Bikaneri bhujia
Shop selling Bikaneri bhujia
Alternative namesBhujia
Place of originIndia
Region or stateBikaner
Main ingredientsMoth bean, gram flour, groundnut oil

Bikaneri bhujia, often simply called bhujia, is a crispy snack prepared by using moth bean flour, gram flour and spices, originating from Bikaner, a city in the western state of Rajasthan in India. It is light yellow in colour. Bhujia has become not just a characteristic product of Bikaner, but also a generic name.[1]

Bikaneri bhujia is a cottage industry in Bikaner, Rajasthan, and provides employment to around 2.5 million people in villages of the region, especially women. Recently, it has faced competition from multinational companies like Pepsico as well as Indian snack companies, which have used the name bhujia.[2][3] After struggling with numerous copycats over the years, in September 2010, the Indian Patent Office confirmed the Geographical Indications rights and a patent was issued for the brand name Bikaneri bhujia to local manufacturers of Bikaner.[4][5][6]


In 1877, during the reign of Maharaja Shri Dungar Singh, the first batch of bhujia was produced in the princely state of Bikaner.[7]


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Bikaneri bhujia in West Bengal

A dough of moth bean, garbanzo bean, gram flour and spices including powdered cellulose, salt, red chilli, black pepper, cardamom, cloves, etc. is made into the snack by pressing it through a sieve and deep frying in vegetable oil.[8] It is a standard accompaniment to any meal in large parts of India, particularly Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Bihar and West Bengal.

Geographical Indication protection

In October 2008, Bikaneri bhujia was granted Geographical Indication protection.[9][10] Getting the GI tag will ensure that none other than those registered as authorized users (or at most those residing inside the geographic territory) are allowed to use the popular product name, an assurance of distinctiveness in a land of a thousand cultures.

See also


  1. ^ "Camel country: Known for its sand dunes and bhujia, Bikaner". The Tribune. 18 January 2009.
  2. ^ "The whole world's bhujia". 26 July 2005. Archived from the original on 9 May 2006. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  3. ^ "India: TNCs muscling into cottage industry sectors". TWN (Third World Network). 11 January 1996. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011.
  4. ^ "A copyright for Bikaneri bhujia, Hyderbadi haleem". Indian Express. 14 September 2010.
  5. ^ "Registered Geographical Indications (GI)" (PDF). Geographical Indication Registry (India). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  6. ^ "Patent shield soon from copycat GI Joes". Economic Times. 24 February 2007.
  7. ^ Daftuar, Swati (29 September 2012). "In search of Bikaneri Bhujia". The Hindu.
  8. ^ "Bikaneri Bhujia Glossary |Health Benefits, Nutritional Information + Recipes with Bikaneri Bhujia |". Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  9. ^ A copyright for Bikaneri bhujia, The list has grown from 120 to 132, adding Bikaneri bhujia from Rajasthan.
  10. ^ "Details | Geographical Indications | Intellectual Property India". Retrieved 24 May 2021.