|Alternative names||Japanese Egg Roll Fried Rice|
|Place of origin||Japan|
|Main ingredients||Chicken eggs, rice and ketchup optional|
|Variations||Omu Curry, Omuhayashi (with hayashi rice), Omu-Soba, Tampopo omurice|
Omurice or omu-rice (オムライス, Omu-raisu) is a Japanese dish consisting of an omelette made with fried rice and thin, fried scrambled eggs, usually topped with ketchup. It is a popular dish also commonly cooked at home. Children in particular enjoy omurice. It is often featured in Japan's version of a children's meal, okosama-ranchi (お子様ランチ).
With omu and raisu being derived from the Japanese pronunciation of the French word omelette and the English word rice, the name is an example of wasei-eigo.
Stories about the origins of omurice vary. One story says that it originated around the turn of the 20th century at a Western-style restaurant in Tokyo's Ginza district called Renga-tei, inspired by chakin-zushi.
Another story says that the dish originated in 1925 at another Western-style restaurant – Hokkyokusei in Minami, Osaka – when a cook decided to enliven a regular customer's order of an omelet with rice.
The dish typically consists of chikin raisu(ja) (chicken rice: rice pan-fried with ketchup and chicken) wrapped in a thin sheet of fried scrambled eggs. The ingredients flavoring the rice vary. Often, the rice is fried with various meats (but typically chicken) or vegetables, and can be flavored with beef stock, ketchup, demi-glace, white sauce or simply salt and pepper. Sometimes, rice is replaced with fried noodles (yakisoba) to make omusoba. A variant in Okinawa is omutako, consisting of an omelet over taco rice. Fried hot dog and Spam are also two popular meats to include in the dish.
A similar dish exists in Southeast Asia, especially in Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore, and is called nasi goreng pattaya. It is a fried rice dish, covering chicken fried rice in thin fried egg or omelet.
Volga rice is another similar dish.
A new kind of omurice was developed for the 1985 comedy film Tampopo in collaboration with Taimeiken, a famous restaurant in Nihonbashi. This version has the rice covered with a half-cooked omelet which is cut open to spread and cover the rice. This version has become so popular that it is the restaurant standard now. Home cooks typically cook a thin omelet completely and then place it over the seasoned rice and decorate it with ketchup.
Homestyle omurice is a frequent item on maid cafe menus since the addition of ketchup allows a maid to decorate the meal easily at the table as a form of "service."