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Khanom chin
Fresh batch of khanom chin
Alternative nameskhanom jeen
TypeRice noodles
Place of originThailand
Region or stateCentral Thailand
Created byMon people
Main ingredientsRice
Similar dishesmont di, mixian, num banhchok, bún, khao poon

Khanom chin or Khanom jeen (Thai: ขนมจีน, pronounced [kʰā.nǒm t͡ɕīːn]) are fresh, thin rice noodles in Thai cuisine which are made from rice sometimes fermented for three days, boiled, and then made into noodles by extruding the resulting dough through a sieve into boiling water. Khanom chin is served in many kinds of stock: coconut milk, fish curry, and chilli.

Etymology and origin

Although chin means "Chinese" in Thai, this type of noodle originated from the Mon people.[1] The word khanom chin is probably derived from the Mon words hanom cin (Mon: ခၞံစိန် lit.'boiled noodles').[2]

Eating khanom chin

When khanom chin is served, the stock is added. Each locality has a different stock such as coconut stock, fish, curry sauce, chili sauce, and curry with coconut milk such as green curry, spicy pork sauce, and fish organ sour soup. Moreover, for children, there is also a sweet stock without spices combined with nuts.

Khanom chin is eaten with fresh vegetables and pickles as condiments: in the north, pickled cabbage and raw sprouts are typical; in the central regions, banana blossoms, lentils, cucumbers, sprouts, raw papaya, basil, gotu kola, bitter melon and morning glory (other condiments can include half-boiled eggs and roasted peppers); in the northeast, fresh vegetables such as white popinac, climbing wattle and parsley; in the south, fresh vegetables such as parkia, white popinac, olives and pickles.

Notable neighborhoods for khanom chin in Bangkok include Banglampoo in Phra Nakhon (with two eateries)[3][4] and Wongwian Yai in Thonburi.[5]


There are two types of khanom chin noodles:

Khanom chin kaeng khiao wan kai

These noodles are used as a staple food in a variety of Thai dishes. Some popular dishes are:

Another popular combination is to serve Thai papaya salad together with this noodle.

Khanom chin nam ya

Khanom chin nam ya

Khanom chin nam ya (lit.'noodles with fish curry') is spicy like many other dishes in Thai cuisine, such as Tomyamkung, Somtum, and yum. Nam ya (English: fish curry) originates from Central Thailand. The ingredients of khanom chin nam ya include khanom chin, boiled fish, fish ball, dried guinea pepper, salt, kha sliced, lemongrass sliced, garlic sliced, turmeric sliced, fingerroot, shrimp paste, shallots, undiluted coconut milk, diluted coconut milk, fish sauce, palm sugar, noodles, boiled egg and fresh vegetables. First, the dried guinea pepper, salt, kha, lemongrass, shallots, garlic, fingerroot and turmeric is pounded until it breaks, then boiled fish and shrimp paste are added and pounding is continued. Second, the coconut milk is boiled by using middle temperature, then the spices in the first step, when the coconut milk is boiling, then input fish ball and season. Lastly, khanom chin is added to the dish and fish curry is poured over the dish, it is ready to eat with boiled egg and fresh vegetables.[6]

Khanom chin nam ngiao

Khanom chin nam ngiao

Khanom chin nam ngiao is a noodle soup or curry of the cuisine of the Tai Yai people who live in the northeast of Myanmar, the southwest of Yunnan province, China, and in northern Thailand, mainly in Mae Hong Son Province. The dish has become famous through the northern Thai cuisine.[7] Nam ngiao has a characteristic spicy and tangy flavor.[8]

Khanom chin kai khua

Khanom chin kai khua (lit.'noodles with stir-fried chicken') is similar to the khanom chin nam ya. However, there is a difference in ingredients used minced chicken served with fried chili oil, chicken blood pudding, chopped onion and coriander. The dish is considered a rare food, it is made and sold only two places are Kudi Chin, which was a small community of Thai Portuguese located at the Chao Phraya River bank near Santa Cruz Church in Thonburi neighborhood, and the Ban Yuan near Immaculate Conception Church in Samsen neighborhood, which was community of Roman Catholic Thai Vietnamese.[9] Assumed that it originated from the Portuguese spaghetti white sauce. It is also called Khanom chin Portugal[10] (although, some academics believe that it originated from Khmer cuisine)[11]

Khanom chin Pradok

Khanom chin Pradok or Khanom chin Ban Pradok is famous and popular in Nakhon Ratchasima Province or Korat. It is served with tasty curry which is the result of the careful cooking procedure. Ban Pradok is a muban (village in Thai) in Muen Wai Sub-District, Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District, Nakhon Ratchasima Province. This village has produced boiled rice noodles for a long time. Presently, they are available in restaurants lining both sides of the road in Ban Khok Phai area. The noodles are also served with other dishes such as phat mi Khorat, som tam, kai yang, and desserts.[12]

Khanom chin Lom Sak

Khanom chin Lom Sak are famous noodles of Lom Sak District, Phetchabun Province, northern Thailand. Local people here are very popular eating noodles, because their ancestors are of Lao descent. It is said that they eat three main meals per day. There are a lot of restaurants lining the roads. Rice noodles here are colorful, made from various herbs, it is unique not like other noodles.[13]

Similar dishes

Similar noodles are also found in other cuisines: mont di from Burmese cuisine; mixian is from Yunnan Province, China; num banhchok from Cambodia; and bún from Vietnam. It also bears similarities to idiyappam, a rice noodle dish eaten in the southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala and also eaten in Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia.

See also


  1. ^ "Get To Know How Khanom Chin Conquered Thailand". Michelin Guide. Michelin. 26 June 2022. Retrieved 16 September 2023. However, one of the most popular theories is that khanom chin is not Chinese, but rather, from the Mon. In Mon, khanom chin is called "kanorm chin", where "kanorm" means a pack sticking together and "chin" refers to being cooked.
  2. ^ Ben Groundwater (23 August 2023). "What is khanom chin? Thailand's breakfast noodles are anything but boring". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 16 September 2023. Only, historians believe they were introduced by the Mon people, an ethnic group from Myanmar and Central Thailand. The Mon term for rice noodles is "hanom cin", literally meaning boiled noodles, words that were altered only slightly to become part of the Thai language.
  3. ^ ""ขนมจีนบ้านผู้การ" สูตรโบราณ รสทีเด็ด". Manager Online (in Thai). 2011-07-17. Archived from the original on 2018-03-20. Retrieved 2018-03-20.
  4. ^ "ขนมจีนน้ำยา ตรอกข้างห้างตั้งฮั่วเส็ง บางลำพู". wongnai (in Thai).
  5. ^ "สนามข่าวชวนกิน : ทับทิมกรอบแม่ดวงพร วงเวียนใหญ่ กทม". Channel 7 (in Thai). 2018-01-14.
  6. ^ "สูตรอาหารไทย - ขนมจีนน้ำยา". Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  7. ^ Romero-Frias, Xavier. "On the Role of Food Habits in the Context of the Identity and Cultural Heritage of South and South East Asia". Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Khanomchin nam-ngeo - Lanna Food - Northern Thai Information Center, Chiang Mai University Library". Archived from the original on 16 June 2020. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  9. ^ "ชุมชนคอนเซ็ปชัญสืบทอดประเพณีฉลอง "แม่พระไถ่ทาส"". TPBS (in Thai). 2012-09-30.
  10. ^ ปานชื่น, ปิ่นอนงค์ (2017-01-27). "เปิดสำรับโปรตุเกส-ไทย บ้านสกุลทอง". Bangkokbiznews (in Thai).
  11. ^ "สามเสน...ประวัติศาสตร์บรรพชนคนนานาชาติ ต้นกำเนิดการประปาแห่งกรุงรัตนโกสินทร์". TPBS (in Thai). 2012-05-04.
  12. ^ "ขนมจีนประโดก". isertblog (in Thai). 2017-01-28.
  13. ^ ใช่แล้ว.....ผมเองครับ (2005-04-24). "พาไปกินขนมจีนหล่มสัก". (in Thai).

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