|Type||Spiced curry stew|
|Place of origin||India|
|Region or state||South India|
|Main ingredients||Tamarind broth, lentils, vegetables|
|139 kcal (582 kJ)|
Sambar (Tamil: [saːmbaːɾ] (listen), romanized: Sāmbār) is a lentil-based vegetable stew, cooked with pigeon pea and tamarind broth. It is popular in South Indian, Sri Lankan and Maldivian cuisines. The stew has been adapted into Burmese cuisine as a popular accompaniment to Burmese curries.
The story about the origin of sambar states that the original recipe for sambar can actually be traced to Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji's son Sambhaji. Legend has it that Shivaji's son Chhatrapati Sambhaji Raje Bhonsale, who was one of the Maratha rulers, attempted to make dal for himself when his head chef was away. He loved his own concoction which was then referred to as 'Sambar'.   
Comparably, according to food historian K. T. Achaya, the earliest extant mention of sambar in literature can be dated to the 17th century in Tamilakam.
The word sambar (சாம்பார்) stems from the Tamil word champāram (சம்பாரம்).
A Tamil inscription of 1530 CE, shows the use of the word champāram in the sense of meaning a dish of rice accompanying other rice dishes or spice ingredients with which a dish of vegetable rice is cooked:
அமுதுபடி கறியமுது பல சம்பாரம் நெய்யமுதுள்ப்பட தளிகை ஒன்றுக்கு பணம் ஒன்றாக
Amutupaṭi kaṟiyamutu pala campāram neyyamutuḷppaṭa taḷikai oṉṟukku paṇam oṉṟāka.
Cooked rice offerings, including curry rice (pepper rice or vegetable rice), many types of spiced rice (pala champaaram) and ghee rice, at the rate of one pa’nam (a denomination of money) per one portion.
Sambar is variously called thizone chinyay hin (သီးစုံချဉ်ရည်ဟင်း; lit. 'assorted vegetables sour soup'), thizone pe kala hin (သီးစုံပဲကလားဟင်း, lit. 'assorted vegetables chickpea soup'), or derivatives like thizone hin or pe kala hin in the Burmese language. The Burmese version incorporates dried salted fish and a variety of vegetables including eggplants, okra, moringa, gourd, green beans, and potatoes in a soup base of pureed chickpeas, which is seasoned with ripe tamarind, curry leaf, pyindawthein leaf, masala, cumin, chilies, onions and garlic.