Fish cracker
Fish crackers
Alternative namesKrupuk ikan
Place of originIndonesia[1]
Region or stateSoutheast Asia
Serving temperatureRoom temperature
Main ingredientsFish, tapioca starch, spices and other ingredients
VariationsDifferent variations according to ingredients

Fish crackers are deep-fried crackers made from fish and spices, originating from Indonesia. The crackers are made mainly with tapioca flour and/or sago flour and then salt, sugar, and MSG as seasonings.[2] Fish crackers can be found throughout Southeast Asia and East Asia. However, they are more commonly found and of greater variety in Indonesia and Malaysia.


Bags of fish cracker sold in Surabaya
Krupuk Bangka


Like krupuk udang (prawn cracker), krupuk ikan (fish cracker) is a popular type of krupuk in Indonesia. Tenggiri (wahoo) and cakalang (skipjack tuna) probably are popular fish used for fish crackers. Nevertheless, other edible fish, such as bawal (pomfret) and ekor kuning (Caesionidae), might also be used.

Many coastal fishing towns and cities in Indonesia have developed their recipes and types. Cirebon in West Java and Palembang in South Sumatra are famous for their unique fish crackers that use tengiri.[3] The flat kemplang style of fish cracker is associated with the Southern Sumatra region, from Lampung, Palembang, to Bangka island, while the cylindrical amplang style is associated with coastal Borneo, from Samarinda, Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, to Pontianak. In Palembang, fish crackers are usually eaten with pempek fish cake with kuah cuko (a sweet, spicy, and sour vinegar-based sauce).

Coastal fishing towns are traditionally known as the production centers for fish crackers. In Indonesia, fish crackers are produced in Bangka and on Belitung island, Cirebon in West Java, Juwana in Central Java, and Sidoarjo in East Java.[4] Major coastal cities such as Palembang, Bandar Lampung, Medan, Makassar, Pontianak, and Samarinda are also major production centers.


A favourite snack in Malaysia and neighbouring countries, several fish cracker producers operate in the coastal areas of Malaysia, such as Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang, Johor, Kedah, Sabah, and Sarawak.[2][5] The types of fish normally used to process these fish crackers include the wolf herring (ikan parang), sardines (ikan tamban), round scad (ikan selayang), threadfin bream (ikan kerisi), ox-eyed scad (ikan lolong bara), goatfish (ikan biji nangka), lizard fish (ikan conor) and many others.[2]

Historically, Mukah, a fishing town in Sarawak, is known for producing fish crackers.[6]

See also


  1. ^ Aisyah, Rani (2018-11-08). "Ternyata Seperti Ini Sejarah Kerupuk, Penganan yang Nggak Pernah Absen Saat Makan". Retrieved 2019-12-02.
  2. ^ a b c "Fish Crackers". Department of Fisheries, Malaysia. Archived from the original on 16 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  3. ^ "Fish on the menu". The Jakarta Post. 1 August 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Sidoarjo Cracker Industry". 4 November 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  5. ^ nana (7 May 2010). "Amplang Crackers". Tourism Malaysia Blog. Archived from the original on 16 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  6. ^ Pat Foh Chang (1999). Legends and history of Sarawak. Chang Pat Foh. ISBN 978-983-9475-07-4.