Khao soi
Chicken khao soi with fermented vegetables, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand
Alternative namesKhao soy
TypeNoodle soup
Region or stateNorthern Thailand, Northern Laos and Myanmar
Associated cuisineMyanmar, Laos and Thailand
Created byChin Haw
Main ingredientsHand cut rice or egg noodles, coconut milk, curry soup base
VariationsNorthern Thai khao soi, Lao khao soi
Similar dishesOhn no khao swè

Khao soi or khao soy (Thai: ข้าวซอย, pronounced [kʰâ(:)w sɔ̄ːj]; Lao: ເຂົ້າຊອຍ [kʰȁ(ː)w sɔ́ːj], Burmese: အုန်းနို့ခေါက်ဆွဲ ,pronounced [ʔóʊɴ no̰ kʰaʊʔ sʰwɛ́]) is a Chin Haw dish[1][2] served in Laos and northern Thailand.[3] A comparable dish, ohn no khao swè, is widely served in Myanmar. The name means 'cut rice', although it is possible that it is simply a corruption of the Burmese word for noodles – "khao swè" – which may account for the variations. Traditionally, the dough for the rice noodles is spread out on a cloth stretched over boiling water. After steaming the large sheet noodle is then rolled and cut with scissors.

The dish is believed to have evolved from Chinese Muslim traders who plied the spice route when what is now modern-day northern Thailand was controlled by the Burmese.[4]

Lao khao soi is traditionally made with hand sliced rice noodles in clear soup broth and topped with minced pork.[5] In some markets in Luang Namtha and Muang Sing, vendors still hand cut the noodles. These traditionally cut noodles can also be found in several places in northern Thailand.


There are several common versions of khao soi:

Lao-style khao soi, in Luang Prabang


See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Khao Soi Recipe, Northern Style Curried Noodle Soup with Chicken (khaao saawy gai ; สูตรทำข้าวซอยไก่)". Thaifoodmaster. 2010-12-04. Archived from the original on 6 August 2020. Retrieved 2018-02-28.
  2. ^ Groundwater, Ben (2022-06-10). "This Thai dish is one of the world's all-time greatest foods". Traveller. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  3. ^ Agha, Shafia (3 February 2013). "Recipe: Burmese Khao Suey". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Khao Soi: Northern Thailand's Signature Dish". Thaizer. Archived from the original on 2022-12-02. Retrieved 2023-08-16.
  5. ^ a b Fan, Cindy (2019-04-16). "An obsession with khao soi, Lao rice noodles". So Many Miles. Retrieved 2021-06-30.
  6. ^ "Laos Khao Soi - Tomato Meat Sauce Noodle Soup". Scruff & Steph. 2019-01-28. Retrieved 2021-06-30.
  7. ^ Fan, Cindy (2019-04-16). "An obsession with khao soi, Lao rice noodles". So Many Miles. Retrieved 2021-06-30.
  8. ^ "How to make Khao Soi meat sauce Tai Neua style". Food from Northern Laos. 2012-02-15. Retrieved 2021-06-30.
  9. ^ "Kao Soi". Lao Food Recipes. The Boat Landing Guest House and Restaurant. 26 March 2010. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  10. ^ Walters, A.V. (2014). The Foodspotting Field Guide. Chronicle Books. p. pt39. ISBN 978-1-4521-3008-8. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d Eckhardt, Robyn (2009-11-27). "In Thailand, Chiang Mai's Fiery Noodles, Khao Soi". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2023-05-21.
  12. ^ "Khao Soi". Lanna Food. Chiang Mai University. Archived from the original on 16 June 2020. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  13. ^ "Khao Soy Tai or Shan Kao Soi by Sao Tern Moeng". 2006-03-26. Retrieved 2013-09-19.