Soto ayam, Indonesian counterpart of chicken soup.

This is a list of Indonesian soups. Indonesian cuisine is diverse, in part because Indonesia is composed of approximately 6,000 populated islands of the total 18,000 in the world's largest archipelago,[1] with more than 1,300 ethnic groups.[2] Many regional cuisines exist, often based upon indigenous culture and foreign influences.[1] Indonesian soups are known to be flavoursome with generous amount of bumbu spice mixture.

Indonesian cuisine has a diverse variety of soups.[3] Some Indonesian soups may be served as meals,[3] while others are lighter.[4] The Makassarese of South Sulawesi, Indonesia are known for preparing "hearty beef soups"[5] that also use coconut and lemongrass as ingredients.[6]


Sop buntut, Indonesian oxtail soup.

Generally Indonesian soups and stews are grouped into four major groups with numbers of variants in between.

  1. Soto refer to variety of Indonesian traditionally spiced meat soups, either in clear broth or in rich coconut milk-base soup, example includes soto ayam.
  2. Sayur refer to traditional vegetables stews, such as sayur asem and sayur lodeh.
  3. Sop or sup usually refer to soups derived from western influences, such as sop buntut.
  4. Mi kuah refer to various noodle soups of Indonesia, usually refer to noodle soups derived from Chinese and Peranakan influences, such as mi bakso kuah and laksa. In Indonesia, noodles are not normally classed as soup, since the dry stir fried version of noodle is also common in the country.

This list includes soups that originated in Indonesia as well as those that are common in the country.

Indonesian soups and stews

This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.

Soto (traditional soups)

Soto babat, tripe soto.

Sayur (vegetable soups)

Binte biluhuta or Milu siram, a corn soup with skipjack tuna and shrimp.
Sayur asem, vegetable tamarind soup.

Chicken soups

Opor ayam, chicken in coconut milk soup.

Fish or seafood soups

Ikan kerapu kuah asam, grouper in sour soup from Manado.

Meat and offal soups

Konro, spicy ribs soup.
Tongseng, sweet and spicy goat meat soup.

Noodle soups

Laksa betawi, served with emping.
Mie koclok, chicken noodle soup.
Mie kuah, boiled noodles with Javanese-style.


Commercially prepared soups

Commercially prepared and packaged soups are also consumed in Indonesia, including those that are frozen, canned and dehydrated.[24] In 2013, commercially prepared soups had a value growth of 14% in Indonesia.[24] In 2013 the company Supra Sumber Cipta held its leadership in this food category, with a 32% value share in Indonesia.[24]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Indonesian Cuisine." Archived 2017-08-23 at the Wayback Machine . Accessed July 2011.
  2. ^ "Mengulik Data Suku di Indonesia". Badan Pusat Statistik. 18 November 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b Cornell, K.; Anwar, M. (2004). Cooking the Indonesian Way: Culturally Authentic Foods Including Low-fat and Vegetarian Recipes. Easy Menu Ethnic Cookbooks 2nd Edition. Ebsco Publishing. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-8225-2157-0. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  4. ^ Yuen, D. (2013). Indonesian Cooking: Satays, Sambals and More. Tuttle Publishing. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-4629-0853-0. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Von Holzen, H.; Hutton, W.; Arsana, L. (1999). The Food of Indonesia: Authentic Recipes from the Spice Islands. Periplus World Food Series. Periplus Editions. p. 58. ISBN 978-962-593-389-4. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  6. ^ a b von Holzen, H.; Arsana, L.; Hutton, W. (2015). The Food of Indonesia: Delicious Recipes from Bali, Java and the Spice Islands. Tuttle Publishing. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-4629-1491-3. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "40 of Indonesia's best dishes". CNN Travel. August 9, 2011. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  8. ^ Moskin, Julia (January 7, 2009). "Soto Ayam (Indonesian Chicken Soup With Noodles and Aromatics) Recipe". New York Times Cooking. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  9. ^ "Coto Ranggong, a delicious eatery that harks back to the past". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
  10. ^ "Recipe: Soup Brenebon". FAO.
  11. ^ a b Witton, Patrick; Elliott, Mark (2003), Lonely Planet Indonesia. Lonely Planet Publications, p. 108
  12. ^ Ilham (2015-11-10). "Resep Masakan Ikan Cakalang Kuah Kuning Yang Gurih". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-04-28.
  13. ^ Inc, Tastemade. "Sop Ikan Batam ~ Resep". Tastemade (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-04-28. ((cite web)): |last= has generic name (help)
  14. ^ "Sup Udang Pedah - Sajian Sedap". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-04-28.
  15. ^ a b "Bakso: The Indonesian meatball soup President Obama loved as a child". NY Daily News. Associated Press. November 18, 2010. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  16. ^ "Resep Pallu basa (khas Makassar) oleh Anna Marbun". Cookpad (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2017-12-12.
  17. ^ Wongso, W.; Tobing, H. (2013). Homestyle Indonesian Cooking (in Spanish). Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4629-1106-6. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  18. ^ Whitmarsh, A.; Wood, M. (2013). Jakarta: 25 Excursions in and Around the Indonesian Capital. Tuttle Publishing. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-4629-0893-6. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
  19. ^ Usman (23 March 2012). "Wisata Kuliner Makassar: Menikmati Sop Saudara Dan Ikan Bandeng Bakar Khas Pangkep". MakassaRTV. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  20. ^ Planet, L.; Berkmoes, R.V.; Brash, C.; Cohen, M.; Elliott, M.; Mitra, G.; Noble, J.; Skolnick, A.; Stewart, I.; Waters, S. (2010). Lonely Planet Indonesia. Travel Guide. Lonely Planet Publications. ISBN 978-1-74220-348-5. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  21. ^ "Recipe: Tabu Moitomo Gorontalo". Omar Niode Foundation. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  22. ^ Von Holzen, H.; Ltd, M.C.I.P. (2014). A New Approach to Indonesian Cooking. Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Private Limited. p. 15. ISBN 978-981-4634-95-3. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  23. ^ Kraig, B.; D, C.T.S.P. (2013). Street Food around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 184. ISBN 978-1-59884-955-4. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  24. ^ a b c "Soup in Indonesia". Euromonitor International. March 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015.