A cuisine is specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture or region. Each cuisine involves food preparation in a particular style, of food and drink of particular types, to produce individually consumed items or distinct meals. A cuisine is frequently named after the region or place where it originated. A cuisine is primarily influenced by the ingredients that are available locally or through trade. Religious food laws can also exercise a strong influence on such culinary practices.

Regional and ethnic cuisines

Global cuisine is a cuisine that is practiced around the world. A cuisine is a characteristic style of cooking practices and traditions,[1] often associated with a specific region, country[2] or culture. To become a global cuisine, a local, regional or national cuisine must spread around the world with its food served worldwide.

Regional cuisine is based upon national, state or local regions.[3] Regional cuisines may vary based upon food availability and trade, varying climates, cooking traditions and practices, and cultural differences.[4] One noteworthy definition is based upon traditional cuisine: "A traditional cuisine is a coherent tradition of food preparation that rises from the daily lives and kitchens of a people over an extended period in a specific region of a country, or a specific country, and which, when localized, has notable distinctions from the cuisine of the country as a whole."[4]

African cuisine

Main article: List of African cuisines

Central African cuisine

Ndolé, the national dish of Cameroon
Ndolé, the national dish of Cameroon

East African cuisine

Meal consisting of injera and several kinds of wat or tsebhi (stew), typical of Ethiopian cuisine
Meal consisting of injera and several kinds of wat or tsebhi (stew), typical of Ethiopian cuisine

North African cuisine

See also: Maghrebi cuisine

Cooking tajine, a typical North African dish
Cooking tajine, a typical North African dish

Southern African cuisine

West African cuisine

Main article: West African cuisine

Jollof rice, a famous West African dish
Jollof rice, a famous West African dish

Cuisine of the Americas

Main article: List of cuisines of the Americas

North American cuisine

Red pozole, a common Mexican stew, with various accompaniments
Red pozole, a common Mexican stew, with various accompaniments
American cuisine

Main article: American cuisine

A meal typical of soul food: fried chicken, macaroni and cheese, collard greens, fried okra, and cornbread

Central American cuisine

Main article: Central American cuisine

South American cuisine

Main article: South American cuisine

Ceviche, one of the most famous South American dishes
Ceviche, one of the most famous South American dishes

Caribbean cuisine

Main article: Caribbean cuisine

Ackee and saltfish, the national dish of Jamaica
Ackee and saltfish, the national dish of Jamaica

Asian cuisine

Main article: List of Asian cuisines

Central Asian cuisine

Main article: Central Asian cuisine

East Asian cuisine

A spread of various Korean banchan
A spread of various Korean banchan
Chinese cuisine

Main article: Chinese cuisine

Hot and sour noodles topped with pork intestines, peanuts, and bok choy, a popular Sichuan street snack
Hot and sour noodles topped with pork intestines, peanuts, and bok choy, a popular Sichuan street snack
Xiaolongbao served in a traditional steaming basket
Xiaolongbao served in a traditional steaming basket

South Asian cuisine

Main article: Cuisine of the Indian subcontinent

Indian cuisine

Main article: Indian cuisine

Uttar Pradeshi thali (platter) with naan, rice, daal, raita, shahi paneer, and salad
Uttar Pradeshi thali (platter) with naan, rice, daal, raita, shahi paneer, and salad
Dosa, a South Indian flatbread, with sambar and chutney
Dosa, a South Indian flatbread, with sambar and chutney
Pakistani cuisine
A variety of Pakistani dinner dishes – Starting from the left: gobi aloo, seekh kebab, and beef karahi
A variety of Pakistani dinner dishes – Starting from the left: gobi aloo, seekh kebab, and beef karahi

Main article: Pakistani cuisine

Southeast Asian cuisine

Lao-style larb ped with duck
Lao-style larb ped with duck
Indonesian cuisine
Nasi goreng with shrimp and egg, a typical Indonesian breakfast
Nasi goreng with shrimp and egg, a typical Indonesian breakfast

Main article: Indonesian cuisine

West Asian cuisine

Main article: West Asian cuisine

See also: Arab cuisine

A spread of various meze, one of the distinctive aspects of Levantine cuisine
A spread of various meze, one of the distinctive aspects of Levantine cuisine

European cuisine

Main article: List of European cuisines

Central European cuisine

Main article: Central European cuisine

See also: Alpine cuisine

German cuisine
Bratwurst, a traditional German sausage
Bratwurst, a traditional German sausage

Main article: German cuisine

Eastern European cuisine

Main article: Eastern European cuisine

Borscht, a common Eastern European soup, with a side of pampushky
Borscht, a common Eastern European soup, with a side of pampushky

Northern European cuisine

A traditional Scottish meal: haggis, neeps and tatties
A traditional Scottish meal: haggis, neeps and tatties

Southern European cuisine

See also: Mediterranean cuisine

See also: Mediterranean diet

Tagliatelle al ragù, a typical Italian dish of the city of Bologna
Tagliatelle al ragù, a typical Italian dish of the city of Bologna
Seafood paella, one of the best-known Spanish dishes
Seafood paella, one of the best-known Spanish dishes

Western European cuisine

Baguettes, a symbol of French cuisine and culture
Baguettes, a symbol of French cuisine and culture

Oceanic cuisine

Main article: Oceanic cuisine

Poi, a staple Polynesian food
Poi, a staple Polynesian food

Cuisine styles

A Jacques Lameloise (a three-star Michelin Guide chef) nouvelle cuisine presentation
A Jacques Lameloise (a three-star Michelin Guide chef) nouvelle cuisine presentation

Religious cuisines

A table set for Seder, a Jewish feast
A table set for Seder, a Jewish feast

Historical cuisines

Main article: List of historical cuisines

References

  1. ^ Cuisine (definition). Thefreedictionary.com. Accessed June 2011.
  2. ^ "Cuisine (definition)". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Region." (Definition). Merriam-Webster dictionary. Accessed June 2011.
  4. ^ a b "The American Food Revolutions: Cuisines in America." Eldrbarry.net. Accessed June 2011.