Chicken Jalfrezi (2103956162).jpg
Chicken jalfrezi
Alternative namesJhal frezi
Place of originSouth Asia
Region or stateIndian subcontinent
Associated national cuisineIndia, Bangladeshi, Pakistan
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsGreen chillies; meat, seafood, vegetables or paneer

Jalfrezi (Bengali: ঝালফ্রেজী; also jhal frezi, jaffrazi, and many other alternative spellings) is a stir-fried curry dish originating in Bengal and popular throughout the Indian subcontinent and beyond.[1] Jalfrezi means "hot-fry."[2] It consists of a main ingredient such as meat, fish, paneer or vegetables, stir-fried and served in a thick spicy sauce that includes green chilli peppers.[3] Common further ingredients include bell peppers, onions and tomatoes.


Jalfrezi recipes appeared in cookbooks of British India as a way of using up leftovers by frying them with chilli and onion.[4] This English-language usage derived from the colloquial Bengali term jhāl porhezī: jhāl means spicy food; porhezī means suitable for a diet.[5][6] Jalfrezi is usually prepared by stir-frying ingredients, a technique introduced to the region by Chinese cuisine.


Jalfrezi is typically made from green peppers, onions, and tomatoes.[7] Additional ingredients include spices like paprika and coriander.[8] Vegetables or meat are then stir-fried into the mix.[9] Jalfrezi is often served alongside pulao.[1]


In a survey in 2011, jalfrezi was rated the most popular dish in UK Indian and broader South Asian restaurants.[10][11]


  1. ^ a b Mathur, Neha (2022). My Indian Bucket List Cookbook: 60 Bold, Authentic Dishes Everyone Needs to Try. Page Street Publishing. ISBN 9781645674832.
  2. ^ Pareek, Chilkit (2017). Gravy: Soul of Indian Cuisine. eBooks2go Incorporated. p. 25. ISBN 9781618138064.
  3. ^ Jacob, Jeanne; Michael, Ashkenazi (2014). The World Cookbook: The Greatest Recipes from Around the Globe, 2nd Edition [4 Volumes] The Greatest Recipes from Around the Globe. ABC-CLIO. p. 99. ISBN 9781610694698.
  4. ^ Collingham, Lizzie (2006). Curry: A Tale of Cooks and Conquerors. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-19-988381-3.
  5. ^ "jalfrezi". Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or participating institution membership required.)
  6. ^ প - পৃষ্ঠা ১৩. Accessible Dictionary Government Bangladesh (in Bengali).
  7. ^ Bhangal, Jasprit (2013). Indian Cooking with Four Ingredients: Quick, Easy, Every Day, Authentic Indian Recipes Using Only Four Ingredients. Troubador Publishing Limited. p. 103. ISBN 9781780884868.
  8. ^ Steve, Norman. A Dot of Butter and A Dash of Spice. Lulu.com. p. 125.
  9. ^ Martin, KC (2019). Spicetheworld: Your complete guide to spicy recipes. Independently Published. ISBN 9781798220122.
  10. ^ "Tikka masala out, jalfrezi is UK's No. 1 dish". The Times of India. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. 23 July 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  11. ^ Hall, Hames (21 July 2011). "Move over masala, jalfrezi is now our favourite curry". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 September 2018.