Alternative namesTharid
CourseMain course
Place of originArabian Peninsula
Region or stateNorth-Africa, Middle-East and Southeast Asia
Serving temperatureMain dish
Main ingredientsBread, vegetable or meat broth

Tharid (Arabic: ثريد, also known as trid, taghrib, tashreeb or thareed) is a bread soup from Arab cuisine found in many Arab countries. Like other bread soups, it a simple meal of broth and bread in this instance crumbled flatbread moistened with broth or stew.[1] Historically, the flatbread used was probably stale and unleavened.[2] As an Arab national dish it is considered strongly evocative of Arab identity during the lifetime of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. According to a widespread legend, this unremarkable and humble dish was the prophet's favorite food.[3]

It is especially consumed in the holy month of Ramadan.[citation needed]


The dish belongs to Arabian cultures. The dish is notable in that it was mentioned in a number of hadith attributed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad, in which he said that tharid was the best among all dishes, and that it was superior to other dishes in the way that Aishah was superior to other women.[4]


Tharid is not only widespread in the Arabian Peninsula, but also in North Africa, where it is known as trid; Turkey, where it is known as tirit; and even in Xinjiang, where it is known as terit. Multiple variations of the recipe were brought to Spain by the Arabs. The Moroccan rfissa is created by ladling a chicken and lentil stew on top of thin crepe-like flat bread (warqa) that has been cut into long thin pieces. In Syria, a similar dish named fatteh is made by a mix of roasted and minced flatbread with yogurt and cooked meat. In Indonesia, tharid is known via Malay cuisine, due to Arab influences on Malay culinary culture.[5]


Dipping the bread into the broth, and eating it with the meat is the simplest method of eating tharid. Another variation involves stacking the bread and the meat in several layers.


See also


  1. ^ Convery, Paul (2019). Eat Your Words: The Definitive Dictionary for the Discerning Diner. Mango Media Inc. ISBN 9781642501353.
  2. ^ Curtis, Edward, ed. (2010). Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History. Infobase Publishing. p. 127. ISBN 9781438130408.
  3. ^ Zaouali, Lilia (September 2009). Medieval Cuisine of the Islamic World: A Concise History with 174 Recipes. University of California Press. p. xiii. ISBN 978-0-520-26174-7. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  4. ^ Coeli Fitzpatrick Ph.D.; Adam Hani Walker (25 April 2014). Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 214. ISBN 978-1-61069-178-9.
  5. ^ "22 Delicious Malay And Indonesian Dishes The Whole Family Will Love". Women's Weekly. 17 May 2020.