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Kala Bhuna
Kala bhuna 2.jpg
Kala bhuna
Alternative namesKalo Bhuna, Kalo Vuna, Hala Bhuno
TypeDried Meat
CourseEntrée
Place of originBangladesh
Region or stateChittagong
Associated national cuisineBangladesh
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsbeef(or mutton) , Bangladeshi spices
VariationsMezbani Kala Bhuna

Kala Bhuna (Bengali: কালা ভুনা, Chittagonian: হালা ভুনো, romanized: Hala Bhuno) is a famous dark and tender dish native to Chittagong prepared with shoulder pieces of beef and traditional spices; usually served during Mezban. It was originally served during the early 17th century. However, the origin of the dish is unknown.

Bhuna (Chittagonian) means deep-frying; derived from Bhunna (Urdu) meaning to be fried and the word Kala means dark or black in Chittagonian.

Natives of Chittagong used to cover their fried dark and tendered beef dish using banana leaves and packed it for long tours on foot, nowadays aluminium foil is used instead of the traditional banana leaf. The first major innovation that led to what is now known as kala-bhuna was the use of special spices and the long frying technique. The dish was invented shortly as it was common for the people of the area around Chittagong to fry curried beef for an extended period in order to preserve it for a longer time. Kala bhuna is a delicacy in mezbans, weddings, eids, and in sehri or iftar during the time of Ramadan.

Ingredients

Kala bhuna can be made of both beef and mutton, but beef Kala bhuna is more popular. This meat dish is cooked with various ingredients by adding them gradually. The ingredients used in it are as follows:

References