultanate rule that preceded the Portuguese. Many Catholic dishes are either similar to or variants of their Portuguese counterparts in both naming or their use of ingredients.
The Portuguese introduced cashew nuts, pineapples, guavas, potatoes, and tomatoes from Latin America to Goa, and consequently the rest of India. Chillies are the most important aspect of Goan cuisine; it was introduced by the Portuguese and became immensely popular as a very important spice for wider Indian cuisine. One of Goa's beloved dishes is called Sorpotel, which is made from pork.
Fish Suke (सुकें नूस्तें) or Dhabdhabit — Dry spicy preparation of fish, served as a side dish
Fish udid methi/uddamethi (उद्दमेथी) — Type of curry consisting of fenugreek and mackerel; a vegetarian version of this dish is also prepared using hog plums (or anything sour and tangy, such as pieces of raw mango)
Kismur (किस्मुर) — A type of side dish normally consisting of dried fish (mostly mackerel or shrimp), onions, and coconut
Varan — A lentil preparation often made with coconut milk tempered with mustard, curry leaves, and chilies, served as an accompaniment to rice for the Naivedya, prepared during all Hindu festivals, and an integral part of wedding feasts.
Tondāk (तोंडाक) — A dish with beans and cashews as the primary ingredients
Different varieties of sweets made from rice and lentils, such as payasu, patoli, madgane and kheer. (गोड्शें)
Roast beef and beef tongue — Popular entrees at Goan celebrations
Ros omelette — An omelette drowned in spicy chicken or chickpea gravy and served with pão (Luso-Goan bread)
Samarachi koddi — Goan curry made with fresh and dried prawns
Sanna – A moist spongy rice cake; a variant of idli
Solantule kodi — A picquant coconut milk and kokum curry
Sorpotel (Sarapatel) — A very spicy pork dish eaten with sannas or pão (Goan bread – spelled the same way as in Portugal)
Vindalho — A spicy curry traditionally made with pork. The name is derived from the Portuguese term for ‘garlic’ and ‘wine’ (“vinho e alho” or “vinha d'alhos”) marinade. Contrary to popular versions made outside Goa, a traditional vindalho does not contain any meat besides pork. It also does not contain any potatoes nor is its name related to the Hindi word ‘āloo’ (potato).
Xacuti (Shâgotî) — Type of curry made with roasted grated coconut and pieces of chicken or lamb.