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Alternative namesSaaru, saathamudhu, chaaru, chaatambde
Place of originSouth India
Region or stateTamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Telangana, Odisha
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientskokum, kadam, jaggery, tamarind, tomato, lentil

Rasam is a spicy South Indian soup-like dish.[1] It is usually served as a side dish with rice. In a traditional South Indian meal, it is part of a course that includes sambar rice. Rasam has a distinct taste in comparison to sambar due to its own seasoning ingredients and is fluid in consistency. Chilled prepared versions are marketed commercially as well as rasam paste in bottles.[2]

An Anglo-Indian variety of rasam is the soup-like dish mulligatawny whose name is derived from the Tamil word mulagu thani.[3]


Rasam with various garnishes

Rasam in Malayalam and Tamil, Tili sāru in Kannada (Kannada script: ತಿಳಿ ಸಾರು), or chāru(చారు) in Telugu means "essence" and, by extension, "juice" or "soup". In South Indian households rasam commonly refers to a soupy dish prepared with a sweet-sour stock made from either kokum or tamarind, along with tomato and lentil, added spices and garnish.


Rasam is prepared mainly with a tart base such as kokum, malabar tamarind (kudam puli), tamarind, vate huli (vate huli powder), ambula or amchur (dried green mango) stock depending on the region. A dal or lentil stock (for rasam, the typical dal used is split yellow pigeon peas or mung beans) is optional but is used in several rasam recipes. Jaggery, cumin, black pepper, turmeric, tomato, lemon, mustard seeds, chilli powder, curry leaves, garlic, shallots and coriander leaves may be used as flavoring ingredients and garnish in South India.



Different kinds of rasam are listed below with their main ingredients.

See also


  1. ^ "Rasam - Recipes, Food & Drink - The Independent". Archived from the original on 2 November 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  2. ^ "NRN-funded startup to retail rasam, sattu in packs". The Times Of India. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Mulligatawny soup, meatball curry and more: The hybrid culinary inventions of Anglo-Indians". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 1 November 2023.
  4. ^ "Tovve,Kattu Saaru,Dal recipe". Udupi-recipes. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Horsegram Rasam,Huruli Saaru,Kudu Saaru recipe". Udupi-recipes. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Nursing Mother Foods-black-pepper rasam recipe". Udupi-recipes. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Mysore Rasam Recipe, Mysore Soup, Mysore Charu, Yogari Bele Saaru, Mysore Sathamudhu, Mysore Dal Tamarind Curry, Mysore Saru, Mysore Chaaru, Mysore Lentil Soup". Retrieved 18 January 2014.