Vindaloo
Pork vindaloo, served in a Goan-style Indian restaurant
Alternative namesVindalho
TypeCurry
CourseMain course
Place of originIndia
Region or stateGoa and Kerala
Main ingredientsPork, vinegar, sugar, ginger, spices, chili peppers

Vindaloo or vindalho is an Indian curry dish based on the Portuguese dish carne de vinha d'alhos which is popular in Goa, Vasai, the Konkan, Kerala and other parts of India.[1][2] It is known globally in its British Indian form as a staple of curry house and Indian restaurant menus, and is often regarded as a fiery, spicy dish. It can be made with beef, mutton, pork, prawns, chicken, or vegetables.[3]

History

A standard element of Goan cuisine derived from the Portuguese carne de vinha d'alhos (literally "meat in garlic marinade"[4]), a vindaloo is a dish of meat (usually pork) marinated in vinegar and garlic.[2] The basic structure of the Portuguese dish was the Portuguese sailor's "preserved" raw ingredients, packed in wooden barrels of alternate layers of pork and garlic, and soaked in red wine[citation needed]. This was adapted by the local Goan cooks with the substitution of palm vinegar for the red wine, and the addition of spices. It evolved into the localized and easy-to-pronounce dish "vindaloo".[5]

The British Indian version of vindaloo calls for the meat to be marinated in vinegar, sugar, fresh ginger and spices, then cooked with more spices.[2]

Indian preparation and variations

Restaurants in Goa offering traditional Goan cuisine prepare vindaloo with pork, which is the original recipe. The dish was popularized by Goan cooks (whom the British favoured, because they had no issues in kitchens and bars when handling beef, pork or alcohol) in the British establishments and the ocean-going liners. A Kerala version of this recipe includes the usage of drumstick (moringa) tree's bark, which is believed to help with digestion. Restaurants in other parts of India prepare vindaloo with chicken or goat meat or lamb, which is sometimes mixed with cubed potatoes. Even though the word aloo (आलू) means potato in Hindi[6] (as the name is a corruption of a Portuguese phrase with no Hindi etymology) traditional vindaloo does not include potatoes.

Prawn vindaloo served with plain rice.
Prawn vindaloo served with plain rice.

Outside India

Pork vindalho, served in Lisbon, Portugal, in a Goan-style Indian restaurant
Pork vindalho, served in Lisbon, Portugal, in a Goan-style Indian restaurant
Lamb vindaloo served in Helsinki, Finland.
Lamb vindaloo served in Helsinki, Finland.

Vindaloo has gained popularity outside of India, where it is almost universally featured on menus at Indian restaurants. Vindaloo served in restaurants of the United Kingdom differs from the original vindaloo dish; it is simply a spicier version of the standard "medium (spiciness)" restaurant curry with the addition of vinegar, potatoes and chili peppers.[7]

Vindaloo is one of the spiciest dishes available on British Asian menus where it is served, although British Bangladeshi restaurants have innovated the tindaloo, which is a quite different dish that originated in Bangladesh.[7] The British variation originated from British Bangladeshi restaurants in the 1970s. Vindaloo is considered a predecessor to phall.[8]

References

  1. ^ Taylor, Anna-Louise (11 October 2013). "Curry: Where did it come from?". BBC Food. Archived from the original on 11 December 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  2. ^ a b c "Indal (Vindaloo)". The East Indian Community. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  3. ^ Peters-Jones, Michelle. "Indian Classics – Vindalho de Galinha (Chicken Vindaloo)". The Tiffin Box. Archived from the original on 13 July 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  4. ^ Priberam (Portuguese Dictionary). "Vinha-d'alhos". Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  5. ^ "How to cook a vindaloo – students learn from the best". University of West London. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
  6. ^ "Hindi/English/Tamil Glossary". Pravasidesi's Tiffin box. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
  7. ^ a b Pat Chapman (2004). The New Curry Bible. London, UK: Metro Publishing Ltd. pp. 118–121. ISBN 978-1-84358-087-4.
  8. ^ "lamb phall, vindaloo and madras curry recipes". andyskitchen.co.uk. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2018.