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Rice vermicelli
Rice vermicelli.jpg
Strands of rice vermicelli
Alternative namesRice noodles, rice sticks
TypeRice noodles
Place of originSouthern China
Region or stateEast Asia, Indian subcontinent, and Southeast Asia
Main ingredientsRice
VariationsGuilin mǐfěn
Rice vermicelli
Chinese name
Chinese米粉
Burmese name
Burmeseဆန်ကြာဆံ
Vietnamese name
Vietnamesebún
Thai name
Thaiเส้นหมี่ (sen mee)
Japanese name
Kanaビーフン (bīfun)
Malay name
Malaybihun
Indonesian name
Indonesianbihun
Filipino name
Tagalogbihon
Tamil name
Tamilசேவை (sevai)
Khmer name
Khmerនំបញ្ចុក (num bănhchŏk)

Rice vermicelli is a thin form of noodle.[1] It is sometimes referred to as 'rice noodles' or 'rice sticks', but should not be confused with cellophane noodles, a different Asian type of vermicelli made from mung bean starch or rice starch rather than rice grains themselves.

Presentation and varieties

Rice vermicelli is a part of several Asian cuisines, where it are often eaten as part of a soup dish, stir-fry, or salad. One particularly well-known, slightly thicker variety, called Guilin mǐfěn (桂林米粉), comes from the southern Chinese city of Guilin, where it is a breakfast staple.

Names

Rice vermicelli is widely known in Asia by cognates of Hokkien 米粉 (bí-hún, literally "rice vermicelli"). These include bīfun (Japan), bíjon or bihon (Philippines), bee hoon (Singapore), bihun or mee hoon (Malaysia and Indonesia), num banh chok (Cambodia), bún (Vietnam), and mee hoon (Southern Thailand).

Naming in Taiwan

Beginning July 1, 2014, Food and Drug Administration of Taiwan rules have been in effect that only products made of 100% rice can be labeled and sold as "米粉" in Taiwan, usually translated as "rice vermicelli" or "rice noodle". If the product contains starch or other kinds of grain powder as ingredients but is made of at least 50% rice, it is to be labeled as "調和米粉", meaning "blended rice vermicelli".[2] Products made of less than 50% rice cannot be labelled as rice vermicelli.[3]

Notable dishes

East Asia

Mainland China

Guilin rice noodles
Guilin rice noodles

As the term 米粉 (mifen) literally only means "rice noodles" in Chinese, there is considerable variation among rice noodles granted this name. In Hubei and historically in much of Hunan, mifen refers to thick, flat rice noodles made using a wet mix, similar to Shahe fen. In Changde, the term refer to thick, round noodles that has supplanted the other mifen in Hunan.[4] These are mifen in China, but not rice vermicelli noodles.

Hong Kong

Singapore fried rice noodles
Singapore fried rice noodles

Taiwan

South Asia

Indian Subcontinent

Southeast Asia

Cambodia

Num banh chok
Num banh chok

Indonesia

Bihun goreng
Bihun goreng
Soto mie bogor style noodle and rice vermicelli, cabbage, tomato, (cartilage and tendons of cow's trotters) and tripes, risoles spring rolls, served in broth soup, added sweet soy sauce, sprinkled with fried shallots and sambal chilli
Soto mie bogor style noodle and rice vermicelli, cabbage, tomato, (cartilage and tendons of cow's trotters) and tripes, risoles spring rolls, served in broth soup, added sweet soy sauce, sprinkled with fried shallots and sambal chilli

Malaysia

Singaporean-style Hokkien mee
Singaporean-style Hokkien mee
Laksa Sarawak is the de facto state dish of Sarawak
Laksa Sarawak is the de facto state dish of Sarawak

In Malaysia, rice vermicelli may be found as mihun, mi hoon, mee hoon, bihun, or bee hoon.

There are various types of bihun soup, from pork noodles, chicken meat, fish balls and the list goes on, basically alternatives to different noodles that you prefer.

Myanmar

Mohinga with fritters
Mohinga with fritters
Rakhine mont di fish soup with garnish
Rakhine mont di fish soup with garnish

Philippines

Filipino pancit bihon served with calamansi
Filipino pancit palabok
Filipino pancit palabok

Singapore

Vietnam

Vietnamese bún thịt nướng chả giò
Vietnamese bún thịt nướng chả giò
A dish of bánh hỏi in Ho Chi Minh City
A dish of bánh hỏi in Ho Chi Minh City
A bowl of bún riêu and a dish of vegetables
A bowl of bún riêu and a dish of vegetables
A bowl of bún bò (at Bún Bò Huế An Nam restaurant)
A bowl of bún bò (at Bún Bò Huế An Nam restaurant)

See also

References

  1. ^ Lori Alden (2005). "Asian Rice Noodles". Retrieved November 4, 2011.
  2. ^ www.fda.gov.tw (2 December 2013). "市售包裝米粉絲產品標示規定". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  3. ^ www.fda.gov.tw. "食品標示法規手冊" (PDF). Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  4. ^ 不是常德、不是岳阳,湖北这座历史名城才是被低估的美食王国 [Not Changde, not Yueyang, this historic city of Hubei is the real underrated kingdom of food]. 24 February 2022.
  5. ^ "Singaporean Fried Rice Noodles". tastehongkong.com. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  6. ^ "How to make perfect Singapore noodles". theguardian.com. Guardian News and Media Limited. 2 October 2013. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Indian Coconut Rice Noodles". Allrecipes.com.au.
  8. ^ Larsen, Tevy (7 March 2012). "Stir fry clear rice noodle (Char Mee Sur)". tevysfoodblog. blogspot. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  9. ^ Bolla, Sarah. "Cambodian Noodle Salad with Sweet Pepper Dressing". foodandwine.com. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Fragrant Cambodian Noodle Salad". thekindcook.com. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Fragrant Cambodian Noodle Salad". recipes.vegkit.com. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  12. ^ Mi, Yuen (17 April 2017). "How to Make Cambodian Noodle: Num Banh Chok". awonderingfoodie.com. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  13. ^ Lina (5 March 2013). "Khmer noodles: The story of num banh chok". movetocambodia.com. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Pancit Bihon Guisado". Kawaling Pinoy. 24 August 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  15. ^ "Pastil". Savor Filipino Foods. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  16. ^ Uy, Amy A. (24 February 2013). "Asiong's Carinderia: Why it still is the pride of Cavite City". GMA News Online. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  17. ^ "Pancit Palabok Recipe". Panlasang Pinoy. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  18. ^ "Filipino Pansit Miki at Bihon Guisado". Magluto.com. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  19. ^ "Pancit Canton at Bihon Recipe". Panlasang Pinoy. Retrieved 5 July 2019.