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Sevai plain320.jpg
Freshly extruded sevai
Alternative namesShavige
TypeRice noodle/rice vermicelli
Place of originIndia
Main ingredientsRice

Sevai[1][2] (Hindi : सेवई), shavige (Kannada: ಶಾವಿಗೆ) or santhakai (Kongu Nadu: சந்தகை), or Saemia is a type of rice vermicelli popular in northern India as a dessert while popular in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and some parts of Kerala as a dessert.[3] While typically made from rice, varieties made out of other food grains like wheat, ragi, and others can also be found. Sevai is a popular dessert in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh as a dessert after dinner.


Sevai is mostly made fresh starting from rice grains. It is also prepared from dried sevai packs (or rice sticks) like the instant ones in the Asian grocery stores. Traditionally, making of sevai at home consists of the following steps (with minor variations based on location and family customs):


Homemade sevai is often made from 100% rice (in addition to water and salt) whereas dry rice sticks may often have some additives like tapioca, corn starch, etc. Instant rice noodles have other additives like Wheat gluten, Guar gum, edible starch, etc. In Southern parts of Karnataka, shyaavige is made of different grains with different consistencies. When made with ragi or millet the vermicelli is fatter, whereas when made with rice or wheat the strands are thinner.

Also shyaavige can be of two types

The dessert - it's usually mixed with roasted ground nut and jaggery Powder or with sesame and jaggery Powder or it can be made as payasam ( kheer ) with milk ,sugar/ jaggery, cardamom, saffron

This is also made in other way where shyaavige is dipped in payasam made of gasgase , jaggery, milk , cardamom .

And the oralu chithranna ( spicy shyaavige )

Made of same ingredients used for lemon rice without onion ,

Sevai versus Idiyappam

Sevai is similar to idiyappam, in the ingredients and preparation. Sevai, unlike idiyappam, is typically broken or cut up rather than in piles of noodles. In this way, sevai is treated almost as a substitute for rice. Idiyappam, by contrast, is served almost as a substitute for appam with side dishes like curries or kormas.

Tamarind, lemon & coconut sevai.
Tamarind, lemon & coconut sevai.

The press used to make sevai and idiyappam are essentially the same. Sevai is also typically not served with curries other side dishes, but rather mixed with a flavoring like lemon, tamarind paste, coconut, or uddina pudi (a type of powder made from black gram dal in Karnataka). Called shavige in Karnataka, it can also be prepared with cooked vegetables and tempered with spices with a dash of lemon juice.

Sevai is typically served in Tamil Nadu and other South Indian communities as a breakfast or tiffin dish, but also served as a dessert such as payasam when cooked in milk with cardamom or other spices and sugar. The cuisine of Kongu region in Tamil Nadu has a variation of this with a name Santhagai and included in wedding ceremony rituals of the region. In the Malnad region of Karnataka, it may be served with chicken curry, rather unlike how it is usually served in other parts of South India. Sankethi communities also differ from the norm in that they prepare idiyappam and serve it like sevai, flavored with lemon, tamarind, or uddina pudi. Other variants of sevai (or idiyappam for that matter) can be made with ragi, jowar, or other grains are served plain with accompaniments like sweetened coconut milk and various edible powders that include powdered chickpea and sesame. In Tamil Nadu santhakai is often flavoured with lemon, tamarind, tomato, coconut, curd etc. and is usually eaten warm.

See also


  1. ^ "History – National Pasta Association (NPA)". 10 June 2021. Archived from the original on 10 June 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  2. ^ "दूध वाली मीठी सेवई | Sewai Recipe | Sevai Kheer | How to Make Sewai | Vermicelli Recipe | Payasam - YouTube". YouTube. 28 June 2021. Archived from the original on 28 June 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Vegan Lentil & Rice Noodles | Paruppu Sevai Recipe". Cookilicious. 15 June 2018. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  4. ^ "شعيرية البطاطا الطبيعية محلية الصنع - الطعام الصيني". 24 June 2021. Archived from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  5. ^ "hakka noodles recipe | veg hakka noodles recipe | vegetable noodles". 22 January 2021. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  6. ^ "October is National Pasta Month – Celebrate at Home with Easy-to-Make Recipes from Pasta Fits – National Pasta Association (NPA)". 5 March 2021. Archived from the original on 5 March 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Why and how to restore value to pasta? | Professional PASTA". 24 June 2021. Archived from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.