Cakalang fufu
Cakalang fufu in North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Place of originIndonesia
Region or stateMinahasa, North Sulawesi
Serving temperatureHot or room temperature
Main ingredientssmoked skipjack tuna

Cakalang fufu is a cured and smoked skipjack tuna clipped on a bamboo frame, a Minahasan delicacy of North Sulawesi, Indonesia.[1]


After the cakalang (Minahasan for skipjack tuna) fish has been cleaned (scaled and gutted), the flesh of cakalang is split into two parts and clipped upon a bamboo frame that has been prepared previously. Then the fish meat is cured using soda powder, salt and some spices for flavouring. The cakalang meat later undergoes the smoking process, the heat of fire and smoke must be evenly distributed so that all parts of fish are exposed to the heat, done and dried. The tuna meat curing process takes about four hours and the time needed for cooling is about two hours. The process goes on until the color of skipjack tuna turns reddish and the meat texture is rather dry and not watery.[2]

Bamboo frame used in smoking

If processed correctly, cakalang fufu could last for a month, thus can be distributed throughout Indonesia as processed seafood.[3] In North Sulawesi, cakalang fufu is a popular dish and often bought by travellers as gifts.[4] Although it is well known throughout Eastern Indonesia, the main production center more precisely is the fishing town of Bitung, North Sulawesi.[2]

Cakalang fufu can be heated or fried and directly consumed with steamed rice accompanied with dabu-dabu (Minahasan sambal), or become the ingredient of other dishes, such as mixed with potato salad, sprinkled upon noodles or tinutuan, or cooked as spicy rica-rica with chili pepper.[5] It has a strong smoky flavor, thanks to being cooked over burning coconut husks.[6]

Product distribution

Cakalang fufu products can be found in major cities across Indonesia.[7] A common problem for local producers of cakalang fufu is raising the capital necessary to expand production. To solve this problem the Ministry of Industry (Indonesia) provides concessional loans (soft loans) through local governments.[8] Local governments also participate in fairs and festivals to increase public awareness of cakalang fufu.[7]

See also


  1. ^ "Cakalang Fufu Jadi Pilihan di Sulut" (in Indonesian). 15 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-01-01. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b Tiffany (14 September 2011). "Cakalang fufu". Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  3. ^ Josephus Primus (25 September 2009). "Cakalang Fufu Bisa Tahan Sebulan" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  4. ^ Nancy. "Berburu Cakalang Fufu di Manado" (in Indonesian). Cyber Sulut. Archived from the original on 2012-06-08. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  5. ^ Dyah A. Dhyani. "Cakalang Fufu Rabe Rica" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  6. ^ "Food for Thought: Manado Cooking Meets Italian Fare". The Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 3 February 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  7. ^ a b Diposkan oleh manado bisnis. "Sulut Promosikan Cakalang Fufu dan Roa Gepe di Semarang - info manado bisnis" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  8. ^ "Pengusaha Cakalang Fufu Kesulitan Memasarkan Usahanya - Tribun Manado" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 11 June 2012.